Hosni Mubarak was president of Egypt for three decades before being ousted by the military during the Arab Spring uprising in 2011. Rising to office after his predecessor, Anwar el-Sadat, was killed, Mubarak survived multiple assassination attempts during his rule which was marked by repression, corruption and poverty. He suppressed terrorism and maintained a stable peace, aligning Egypt with the West.
<br><br>Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak as a young Royal Egyptian Air Force Lieutenant taken before the revolution that deposed King Farouk in 1952.
Egyptian President Anwar el-Sadat and Vice-President Hosni Mubarak walk through the halls of King Farouk's Palace in Cairo, Egypt, 1977.
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From left to right, Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin attends talks in Cairo with Egyptian President Anwar el-Sadat and Vice-President Hosni Mubarak, April 1979.
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Egyptian soldiers killed Egyptian President Anwar el-Sadat while he and Gen. Hosni Mubarak attended a military parade on Oct. 6, 1981 in Cairo. The assassination was attributed to the extremist group the Muslim Brotherhood.
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Egypt's newly elected president Hosni Mubarak, right, takes the oath of office, Oct. 14, 1981, as ally Sudanese President Janfar Numeiry listens at the Egyptian parliament.
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Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak attends a mini Arab-summit with Iraqi President Saddam Hussein and Yasser Arafat, chairman of Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), Oct. 23, 1988 in Baghdad.
The front page of The Ethiopian Herald with pictures of the foiled assassination attempt, June 26, 1995, by the Egyptian Islamic Jihad against Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak as his motorcade drove from the Addis Ababa airport. Mubarak's bulletproof limousine and a malfunctioning grenade launcher interrupted the attack.
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President Bill Clinton, center, accompanies King Hussein of Jordan, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat and Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak through the Great Hall at the White House, Sept. 28, 1995. In ceremonies in the East Room, Israel and the PLO signed a West Bank autonomy accord.
Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak waves in front of a new canal, Jan 9, 1997, intended to irrigate the Western Desert and increase the country's habitable area from 5 percent to 25 percent. Meant to alleviate the crisis of overpopulation in the Nile Valley and food scarcity, the Toshka project never met its objectives. The project has, however, achieved been a relative success for foreign investment companies, and the part of the canal has been renamed, the "Sheikh Zayed Canal" after the ruler of Abu Dhabi.
Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak confers with Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi in Gadhafi's traditional tent during a visit, March 6, 1999, in Cairo.
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Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and Syrian President Bashar al-Assad stand before the honor guard at the presidential palace in Cairo, Oct. 1, 2000.
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U.S. President George W. Bush gestures as he escorts Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak after his arrival at the Bush Ranch, April 12, 2004, in Crawford, Texas.
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Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak poses with U.S. congressmen Tom Davis, left, and Darrell Issa in Cairo after receiving a copy of Bill H.R. 384, which condemns "in the strongest terms" the July attacks in Sharm el-Sheikh, Sept. 5, 2005. Some 70 people, including foreigners, were killed in the multiple bombings in the tourist-packed Red Sea resort on July 23.
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Pope Benedict XVI greets Egypt's President Hosni Moubarak during a private audience in his library at the Vatican, March 13, 2006.
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Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, right, with Britain's Prince Charles, and their wives, Egyptian First Lady Suzan and Camilla, Britain's Duchess of Cornwall, pose for a photo before a dinner at the presidential palace in Cairo, March 21, 2006.
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Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak listens during the opening session of the annual Arab summit in the Saudi capital Riyadh, March 28, 2007.
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Algerian President Abdelazziz Bouteflika, right, and his Egyptian counterpart Hosni Mubarak pose for a picture, hand in hand, during their meeting at Houari Boumediene International Airport, Algeria, July 4, 2010.
Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak salutes his supporters after giving a speech at the opening session of the annual conference of Egypt's ruling National Democratic Party in Cairo, Nov. 1, 2008.
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Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak meets with U.S. President Barack Obama in the Oval Office of the White House in Washington, D.C., Sept. 1, 2010.
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President Hosni Mubarak, second from right, poses with his wife Suzanne, center, and their two sons Gamal, right, and Alaa, second from left, with his wife Heidi al-Sakher, left, in the Tahadeya Palace in Cairo.
Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak meets with Emirates Foreign Minister Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed al-Nahayan (unseen) in Cairo, Feb. 8, 2011, as protests in the city continue for the 15th consecutive day calling for his resignation and an end to his regime.
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Egypt's President Hosni Mubarak addresses the nation, Feb. 10, 2011. President Hosni Mubarak defied calls for his immediate resignation but said he would hand his responsibilities to his vice president.
Egyptian State TV via Reuters
Ousted Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak looks out from his bed inside a cage in a courtroom during his trial in Cairo, June 2, 2012. A judge sentenced Mubarak to life in prison after convicting him of involvement in the murder of protesters during the uprising that ousted him.
Former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak is escorted by his two sons Alaa, right, and Gamal, left, during the retrial of members of the Muslim Brotherhood over charges of plotting jailbreaks and attacks on police during the 2011 uprising, at a make-shift courthouse in southern Cairo, Dec. 26, 2018.
<br><br> Mubarak died at the age of 91 on Feb. 25, 2020.
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