What Is the Patriot Act?

Sec. 220, which allows law enforcement to go to any judge nationwide when seeking search warrants for electronic evidence, opening the door to judge-shopping.

Among the provisions of the Patriot Act that are not due to "sunset" but that civil liberties groups say are problematic are:

Sec. 213, which authorizes and expands "sneak and peek" search warrants, which allow law enforcement to be execute search warrants without notifying the subject of the search;

Sec. 216, which permits the seizure of Internet "routing" information such as Web site links and addressing information in criminal cases under a low standard of proof, without protections against the unwarranted seizure of possible content;

Sec. 411, which expands the grounds for deportation and exclusion from the country for alleged support of terrorist groups or causes;

Sec. 412, which permits the attorney general to unilaterally detain non-citizen terrorist suspects for seven days without charges and requires judicial review at six-month intervals for indefinite detention;

Sec. 505, which authorizes the government to seize financial, Internet, credit and telephone records without prior judicial review and without evidence for the suspicion that the target is a terrorist or spy;

Sec. 507 and 508, which expands access to student records without having to show reason to suspect the individual;

Sec. 802, which expands the definition of "domestic terrorism" to include any act that is "dangerous to human life," involves a violation of any state or federal law and is intended to influence government policy or coerce a civilian population;

Sec. 901, which permits the head of the the intelligence community to set "requirements and priorities" for domestic spying, and could be used to allow the CIA to monitor the lawful activities of Americans;

Title III International Money Laundering Abatement and Anti-Terrorist Financing, which obligates banks and other financial institutions to furnish a great deal of customer information to the government.

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