By the end of the war, some black soldiers had risen to the rank of colonel in New England units.
During the battle of Saratoga, which many consider a turning point in the war, Arnold was a demon on the battle field, leading men in charges that were crucial to victory. Two horses were shot out from under him, the second one landing on him after Arnold was shot in the leg.
Historian Richard M. Ketchum writes in "Saratoga" that the crucial American victory "was won in part by his extraordinary bravery, magnetism and energy. ... He seemed to be everywhere when needed, flourishing his sword, leading men by example."