FDA Panel: Avandia Should Remain on Market

A panel of outside experts recommended to the FDA on Monday afternoon that the diabetes drug Avandia should be kept on the market, despite concern over its heart risks.

Though 20 of the 23 panelists agreed that use of the drug increased heart risks for those with diabetes, 22 out of 23 said that the balance between the drugs benefits and risks supported its continued use in the United States.

But nearly all the panelists agreed that the drug's warning label should be strengthened to reflect its potential risks.

Dr. Scott Gottlieb, a resident fellow at the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research and former Deputy Commissioner for Medical and Scientific Affairs for the FDA, said the panel's recommendation in light of the evidence at hand was the proper move.

"Putting additional warnings on the drug label is prudent, given the suggestion that there is an increased risk with this drug," he said. "But it will take additional studies to establish that risk, and so the advisory committee I believe prudently called for additional research."

However, not all agreed that the panel's decision made sense.

"I find the panel's voting confusing and strange," said ABC News Medical Editor Dr. Tim Johnson.

"If you really believe that Avandia increases the risk for a heart attack -- as they voted -- then why would you keep the drug on the market given that there are other drugs available to lower blood sugar? We obviously need better data after drugs like Avandia are approved -- and the data in this case is still confusing."

One prominent FDA expert, Dr. David Graham -- one of the loudest voices calling for the withdrawal of the pain medicine Vioxx in 2004 -- said the drug, which is manufactured by GlaxoSmithKline and used by about 1 million Americans, should be pulled off the market.

But other physicians said the fears about the drug are thus far unsubstantiated and believe that removing it from the market may deprive diabetes patients of effective medication.

Concerns over the drug were first raised in May with an analysis showing a 43 percent increased risk of heart attack in those taking it.

In a hearing held last month, Rep. Henry Waxman, D-Calif., summarized the issue of whether to take Avandia off the market.

"Diabetes is a serious illness, and Avandia is an effective medication for lowering blood sugar," he said. "Sounding a false alarm about the dangers of the drug has the potential to cause serious harm to patients.

"On the other hand, there have been repeated warnings -- from the day of approval forward -- about the potential cardiac risks associated with Avandia. And these should not be ignored."

Avandia Prescriptions Down

Since the Avandia analysis was published, many doctors are wary and have decided not to write new prescriptions. Others say they are going so far as to take their patients who are already taking Avandia off of the drug.

According to the market research firm ImpactRx, Inc., new prescriptions of Avandia dropped from roughly 15 percent of the market before the study's announcement to below 5 percent now.

This means that in mid-May, about one out of every seven new prescriptions for an oral diabetes medication was for Avandia. Since then, this figure has tumbled to less than one in 20.

And the panel's recommendation may have little effect on some doctors' choices for their patients.

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