-- ABC News' Michael Koenigs is cycling 1,000 miles across America to cover the presidential debates. Along the way, he’ll be interviewing politicians, pundits and voters about the major issues of the 2016 election.
How Some Chicagoans Are Trying to End the City's Cycle of Gun Violence
As the presidential candidates debate the cycle of crime in America, we decided to visit one of Chicago's neighborhoods hardest hit by violence -- Austin.
Over the past year, the murder rate in the U.S. has surged by 11 percent, the highest spike in nearly half a century. More than 3,000 people have been shoot and 500 murdered in Chicago alone as of late September -- surpassing the city’s total for all of 2015.
Chicago, the nation’s third-largest city, has endured more homicides this year than the more populous cities of Los Angeles and New York combined.
Clifton “Booney” McFowler served 27 years in prison for a gang-related murder before returning to his neighborhood in Austin, Chicago, with hopes of steering kids away from his previous path. He joined an organization called BUILD that seeks to stem the bloodshed by offering positive programming to kids -- ranging from flag-football to afternoon bike rides.
McFowler and the program's director, Adam Alonso, admit that it’s challenging to combat crime with limited resources, but they’re making progress with a core group of participants who regularly attend BUILD’s after-school programs.
“A majority of kids in the community come to us because we’re all they have in south Austin. There’s nothing else over there but BUILD. We can offer them opportunities other than gang-banging,” McFowler said.
In response to Donald Trump’s remarks about black and Hispanic people in inner cities “living in hell,” McFowler said, “I’d say to Donald Trump to put some of that money that he didn’t give, to pay his taxes so we can have the resources in my community. So we can thrive like the rest of the communities in America."
From Pedaling to Politics: Meet a Bicycle Shop Owner-Turned-Mayor
Mayor Chris Koos of Normal, Illinois, rarely walks to work. When he's not running the town as mayor, he's running a bicycle shop just a few blocks from city hall.
Koos started his cycling business nearly 36 years ago, long before he ran as a candidate in his first election 13 years ago.
As mayor of Normal, population 54,000, Koos is able to split his time between city hall and Vitesse Cycle Shop.
"Having that duality of roles here, being mayor and being a small business owner, I understand what small businesses need," said Koos.
On city council and later as mayor, he helped to develop a network of 43 miles of paved bicycle trails throughout the city.
"I always joke that I'm the only normal mayor in the United States," Koos said.
He's also likely the only major in the U.S. who also runs a bicycle shop
A Ride Through America's Corn Country
The United States is known as the "corn capital of the world," and I understood why after cycling past thousands of rows of corn growing in central Illinois.
More than 94 million acres in the U.S. is devoted to growing corn, an increase of 7 percent over last year, according to the latest report from the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
But, while global demand for ethanol and other corn products has increased, advances in harvesting and seeding technology have outpaced these demands, leaving many corn farmers with losses in recent years.
Corn prices have fallen to a seven-year low, and at the end of this harvest season, many farmers' corn storage bins will be full. Overall, total U.S. farm income is expected to fall to $71.5 billion in 2016, which would be down 12 percent from the previous year and would mark a third consecutive year of decline and the lowest level since 2009.
I pedaled along the historic Route 66 highway in central Illinois, then took a detour at McLean County where I stopped to meet a fourth-generation farmer named Brian Loeffler who is in the middle of corn harvest season.
Loeffler invited us to hitch a ride on his massive corn combine to see up close what the harvest looks like this year and to talk about how the nation's political landscape might impact his livelihood.
Real Reactions: Saint Louis Bar Patrons Analyze 2nd Debate
Moments after the second presidential debate concluded at Washington University on Sunday, I pedaled a few blocks away to Blueberry Hill to hear how regulars reacted to the political rhetoric.
Established in 1972 and located on the Delmar Loop, Blueberry Hill served as a second home to Chuck Berry, who has performed over 200 concerts in its basement venue. Saint Louis locals gather here not only to hear classic rock, but also compete at darts, table hockey and pinball.
'Election Cycle': A Journey Across AmericaAtlantic City Beachgoers Talk About Trump’s Legacy as a Casino OwnerOn Sunday night, many patrons had strong reactions to the political debate happening just down the street. While the city of Saint Louis leans Democratic, the state of Missouri has tipped toward the Republican nominee Donald Trump, according to ABC News’ latest electoral ratings.
