Online Resale of Gift Cards Raises Fraud Alarms

Gift cards bought with stolen credit card numbers are being resold online.

July 23, 2007 — -- That gift card you spotted on the Internet offered at a nice discount look enticing? Buy it and you may be helping a cybercrook complete a slick money-laundering scheme.

In what security experts describe as "cyber money laundering" or "e-fencing," scammers have perfected yet another way to convert stolen data into cash while sitting at a computer.

How it works: Thieves use a stolen credit card number to buy a gift card online, then sell it to the highest bidder at an online auction website or for a set discount at a gift-card exchange website.

"People have found that purchasing gift cards with stolen credit card information and selling them online is very lucrative," says Joseph LaRocca, vice president of loss prevention at the National Retail Federation.

The ruse helps crooks make use of pilfered credit card numbers before the victim has a chance to deactivate the account. It "extends the life of credit card fraud," says Paul Cogswell, vice president of loss prevention and risk services at Comdata, one of the nation's largest gift card producers and processors.

Precise measures of the scam are tough to pin down. But gift cards have become a multibillion-dollar enterprise. Banks and retailers will issue a record $97 billion of them this year, up from about $82 billion last year, says market researcher TowerGroup.

Major retailers popularized gift cards in the late 1990s, and Visa USA, MasterCard and American Express followed suit.

Since late 2002, merchant- and bank-issued gift cards have been increasingly turning up for resale at eBay, Craigslist and card-exchange sites such as, and

EBay now lists more than 3,400 for resale. To stem fraud, eBay in 2003 began limiting sellers to offering one $500 or less gift card per week. But LaRocca, who monitors the resale market, says that policy is routinely violated.

Some sellers legitimately resell cards they received as gifts, which they know they'll never use, he says. "But when you start seeing hundreds of gift cards selling at a 30% to 50% discount, you have to question where that product came from."

EBay spokeswoman Nichola Sharpe noted the auction site lists more than 100 million items. "We have not seen a huge increase in fraud activity linked to the sale of gift cards," Sharpe says.

Last year, confirmed that two $200 Wal-Mart cards, which resold for $125 and $135, were initially purchased fraudulently. The site now requires any card issued by a major retailer to be at least 10 days old before it can be posted for sale. That way the merchant has time to flag any fraudulently purchased cards, CEO Tina Henson says. "There is an absolute risk," Henson says.