CAIRO, Egypt, Feb. 6, 2011— -- Egyptian Vice President Omar Suleiman met with representatives from Egypt's opposition groups, including the banned Muslim Brotherhood, the country's largest party.
Egypt state television is reporting that Suleiman is offering the groups concessions, including freedom of the press, term limits to the presidency and the end of the country's emergency law.
The Muslim Brotherhood, which was outlawed in Egypt in 1954, did not send high-level leaders to the meetings, but said they agreed to go to test the government's intentions: to see if it is serious about reforms or if this is just an act.
After the meeting, I spoke with Dr. Khalil el-Gazar of the Muslim Brotherhood high council.
El-Gazar said the Muslim Brotherhood "were surprised" during today's historic first meeting with the government when Suleiman stood for a minute to respect those killed in this revolution.
El-Gazar told me Suleiman said the government was wrong for what they did in the uprising and in the past.
During the meeting Suleiman promised to stop harassing anti-government protesters and not pursue or punish them. This may help thin the crowds in Liberation Square, because many are afraid to leave in case the government hunts them down.
El-Gazar said Egypt will keep its peace treaty with Israel in the future "because this is of value to the people of Egypt. We don't want to break something of value to the people of Egypt."
He also said there must be peace in the Palestinian state.
Responding to U.S. fears of the Muslim Brotherhood, el-Gazar said, "We have good feelings towards the Western countries, but Islamophobia spread all over the Western countries," he said. "We are astonished. Why?"
In my exclusive interview with President Hosni Mubarak earlier this week, he blamed the Muslim Brotherhood for the violence in Tahrir Square during the protests.
El-Gazar countered that claim, saying that the Muslim Brotherhood are not fundamentalists, are not seeking a religious revolution and are not seeking the presidency themselves.
He said it was the young people who led the revolution in Egypt, not the Muslim Brotherhood.