The state has gone blue only twice in the last four decades -- both times for Bill Clinton, in 1992 and 1996. Mitt Romney won the state by 10 percentage points in 2012. During this election cycle, Hillary Clinton’s campaign has not invested significant time or political advertising in the state.
We asked voters about their favorite moments from the second debate and their views on the two candidates.
Election Cycle Stage 1: On the Road to the First Debate
It’s hard to say which candidate had the home court advantage at Hofstra University on Long Island, New York, on Monday night. Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump's campaign headquarters are both located less than 35 miles away from Hofstra’s Macek Sports Complex. Both made the comfortable commute in black SUVs, while I pedaled in pursuit of the politicians.
Fortunately, the bike paths were not nearly as crowded as the Long Island streets, many of which were closed to motorized vehicles for security reasons. We made pit stops at Trump Tower and the United Nations headquarters in Manhattan, and Donald Trump’s boyhood homes in Jamaica Estates, Queens.
In June 1946, Mr. and Mrs. Trump brought their newborn son home to a Tudor-style home placed on the market earlier this year for $1.65 million. After six months on the market, the owner has agreed to auction the home starting at $849,000. The real estate agent described it as a “huge deal,” mimicking Trump’s rhetoric.
The students of Hofstra were excited to be hosting the most-watched television debate in recent history. Over 100 million people are estimated to have tuned into the event, nearly 40 million more than those who watched the 2012 presidential debate between Barack Obama and Mitt Romney, also hosted on Hofstra’s campus.
Atlantic City Beachgoers Talk About Trump’s Legacy as a Casino Owner
Atlantic City may be talked about more on the campaign trail than on reality shows. But, Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton have different narratives about Trump’s legacy on the boardwalk.
In a speech earlier this summer, Clinton used the backdrop of Trump’s failed casino, Trump Plaza, for a speech slamming the GOP nominee for "shameful" mismanagement.
And, in another speech in Detroit, she joked, "How can anybody lose money running a casino?"
After Trump Plaza opened in 1984, Trump eventually filed four business bankruptcies related to his casino holdings in Atlantic City. He filed for bankruptcy on the Taj Mahal in 1991, Trump Castle Associates in 1992, Trump Hotel Casino Resorts in 2004 and Trump Entertainment Resorts in 2009.
But Trump contended in previous debates that he never personally went bankrupt and tweeted, "I made a lot of money in Atlantic City and left 7 years ago, great timing (as all know). Pols made big mistakes, now many bankruptcies."
While the politicians dispute Trump’s impact on Atlantic City, ABC News asked locals and voters who were visiting the area for their views on both candidates.
Dr. Donald Trump Offers a Political Prognosis Different From His Namesake's
While Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump lives in a three-story penthouse apartment in Manhattan, Dr. Donald Trump lives in a one-story house in Oakton, Virginia.
Dr. Trump drives a Subaru to work in nearby Fairfax, where he serves as the director of the Inova Schar Cancer Institute.
A bit younger than the 70-year-old candidate, Dr. Trump, 68, has endured comparisons to the real estate developer and TV show personality for much of his adult life.
“I have dealt with the smiles and the chuckles and the, ‘Oh, you’re really not Donald Trump’ for a long time, but it’s obviously gotten more intense in the last year," he said.
They are not related.
Dr. Trump pursued a career in medicine specializing in genitourinary cancers (the urinary and male genital tract) and now runs a prestigious not-for-profit cancer research center. In that executive-level position, Dr. Trump also had to fire some employees.
“It’s the hardest thing I’ve done,” Dr. Trump said.
Not only do the two Trumps diverge professionally, they also have different political views.
“I believe the country is doing better than the Republicans contend that it is,” Dr. Trump said. “I think that Bernie Sanders’ influence on the Democratic Party is positive, and I’m cautiously optimistic that Hillary Clinton will succeed Barack Obama."
From Battlefields to Farm Fields: Military Veterans Training to Become Organic Farmers
As I rode around the Rodale Institute’s farm on my iron donkey, a.k.a. my bicycle, I came across two real-life donkeys named Erwin and Mr. Tugs. Instead of pulling plows, they were relaxing beneath a shady tree. It was the first sign that I was on an organic farm.
