Olympics: U.S. vs. China: The New Cold War

Ye Shiwen's eye-opening performance raises suspicions of doping.

ByABC News
July 31, 2012, 3:56 PM

LONDON, July 31, 2012 -- Is China the new Soviet Union at the Olympics? It sure is looking like it today.

At the center of this new Cold War is Ye Shiwen, a 16-year-old Chinese swimmer who came from fourth place today to win gold in the 200 meter individual medley and snagged gold on Saturday in the 400 meter individual medley.

In her race Saturday, Ye shattered the world record by more than a second and knocked five second seconds off her personal best in the final 50 meters of the race. She was even faster in that last lap than American medal winner Ryan Lochte in the men's race.

More than a few eyebrows were raised and commentators watching the race called it "unbelievable." But John Leonard, head of the American Swimming Coaches Association went a big step further saying her race "was reminiscent of some old East German swimmer."

Call that the Olympic equivalent of a nuclear warhead.

Anyone old enough to remember Soviet and East German competitors at the Olympics will remember the hulking bodies of their athletes in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s and the doping scandals that constantly discredited them.

Leonard was very clearly accusing Ye of taking some form of performance-enhancing drugs.

"History in our sport will tell you that every time we see something, and I put quotation marks around this, 'unbelievable,' history shows us that it turns out later on there was doping involved," Leonard told the Guardian newspaper here in London.

Adding to the tension is China's domination of the gold medal count in the opening days of these XXX Olympic Games. The United States has been a distant second.

If Leonard's comments were a figurative nuclear bomb, they response from the Chinese was, well, ballistic.

"If there are suspicions, then please lay them out using facts and data," Xu Qi, head of the Chinese swimming team told the state news agency Xinhua. "Don't use your own suspicions to knock down others. This shows lack of respect for athletes and for Chinese swimming."

Today, the final world from Olympic officials cleared the Chinese swimmer's name.

"She's clean. That's the end of the story," said Colin Moynihan, chairman of the British Olympic Association reporting on the results of official drug tests.

Chinese officials point to her expensive training to explain her explosive times and her physical growth. When she won the Asian Games at 14, she was just over 5' 2" -- she's grown four inches since.

Though she is still smaller than other swimmers at 5-foot-7 and 141 pounds, Ye is known for her large hands and feet.

"My results come from hard work and training," Ye told the China News Service Monday night. "The Chinese people have clean hands."

Of course, there is good reason to be wary of Chinese athletes who shatter world records. China was plagued by a series of drug-related scandals in the 1990s. Seven Chinese swimmers tested positive for banned substances at the Asian Games in 1994 and in 1998 four more Chinese swimmers failed drug tests before the World Championships in Australia. A swimmer and her coach were expelled after being caught with a cache of growth hormones at the airport in Sydney.

That's all history now, say the Chinese, who insist they have cleaned up the sport and invested heavily in rigorous drug testing. Yet just last month 16-year-old swimmer Li Zhesi was dropped from the Chinese Olympic team.

To some that might suggest the Chinese really are cleaning up the sport, but to others it is evidence that they continue to cheat.