19th Century Best-Of Lists

Musical Composers:
Ludwig von Beethoven (1770-1827)
Richard Wagner (1813-1883)

Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre (1789-1851)

The Sewing Machine:
Elias Howe (1819-1867)

Friedrich Froebel (1782-1852)

Edwin Booth (1833-1898)

John Henry Newman (1801-1890)

Notable Women (counted as a single, cumulative entity):
George Sand (1804-1876)
George Eliot (1819-1880)
Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1806-1861)
Rosa Bonheur

Greatest Ideas, Strongest Books, Most Famous Names Of the 19th Century

San Francisco Chronicle, Sunday, January 6, 1901 —


Top vote-getters:
Abraham Lincoln (8 votes)
Otto von Bismarck (8)
Charles Darwin (7)
William Ewart Gladstone (5)
Napoleon Bonaparte (4)
Samuel F.B. Morse (4)
Ralph Waldo Emerson (3)
Ulysses S. Grant (3)
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (3)
Florence Nightengale (3)
Louis Pasteur (2)
Charles Haddon Spurgeon (2)
Dwight L. Moody (2)
Thomas Edison (2)
Daniel Webster (2)
John Marshall (2)

Single votes:
… by Jordan: Helmholtz, Cuvier, Cavour, Lyell, Agassiz
… by Nichols: Hegel, Pusey, Tennyson
… by Morrow: Peabody
… by Scott: John Herschel, Thomas Young, Louis J. M. Daguerre, Michael Farrady, Dr. Thomas Schwam, Dr. John Robert Mayer
… by Slack: Wilhelm Richard Wagner, Jean Francois Millet, Count von Moltke
… by Keith: Clara Barton, Susan B. Anthony, Garibaldi
… by Hemphill: Henry Ward Beecher, David Livingstone
… by Murdock: James Martineau, John Henry Newman
… by Voorsanger: Thomas Jefferson, Georg Friedrich Grotefend, Sir James Young Simpson, Dr. Lister, Pope Leo XIII, Sir Moses Montefiore


Evolution/natural selection (7)
Electricity/electrical development (5)
Photography (5)
Arbitration/international arbitration (5)
Anesthesia (4)
Abolition of slavery (4)
Spectroscopy/spectrum analysis/the theory of light and color(4)
Telephone/transmission of sound by electricity/long-distance speaking (4)
Steam power (3)
Telegraph (3)
Bacteriology/Pasteur’s idea of the bacillus/microbean theory of disease (3)
Religious evangelism (the ‘born again’ … evangelization of the world/those embodied in all the special efforts to win the century for Christ/the realization of the imminence of God) (3)
The nature of heredity/importance of heredity vs. environment (2)
Red Cross movement (2)
The advancement of women/the uplifting of womanhood and childhood (2)
Labor reform (’industrial and social co-operation”/dealing with issues of labor and capital, esp. for children and women) (2)
The American system of self-government/“democracy as a training school for the development of men” (2)


Darwin: Origin of Species (5 votes)
Stowe: Uncle Tom’s Cabin (4)
Hugo: Les Miserables (4)
Goethe: Faust (4)
Hawthorne: Scarlet Letter (3)
Carlyle: French Revolution (2)
Darwin: Descent of Man (2)
Thackeray: Vanity Fair (2)
DeTocqueville Democracy in America (2)
Emerson: Essays (2)

Other individual selections:

… by Morrow:
Spencer: Synthetical Philosophy
Kent: Commentaries
Mill: Logic

… by Scott:
Andrew D. White: Conflict of Science and Dogmatism
Thackeray: Henry Esmond
Mark Twain: Yankee at the Court of King Arthur
Dr. Thomas Schwam: Unity of Vegetable and Animal Tissue
Professor O.C. Marsh: Origin of the Horse
Agassiz: Universal Ice Age
Pasteur: Spontaneous Life Due To Germs In The Air
Byron’s poems

… by Slack:
Macaulay: History of England
Renaud: Life of Jesus

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