The Rodale Institute operates the most idyllic farms I’d seen during my 500-mile journey from Cleveland to Philadelphia. It contained a colorful medicinal garden, piglets born just days before my arrival, and bumble bees that never tried to sting me.
But some of the gentlest inhabitants of the farm were the people who worked there -- U.S. military veterans who were transitioning into more peaceable careers.
Jeremiah Gorske had served in the 82nd Airborne Division before he started taking organic farming classes at the Rodale Institute earlier this year. He, like a handful of other veteran trainees at the Rodale Institute, hope to eventually manage small farms or cultivate local growing in their communities across America.
The veterans are able to utilize the GI Bill for tuition and also receive a housing allowance through the VA while attending classes on the farm. They learn various organic farming practices ranging from beet cultivation to poultry farming.
Some, like U.S. Navy veteran Carla Waddoups, love farm animals so much that they treat them as pets. Carla brings her small goat named George Washington with her every day to work simply to keep her company.
The Rodale Institute is one of a small number of organizations training former soldiers to use tractors instead of heavy military equipment -- others include the Farmer Veteran Coalition, Troops to Tractors, and Ground Operations.
These programs seek to address potential shortages in the number of farmers due to a continuing wave of retirements. Nearly 20 percent of farms in the U.S. are operated by farmers over the age of 65 and most of them are expected to retire within the next decade.
The farming classes might also provide new skills for those veterans still searching for meaningful employment. According to the latest unemployment data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the jobless rate for U.S. veterans is at 4.6 percent, a decline from a year earlier and slightly lower than the overall U.S. employment rate of 5.5 percent.
During our cycling tour of the 333-acre farm, Gorske seemed thrilled about his new career choice.
"I’m outside all day, every day in this beautiful place with beautiful people getting to do work that truly matters," Gorske said.
'Election Cycle' Smackdown: Brawl Under the Bridge
As I biked along the train tracks of Homestead, Pennsylvania, I heard a crowd cheering beneath the High Level Bridge. Earlier in the day, I had spoken to a local bar owner named Jerry who recommended the event. Unlike at the RNC and DNC, no press credentials were required for this smackdown.
Security and ticketing was also lax. A man smoking an old-fashion tobacco pipe allowed me to enter without any hassle whatsoever, a nice change after four days of daily security pat-downs and metal detectors at the RNC in Cleveland. Tickets cost $5, but they waived my fee.
Jerry found me moments after I entered and began promoting the ring fights with the same gusto as Don King.
“We got the kids, we got the grown-ups, we got everything you could possibly think of for a frinkin’ wrestling match under the bridge,” Jerry said.
After pushing through a crowd of about 300 people, I found myself standing ringside at a tag-team match featuring Nikolai Volkoff, 68. Volkoff is apparently a legend in the professional wrestling world, where he often performed as a villainous Russian despite his Croatian origins.
I polled Volkoff about the presidential election after his own victory and he declared his allegiance to Donald Trump. “Hillary for jail,” Volkoff said.
Nearby stood the mayor of Homestead, Betty Esper. Mayor Esper, 82, was about three feet shorter than Volkoff, but her personality was just as large. Esper has served as the town’s mayor since 1990. This was her second year attending “Brawl Under the Bridge.” Last year, she said she picked a fight with a wrestler but “he was too chicken.”
“I’ve always been a Hillary fan. With all the negatives about her, she has the brains to run this country,” Mayor Esper said. She had fighting words for Donald Trump, “He’s a phony.”
During a lull in the match, the announcer invited me to jump into the ring to take an informal survey of the crowd. Both Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton received equally loud boos. My survey was cut short when the “Face of Pittsburgh” leaped onto the platform and declared himself as a third-party presidential candidate.
The fighting continued and escalated until the ultimate “Ambulance Match” at around 10 p.m. The loser left in a ambulance. Representatives for the Keystone State Wrestling Alliance (KSWA) said they look forward to hosting “Brawl Under the Bridge III” next summer. I’ll be there.
