Made in America: Where Can You Find American-Made Fabrics?

Two American companies try to make U.S. textiles in a global economy.

ByABC News
February 22, 2011, 11:02 AM

March 2, 2011 — -- As we searched far and wide across this country for American-made products, we found one industry particularly difficult to locate. Where can we find fabrics made in the United States?

According to business owners, it's almost impossible to create textiles from start to finish with 100 percent American-made materials.

Watch "World News with Diane Sawyer" for more "Made In America" tonight on ABC.

The textiles and apparel Americans use are increasingly foreign-made. According to data from the 2010 Census, nearly 100 percent of all apparel Americans use is imported, up from nearly 57 percent in 2000. More and more textiles come from overseas as well: Nearly 52 percent of textiles Americans use are imported, up from nearly 33 percent in 2000.

Nancy Reib, founder and president of Wildcat Territory, maintains a commitment to manufacturing fabrics in the United States. She said a textile that is 100 percent made in America "just doesn't exist."

Click Here to Purchase Your "Made in America" T-Shirt

"It's just not the world we live in anymore. There's a ton of fabulous companies out there -- small companies -- but their products just don't all originate here. They're still American companies," she said.

Reib said 80 percent of Wildcat Territory's products are made in America. Her company buys fabric from all over the world, but also develops its own fabric in American mills. There aren't that many left, but there "is a small but still core group of people" who own mills in this country.

Click here to learn more about the "Made in America" series.

"Part of that is because of policies of past administrations, who didn't support American manufacturing. Many of the grand American mills closed down -- we watched in great sorrow, you'll never get that back," she said.

The company, founded about 15 years ago, employees what Reib calls "the best craftspeople," and the small staff of 20 is like family, she said. "I have so much pride in their work, and I feel committed to supporting that" by keeping manufacturing operations in the United States.

Despite the recession, Reib said she's optimistic for Wildcat Territory's future. "If you're an American manufacturer or designer, you don't quit -- you adapt," she said. "We're one company making a go at it, and that's what being American is about -- having great ingenuity, a sense of optimism and great style, and that's very much what I think Wildcat Territory is about."

Companies Struggle To Compete in a Global Market

Larry Hulighan, vice president of Copland Mills, takes pride in being part of the community of Burlington, N.C. "We employ 300 people, but we really employ 300 families," he said. "That's typical of a family-owned business -- we serve the family, we serve the customers."

Copland Mills is a family-owned business "70 years strong," Hulighan said. The company, which manufactures its products in the United States, is predominantly a polyester house, but finishes cotton as well.

Hulighan has worked in the fabric industry since 1973. "As you track the dynamic changes that have occurred in the production and consumption of textiles in this country since 1975, you will see a devastation of the textile industry, and it continues," he said.