Bhutto's Mixed Legacy in India

For India, Benazir Bhutto was the Pakistani prime minister who once urged a crowd to cut an Indian governor into little pieces. But she was also the "daughter of democracy," a kindred spirit to India's own female leaders.

Today, she is being hailed in India for how she could have changed Pakistan. And she will now forever be linked with India's ill-fated political dynasty.

Her "intent to break Indo-Pak relations out of the sterile patterns of the past was exemplary," Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said after Bhutto died on Thursday when a suicide bomber shot her and blew himself up outside her car. "The manner of her going is a reminder of the common dangers that our region faces from cowardly acts of terrorism and of the need to eradicate this dangerous threat."

When Bhutto's political career began, India saw the canny and charismatic leader as a secular, liberal opportunity: a prime minister who might bring less religion and less militancy to the Indian-Pakistani dialogue.

But many say that's not what happened. "She was very directly responsible for the jihad, directly inciting terrorists to intensify terrorism in India," Ajai Sahni, the executive director of the New Delhi-based Institute for Conflict Management, told ABC News. "I would find it very difficult to find a single element with her relationship to India that is positive and for the betterment of her country or the region."

India and Pakistan have fought three wars since they were violently divided 60 years ago. Under Bhutto, the Taliban formed and, helped by Pakistan's intelligence service, swept across Afghanistan and later hosted Osama bin Laden. Her government helped foster anti-Indian terrorism in the disputed Kashmir region.

Today, In Sringar, the summer capital of Indian Kashmir, police fired tear gas at protestors who were shouting "Long Live Pakistan" and "Long Live Bhutto," Reuters reported. And in response to her death, the Indian government put its border troops on a higher state of alert and canceled the major bus and rail services to Pakistan, the Home Ministry announced.

But many analysts believe Bhutto's death will not have an immediate impact on India's security.

"The terrorism apparatus in Pakistan will remain as it is," Vikram Sood, the former head of India's External Intelligence Agency -- India's version of the CIA -- told ABC News. "Right now, they are more involved with the western front," where the Taliban controls a large swath of rugged territory along the border with Afghanistan. "But should the situation deteriorate further, one would fear a diversion" to India and Kashmir, Sood said.

"This may marginally accelerate the dynamic of violence and disintegration in Pakistan," Sahni said. "But, broadly you will have more of the same. More violence, more tendencies toward terrorism, and an aggravation of the Talibanization of Pakistan."

India has nurtured its relationship with the military regime in Pakistan with special attention to preventing Pakistani instability from spreading into Kashmir. The two countries have been in peace talks for three years, and attacks across the border have fallen significantly during that time.

"More practical steps have been taken for India and Pakistan in the last three years than have been taken in the last 50 years. … The relationship has never been as good as it's been the last few years," C. Raja Mohan, a professor at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, told ABC News.

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