'Election Cycle' Hitches a Ride With the 'Nuns on the Bus' on Route to the DNC
Koenigs was on route to the DNC today when his prayers for a break from the hot sun were answered by a bus of nuns.
A group of Catholic nuns who are taking a bus across the country to raise awareness about economic and social inequality in the U.S. spotted Koenigs cycling in the hot, humid weather. Like Koenigs, the nuns were traveling from the GOP convention to the Democratic National Convention and offered him a ride for part of the way along with some of their views on the 2016 election.
"We’re taking our message to both conventions that we the people need to heal, and that means talking to each other, not yelling at each other,” said Sister Simone Campbell, the tour's leader and executive director of NETWORK, the Catholic lobbying group sponsoring the trip. “In both parties, there’s division and polarization."
While Republicans struggle to unite in support of a Donald Trump presidency, Bernie Sanders supporters are fuming over internal Democratic National Committee emails released by WikiLeaks that appear to show party officials strategizing on how to impede the Vermont senator's primary campaign against Hillary Clinton.
The nuns believe their message about inequality transcends politics.
“We know that right now in our nation things are being torn apart by politicization,” Campbell told Koenigs. “We’re on the road to say 'we’re better than that, we can come together,' and what better group to give that message than a group of Catholic sisters?”
Campbell and her fellow nuns deliberately left their religious garb and headpieces at home for their journey.
“We know that in order to be with the people at the margins, we need to look more like them. We need to not be intimidating,” Campbell said.
Their aim is to raise awareness about income and wealth inequality in America and to call on elected officials and candidates to address the gaps.
“Our people in the middle class and at the bottom, they’re struggling,” Campbell told Koenigs. “People don’t know that, and so what we have to do is have conversations across those divides.”
When it comes to religion and politics, the Catholic sister said she thinks the two should mix. Clinton and Sanders have downplayed their religious backgrounds on the campaign trail while Trump has made clear that the Bible is his favorite book.
Campbell said she prefers for candidates to show their religious values through action rather than words.
“I wish there’d been a follow-up question to ask [Trump] about a book in the Bible that he really likes and see what would happen,” Campbell laughed. “It strikes me that he [Trump] wants to be so liked and wants to be the star of everything. It worries me that he’s that eager that he would just say what he thinks needs to be said regardless of where he comes from on the inside.”
Campbell said she would rather see candidates' "religious values in action. That’s what I look for, and I think most Catholics do too.”
Pirates & Politics: ‘Election Cycle’ Takes a Survey in the Baseball Stands
Pedaling From Trump's Podium to Hillary's: Starting Line 'Election Cycle' Speech
The Republican National Convention came to a conclusion on Thursday night, after Donald Trump took to the stage to deliver his speech as the Republican presidential nominee.
So with the end of the GOP convention, it's on to the next one. Over the next few days, I'll bike from the Rock and Roll Capital to the City of Brotherly Love for the Democratic National Convention. From the Wells Fargo Center in South Philly, Hillary Clinton will deliver remarks on the final night of the convention to delegates and supporters.
'Captain America' in Turban Discusses RNC Experience in 'Election Cycle' Interview
While Republican delegates and Republican Party leaders were inside the Quicken Loans arena for the convention, a number of people were gathered outside the Q protesting or showing support.
One cartoonist from New York City, Vishavjit Singh, is dressed as the superhero “Captain America" to start a dialogue on preconceptions about race.
He says his message is of "peace and tolerance."
"My message is really of peace and tolerance and let's start having conversations. That's the key. Because if you judge people, you don't talk to them. My hope is, 'Hey you know what let's start conversations.'"
He argues that his "alter-ego" as Captain America and wearing the red, white and blue superhero suit allows him to be seen in a different light, although he still keeps on his turban and has a beard.
"A lot of times people have a lot of distorted perceptions about turban-bearded people," he said. "So just letting that fear melt away. Captain America powers come in. Start conversations."
Over the past few months, he's felt an increase in hostility toward people who look like him.
"[Trump's] message and the rhetoric that he's been using, and a lot of the underlying racism that's bubbling up, I feel it. I've sensed over the past few months, people have been more emboldened, telling me where to go, calling me names," he said.
Expecting to be met with some animosity at the RNC, he admits he was surprised to find that people, regardless of their political affiliation and beliefs, have treated him rather well.
