Dogs train year-round to save lives in the Italian waters

Ferruccio Pilenga cannot imagine his life without his dog, Reef, an agile Newfoundland that he trained as a water rescue dog.

“The dog follows me everywhere,” he said. “She comes with [me] on vacation, to the restaurant, and stays in the hotel with me.”

PHOTO: Ferruccio Pilenga stands with his water rescue dog, Reef, a Newfoundland, in Genoa, Italy. Adam Rivera/ABC News
Ferruccio Pilenga stands with his water rescue dog, Reef, a Newfoundland, in Genoa, Italy.

Reef acts as a teacher with the training program that Pilenga runs through his Italian School for Rescue Dogs in Northern Italy that he started nearly 30 years ago.

“She’s a dog that has lots of will to work,” Simonetta Andreoli, Pilenga’s partner and Reef’s co-owner, said. “This is very good when we have to work in the water because she expresses all her potential in the water.”

PHOTO: Handler Simonetta Andreoli and an exercise participant pictured being towed by her dog Reef. Phoebe Natanson/ABC News
Handler Simonetta Andreoli and an exercise participant pictured being towed by her dog Reef.

Of all the breeds that could train to be a water rescue dog, Pilenga and Andreoli agree that there’s something special about Newfoundlands.

“The Newfoundland breed started as a water rescue dog,” Andreoli, who has been working with dogs for 17 years and noted that the dog was put on sailboats in ancient times, said. “This breed is meant to swim [because] its fur is waterproof and the shape of its whole body is really designed for swimming.”

PHOTO: Reef, a 3-year-old Newfoundland, helps teach other dogs how to perform water rescues alongside her owner, Ferruccio Pilenga, at the Italian School for Rescue Dogs.Adam Rivera/ABC News
Reef, a 3-year-old Newfoundland, helps teach other dogs how to perform water rescues alongside her owner, Ferruccio Pilenga, at the Italian School for Rescue Dogs.

Though the program is led by trainers, Reef demonstrates rescues for the younger dogs in the program.

“[The philosophy is to] have a dog with the rescue instinct and so when its owner goes into the water, it takes off and goes to save and bring back to shore,” Pilenga said. “This is guided by us obviously with training techniques.”

Owners bring their dogs to participate in the training with the hope of becoming licensed to rescue, but the training is “long, long work,” Pilenga said.

PHOTO: Dogs and their handlers practice regularly at the Italian School for Rescue Dogs outside of Milan, Italy. Adam Rivera/ABC News
Dogs and their handlers practice regularly at the Italian School for Rescue Dogs outside of Milan, Italy.

Training takes at least a year, and there's currently as many as 400 licensed dogs in Italy. Pilenga and Andreoli have trained other dogs in Germany and Switzerland as well.

“The dogs assist our operations during the summer months,” Fabio Moro, a first marshal harbor coachman who works for the Italian Coast Guard, said. “Rescue dogs help us keep these areas under control.”

Once licensed, owners and their dogs volunteer their time to stand watch on beaches.

PHOTO: Dog and handler pictured performing water rescue exercise in Genoa, Italy as part of training with the Italian School for Rescue Dogs.Phoebe Natanson/ABC News
Dog and handler pictured performing water rescue exercise in Genoa, Italy as part of training with the Italian School for Rescue Dogs.

“The fundamental thing is to use the strength of these dogs,” Pilenga said of the training. “It takes six dogs to pull a sleigh, but one dog can pull six people in the water.”

The trainers start with obedience training and recall. They also practice hooking the dogs up to a harness and pulling them up in the air in a technique called flying before practicing retrievals, which can go as far as letting the dog jump from a helicopter.

“When we go to carry out a rescue, we are a team,” Pilenga said about training. “So if I'm tired, I can rely on the dog... if the dog is tired, it can rely on me.”

PHOTO: Reef, a licensed water rescue dog, readies to jump into the water with handler Simonetta Andreoli to practice a rescue.Phoebe Natanson/ABC News
Reef, a licensed water rescue dog, readies to jump into the water with handler Simonetta Andreoli to practice a rescue.

They use what is called the dolphin system, which is when the handler holds on to the dog’s harness in the water.

Both swim out to the person in need, “but the big advantage is that in this way I save a lot of energy, I am not tired when I reach the person,” Pilenga said.

PHOTO: Handlers and their dogs pose after completing their rescue exercise in Genoa, ItalyAdam Rivera/ABC News
Handlers and their dogs pose after completing their rescue exercise in Genoa, Italy

Pilenga has dedicated his life to training dogs like Reef.

“The beauty of these dogs is what you do together with them," Pilenga said. "Every training exercise, every adventure, every trip, every rescue stays in my heart always."

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