Hawking: Manned Mars Probe by 2025

Famous astrophysicist says a rededication to space exploration must be priority.

ByABC News
April 21, 2008, 6:45 PM

April 21, 2008— -- "What is the justification for spending all that effort and money on getting a few lumps of moon rock?"

Astrophysicist Stephen Hawking asked this question at a lecture celebrating NASA's 50th anniversary at George Washington University on Monday.

Known for his pioneering work on black holes, the University of Cambridge professor certainly believes humans should go into space. Hawking suggested the moon and Mars as the first places for human colonies.

"If the human race is to continue for another million years, we will probably have to go where nobody has gone before," said Hawking.

Hawking floated weightless on a zero-gravity jet last year, even though he has the paralyzing disease, ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig's disease. He can only make small facial expressions that control a computer attached to his wheelchair. Hawking speaks through a synthesized voice by picking his words from a computer screen.

But his physical limitations have not stopped Hawking from talking about space. During the lecture, he compared space travel to Christopher Columbus' exploration and discovery of the New World.

"Spreading out into space will have an even greater effect," said Hawking. "It will completely change the future of the human race and maybe determine whether we have any future at all."

He proposed the world adopt a long-term plan to get humans into space, even if it takes hundreds or even thousands of years. He suggested goals that include a base on the moon by 2020 and a man landing on Mars by 2025.

"There will be those who will argue that it would be better to spend our money solving the problems of this planet, like climate change and pollution, rather than possibly wasting it on a fruitless search for a new planet," said Hawking. "But we can do that and still spare a quarter of a percent of world GDP for space. Isn't our future worth a quarter of a percent?"