Trump's behavior toward military 'disturbing': Retired Gen. Stanley McChrystal

McChrystal spoke to the "Powerhouse Politics" podcast.

“What are we to make of a leader that speaks the way he does about very highly-regarded military leaders in this country? Adm. McRaven obviously is the most recent example,” Karl asked.

“His discussions on Bill McRaven, as well as his previous discussions on John McCain and others have been something that’s deeply disturbing to a lot of thoughtful people,” McChrystal said. “The fact that he would take on people in this vitriolic manner, I think is pretty upsetting to people.

“And the fact that he would be dismissive of the kinds of service that people like John McCain and others have given is also disturbing ... I don’t think it builds up the kind of trust that military people depend upon.”

Trump recently bragged that no one has been more “with” the military, including vets, than he has, namely in terms of funding. McChrystal said he disagrees.

“That’s not the best metric of whether you support the military. The size of the defense budget is not a measure of patriotism or connection with those in service,” McChrystal said. “I don’t think that President Trump has developed as deep -- a real connection of trust -- with the military as perhaps he thinks he has.”

The retired general also criticized the Trump administration’s handling of the situation at the U.S.-Mexico border.

“Obviously the military do as ordered, but I think we have taken this particular situation and we have used images and mental images ... to convince a lot of the American people that we have an invasion of our southern border,” McChrystal said. “I think we have inflamed this in a way that is not helpful. And so I think that is a manipulation that I’m not comfortable with.”

His new book, “Leaders: Myth and Reality,” studies thirteen prominent figures throughout history, from Walt Disney to Robert E. Lee, and how their situations and leadership styles drove them to success. McChrystal dedicated his book to Sens. John Lewis and John McCain.

Klein asked McChrystal if any parallels could be drawn between those leaders and Trump.

“Trump, he’s a populist by nature. He communicates to inflame and stimulate thinking and passions and people and that’s not a new thing. We’ve seen that in various leaders around the world,” McChrystal said. “It usually doesn’t end well, whether they are domestic politicians like Joe McCarthy or others who have simplified things and inflamed people. So there’s a cautionary tale in this.”

McChrystal warned against putting too much responsibility on Trump’s shoulders.

“There is no leadership without followers. We need to look in the mirror and decide ‘OK, what leaders do we want? What leaders are we willing to follow?’ and when we ask ourselves that question, it can bring up some pretty disturbing questions for us,” McChrystal said.

The notion that leaders are a reflection of the population is one of the central arguments in McChrystal's book. American attitudes are reflected in whom they elect, displayed in Trump's 2016 election and in the Democrats' success in the House midterm elections. He said the rise of Trump was natural, but warned of the responsibility that comes with drawing so heavily on the unhappiness of Americans.

Klein asked if after doing this research he felt more or less optimistic about where things stand today and if an individual leader could change the course of the country.

“We looked hard at it, because I think as a crisis of leadership in America, it’s not on one person. It’s not on President Trump or anyone else,” he said. "I think leaders have got to make us better than we would otherwise be. They’re not the people who pulled the petty side out of us, the darker part of us ... they’re the people who help us see where we ought to go."

Every Wednesday, ABC Radio and iTunes bring you the Powerhouse Politics Podcast which includes headliner interviews and in-depth looks at the people and events shaping U.S. politics. Hosted by ABC News’ Chief White House Correspondent Jonathan Karl and ABC News Political Director Rick Klein.