Subpoenas Issued in Merrill Lynch-Bank of America Merger

New York wants to know: Who knew about $4 billion in bonuses?

ByABC News
January 27, 2009, 1:58 PM

January 27, 2009— -- Former Merrill Lynch CEO John Thain has been subpoenaed by New York's Attorney General, as part of an inquiry into executive compensation. The move comes just five days after Thain resigned following disclosures that he doled out as much as $4 billion in bonuses a month ahead of schedule and on the eve of the troubled brokerage's acquisition by Bank of America.

"Today, as part of our ongoing inquiry into executive compensation issues at institutions who have received TARP funds, my Office issued subpoenas seeking the testimony of former Merrill Lynch CEO John Thain, as well as the testimony of Bank of America Chief Administrative Officer J. Steele Alphin," Attorney General Andrew Cuomo said today. "These subpoenas are part of an ongoing inquiry into billions of dollars in bonuses paid by Merrill Lynch late last year just days before Merrill was taken over by Bank of America."

Click here to see the letter sent to Bank of America.

The massive bonuses were doled out in advance of a corporate acquisition fueled in part by $20 billion in government bailout funds and negotiated by the government in an effort to save Merrill Lynch from collapse.

"The fact that Merrill Lynch appears to have moved up the timetable to pay bonuses before its merger with Bank of America is troubling to say the least and warrants further investigation," Cuomo said.

Cuomo's office said they wanted to bring both Thain and Alphin in under oath, since in their statements prior to the subpoenas, each said the other knew about the bonuses.

"We need to get to the bottom of that," said one Cuomo staffer. "And in addition, why were bonuses even given out in the first place since the firm had their worst fourth quarter ever, losing $15 billion."

Although no reason was given for Thain's resignation last week, a spokesman for Bank of America issued a statement at the time saying: "(BofA Chairman and CEO) Ken Lewis flew to New York today to talk to John Thain. And it was mutually agreed that his situation was not working out and he would resign." BofA also said that it had been aware of the bonuses prior to the merger and that, at the time, Merrill was a private company. Prior to the merger, BofA had already received $25 billion in federal funds.