The White House has said President Obama would veto both bills.
The first bill, from Rep. Diane Black, R-Tennessee, would freeze federal funding to Planned Parenthood for a year while Congress continues investigating the organization. It passed in a party line vote, with 241 yeas, 187 nays, and 1 present vote.
"This is about ensuring that laws are followed, that American know how their money is being spent," Black said on the House floor.
The House also passed a measure, from Rep. Trent Franks, R-Arizona, that would strengthen criminal penalties for doctors who refuse to treat babies that survive abortions.
But the elephant in the chamber is the coming deadline to fund the government.
Congress has until Sept. 30 to pass government funding. GOP leaders have just begun negotiations with Democratic leadership about a short-term measure and longer-term budget goals.
House Republican leadership is hard at work on how to square that circle, but have not yet announced an official strategy.
Planned Parenthood receives roughly $500 million annually in federal funding -- only a portion of which would be cut off in a continuing resolution to fund the government. Republicans want to divert funding to community health organizations, which Democrats say are already overwhelmed.