"It's been quite amazing. People have been just great. A lot of conversations happening," he said. "We might be disagreeing with each other, but it’s been really smooth. It’s been quite surprisingly smooth.
"The city of Cleveland has been very welcoming and everybody that's here. I'm engaging with a lot of Republicans, a lot of Democrats as well, and they've just been loving," he said, adding, "I haven't really felt the animosity towards me."
Top-Selling Republican Convention Swag in 'Election Cycle' Interview
At the Republican National Convention, there was no shortage of merchandise you could purchase with the American flag or Donald Trump on it. Outside the Quicken Loans Arena, home of the 2016 NBA Champion Cleveland Cavaliers, the top selling shirt for one vendor is one that reads "Blue Lives Matter." Mainly conservatives have embraced the message as one that shows support for law enforcement.
Another vendor on E. 4th street said he spent $50,000 on his merchandise and travel to the RNC, but had only made $5,000 in sales by the final day because delegates were less interest in Trump shirts and pins than he had anticipated.
"I've got all my money invested in this. I guess I've got to go home and tell the wife and kids that we've got to move out," said the vendor. "It's the worst I've ever seen it. Trump events are [usually] unbelievable."
He had set up shop at 42 previous Trump rallies.
Bike Barricades: Using Cycles for Crowd Control at RNC 2016?
Only minutes after a protester lit a flag on fire outside the security gate of the GOP convention, over a hundred bicycle police stormed into the area. They used the metal frames of the cycles as temporary barricades against the crowd of protesters and media.
It was the most dramatic confrontation seen this week. Seventeen protesters were arrested Wednesday afternoon during an attempted flag-burning. Most were charged with inciting to violence, while two were charged with assaulting an officer.
Bicycle police emerged as the primary means of containing the nearby crowds. Here in Cleveland, two wheels have largely replaced four-legged horses as the first line of defense against street mobs.
Nearly 200 police officers pedal around the perimeter of the Quicken Loans Arena in search of unusual activity and unruly crowds. About half of this force was brought from other cities just for the convention.
They use a series of carefully coordinated tactics to create temporary bicycle barricades, cutting off rowdy crowds and isolating those inciting violence.
In less than an hour, the crowds had largely dispersed. These bicycle patrols will remain at the ready, patrolling for any major protests before Donald Trump’s speech planned for tonight.
Assembly Required: Constructing the RNC and ‘Election Cycle’
'Let’s Make America Great Again' Song Repeats Trump's Name 311 Times
Martin didn't want to pitch a real estate deal or political strategy; he wanted to sing. As a jazz vocalist from Long Island, Martin took an hour long train into Manhattan to pitch what he hopes will become Trump’s theme song for the 2016 Republican Convention. He came to serenade The Donald from the foot of his Tower.
Unfortunately for Martin, Trump was out of town.
But perhaps it's Trump's loss. Martin recognizes that no sound is sweeter to Trump than the sound of Trump's own name. The word "Trump" is repeated 311 times in the course of the three-minute song entitled "Let's Make America Great Again." The song shares Trump's rhetorical knack for repetition and includes only one phrase in its chorus: "Let's Make America Great Again."
With the Republican Convention less than a week away, Martin says he managed to talk to a Trump campaign staffer while waiting in line for a coffee in Trump Tower's Starbucks. He emailed the song to the staffer, but has not yet heard back from the campaign.
"I want this to be the song that Trump walks out to when he goes to make his big speech," Martin said.
Even if Martin's song doesn’t make the convention stage, he'll be performing with his jazz band, Freddy Martin & the Martinis, at New York weddings and corporate events throughout the summer.
Pedaling Politicians: The 'Election Cycle' Ahead
He was just one of a number of U.S. presidents who viewed pedaling as more than just a pastime.
I'm planning to bike 500 miles from the Republican Convention in Cleveland to the Democratic Convention in Philadelphia. Along the way, I'll pedal with politicians and the people who can put them into office. I'll hit the brakes frequently to hear what struggling students, farmers, teachers, small business owners and others have to say about the issues confronting them.
As I pedal through America's streets and fields, I hope to gain a better understanding of the problems facing our country and what path ahead might have the least number of potholes.
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