Faith-based investment funds struggled for years to gain attention as a viable alternative to traditional funds. Investors worried about losing financial returns and didn't always understand what faith had to do with money.
In the wake of the financial crisis, faith-based investing has found new fans. Experts say there has been a surge in demand for investment products that adhere to certain religious values and a growth in the options available to investors.
Putting Faith in Mutual Funds
"People are getting back to their roots," says Jay Peroni, a financial advisor and author of "The Faith-Based Millionaire," arguing that Americans who were burned by corruption during the financial crisis have lost some faith in traditional finance. "They're looking at what's important to them, and the most important thing to many of them is their values."
Faith-based investing has been around for years. The term describes the many ways that people can put their money to work without violating their religious beliefs, by avoiding companies involved in abortion, say, or gambling.
Faith-based investors typically have two mainstream choices: mutual funds and exchange traded funds. Mutual funds make up the biggest bucket, with more than $28 billion of assets under management. Only one company, FaithShares, currently offers ETFs.
David Kathman, a mutual fund analyst at Morningstar Research, says faith-based investors shouldn't worry about losing returns. While investing theory states that restricting one's portfolio leads underperformance because the investor is losing diversification, in practice, faith-based screenings don't make a financial difference either way.
"In practice, other factors have a lot more to do with returns, such as the cost of the fund or the manager's skill," he says.
Faith-based screenings, however, do make a big difference to investors who want to invest in a way that agrees with their religious beliefs.
Luckily for religious investors, there are investment options for a wide variety of religious beliefs. With help from Morningstar Research data, we have compiled five popular options.
Amana Mutual Funds Trust
Assets Under Management: $2.7 billion
Five-Year Average Annualized Return: 6.76 percent
Top Holdings: Apple, PepsiCo, Johnson & Johnson
Profile: Invests according to Islamic principles, which means its funds avoid earning interest -- or investing in companies that do, such as banks -- as well as companies involved in liquor, pornography and gambling.
GuideStone Financial Resources
Assets Under Management: $10.4 billion
Five-Year Average Annualized Return: 2.42 percent
Top Holdings: Apple, JP Morgan Chase, Google
Profile: The company follows general Christian principles and avoids companies that are involved in liquor, gambling, pornography and abortion.
Assets Under Management: $1.4 billion
Five-Year Average Annualized Return: -0.23 percent
Top Holdings: Microsoft, Bank of America, Apple
Profile: Part of the Presbyterian Foundation Group, the funds invest according to Presbyterian principles. The funds avoid companies involved in gambling, alcohol and firearms, and evaluates companies based on how they treat employees and interact with communities, and their environmental record.
Assets Under Management: $610 million
Five-Year Average Annualized Return: 2 percent
Profile: Part of the Mennonite Church USA, MMA invests according to Anabaptist principles. It focuses on the sanctity of life and human rights, and avoids companies involved with alcohol, gambling, tobacco, abortion-related products and military activities.
FaithShares Exchange Traded Funds
Assets Under Management: $10 million
Average Annualized Return Since Inception: 4.8 percent (the fund has only been operating since December 2009.)
Top Holdings: US Bancorp, M&T Bank, Biogen Idec
Investing Criteria: The firm offers funds that reflect five Christian denominations: Baptist, Catholic, Christian, Lutheran and Methodist. Depending on the particular fund, the firm screens for abortion, alcohol, contraceptives, firearms, gambling, nuclear power, stem-cell research, tobacco, and social and corporate governance criteria.