People Who Think They Stink May Have Mental Disorder 'Olfactory Reference Syndrome'

People with Olfactory Reference Syndrome feel they are the elephant man of body odor -- so repugnant to society that no one would ever want to stand near them never mind go on a date.

Often sufferers fall into depression and shut out the world because of their stench. But doctors say the stench is entirely in their head.

Instead of a glandular problem, these people actually suffer from Olfactory Reference Syndrome (ORS).

"A lot of them got to see GI doctors, surgeons, or dentists and dermatologists -- one patient in our study had their tonsils removed because they thought that their breath smelled so bad," said Dr. Katharine Phillips, a psychiatrist at Rhode Island Hospital and a professor of psychiatry at Brown University.

"More than one third of our patients received these types of treatments and in no case did the treatment help the ORS symptoms," she said.

Phillips presented a study on 20 people with ORS -- one of the few studies in the literature -- at the American Psychiatric Association meeting in New Orleans Tuesday.

She found the relatively unknown syndrome wrought havoc on people's lives. Sixty-eight percent of people with ORS) have thoughts of suicide, and 32 percent attempt it.

On average they spent three to eight hours a day obsessively thinking about their various odors that no one else can smell. Forty percent of people in the study spent at least a week housebound for fear that others could smell them.

The imagined source of the smell can come from almost anywhere, but most commonly 75 percent of people thought their stench came from bad breath. Sixty percent of people in the study thought body odor from their armpits would bother others, and 35 percent thought there were odors from their genitals.

Phillips said patients can be so delusional about the smell that they are often misdiagnosed as schizophrenic. Her study found 85 percent of the subjects had delusional beliefs that they had overpowering body or chemical odors. The fact that 15 percent of people had an idea that they really didn't smell convinces many that the problem is a mental one, not an extreme sensitivity to a specific odor.

Delusions About Body Odor Can be Devastating

"A delusional disorder is someone who has absolute conviction, they're 100 percent convinced that they are emitting an offensive body odor," said Jennifer Greenberg, a clinical research fellow at the OCD and related disorders program at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School.

While many delusional patients are treated with antipsychotics, Greenberg said, "What we are starting to think more about is that the disorder presents like disorders that are closer to obsessive compulsive disorder."

The patients who end up at specialized clinics such as Greenberg's, Phillips' and the OCD Center of Los Angeles often receive cognitive behavior therapy designed to retrain them to enter society and face their fears of reeking.

"Attempting to convince a person that they don't smell isn't going to produce great results," said Tom Corboy, a licensed marriage and family therapist and director of the OCD Center of Los Angeles.

Instead, Corboy said therapists might use a cognitive behavioral technique called "exposure and response prevention."

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