Barack Obama's Trips to Kenya: Then vs. Now

Obama's trip to Kenya is a first for history, but a fourth for him, personally.

The latest visit, more than 25 years after his first, will bring a very different Obama face-to-face with a very different Kenya.

In 1988, at just 27 years old, “Barry,” as he was known, arrived in Nairobi for the first time. He was on a journey of self-discovery to learn more about his heritage and his father, who was Kenyan.

But when his commercial flight landed in an empty airport, he felt “tired” and “abandoned," Obama wrote in his memoir, "Dreams From My Father." A gate agent informed him that the airline had misplaced his bags. And his half-sister, Auma, and Aunt Zeituni picked him up in a beat-up, baby-blue Volkswagen Beetle with a missing muffler.

Fast forward 27 years, and Obama will be arriving on Air Force One and riding around in a heavily armored limousine. This time, he is packed with plenty of staffers, surrounded by security and awaited by Kenya’s president and the rest of the country.

From Family Pilgrimage to Official Business

In “Dreams From My Father,” Obama described drifting through the streets of Nairobi, visiting slums, and going out dancing and drinking. It was a picture of a young man at a pivotal moment in his life, freely wandering through his father’s homeland. He has prolonged, deeply personal conversations with family members and travels extensively around the country.

Even on his 2006 visit to Kenya, when he was greeted with much fanfare and celebrity, then-Sen. Obama was able to move around relatively freely, from cities to villages and through large crowds. He visited his father’s grave and his grandmother’s tin-roof house.

This weekend, it’s strictly business. The first family is not coming with the president, and his schedule is packed with meetings, conferences and state dinners.

From Wandering Tourist to Security Lockdown

Obama will be on a tight schedule during the visit. There will be no village visit. He doesn’t even plan to leave the capital during his whole stay. There's talk that family members will come to him, meeting him before his major speech Sunday or at the hotel, at some point. But there’s also a good chance he won’t see any of them.

“Visiting Kenya as a private citizen is probably more meaningful to me than visiting as president because I can actually go outside of the hotel room or a conference center,” he said in a July 15 news conference at the White House. “And just the logistics of visiting a place are always tough as president, but it’s obviously symbolically important.”