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Better Business Bureau To Investigate its Own Los Angeles Chapter

L.A. BBB and its CEO accused of selling A grades for cash.

ByABC News
November 11, 2010, 3:46 PM

Nov. 22, 2010 — -- The Better Business Bureau says it will "launch an immediate investigation" into its biggest local chapter, the Los Angeles-area BBB, after an ABC News report revealed that the chapter sold memberships to non-existent businesses that immediately received A grades.

The L.A. BBB and its CEO, William Mitchell, have been blasted by critics over what they allege is a "pay for play" scheme in which A plus ratings are only given to business that pay an accreditation fee while F grades are routinely given to business that don't want to join. The probe could have repercussions for the rest of the nation's BBB chapters, however, since the L.A. chapter developed the controversial grading system that is now under fire nationally.

Steve Cox, CEO of the national Council of Better Business Bureaus, announced the probe of the L.A. BBB in a posting on the BBB web site Saturday . The L.A. probe was added to a previously announced list of actions the BBB said it planned to take in the wake of an ABC News investigation into its grading system, including no longer automatically awarding higher grades to businesses that pay for accreditation and conducting an "independent third party" review of its accrediting process.

"We are moving ahead with implementing changes right away," said Cox in a statement accompanying his post. "Some are immediate, others will take longer to complete. All will support our commitment to help consumers easily and quickly find trustworthy businesses."

The Los Angeles-area Better Business Bureau is by far the largest of the 108 BBB chapters in the U.S. and brings in the most revenue from membership fees. According to its 2009 tax filing, the L.A. BBB raked in over $6.2 million in accreditation fees in 2008 and paid longtime CEO Mitchell an annual salary of $409,490. Mitchell devised the letter grade system to replace the previous "satisfactory/unsatisfactory" BBB rating, and has been using it in Southern California for the past five years. His system was adopted nationwide by the Better Business Bureau in January 2009. In a deposition for a lawsuit in which the L.A. BBB was sued over its grading system, Mitchell testified that his office employed over 30 sales representatives who earned a 45 percent commission for selling first year memberships to business owners.

However, the letter grade system has led to considerable friction in the L.A. business community, with some claiming the BBB was in the business of selling grades for cash. As reported by 20/20, a group of Los Angeles business owners, determined to prove that the accreditation system was a sham, paid $425 apiece to buy BBB memberships for a number of fictitious firms, including one for a non-existent company called Hamas, named after the Middle East terror group. The bogus company listed L.A. BBB CEO Bill Mitchell as its president and gave a non-existent address for its headquarters. The L.A. BBB awarded a membership and an A minus rating to a non-existent sushi restaurant in Santa Ana, California and an A plus to a bogus firm named after Stormfront, a white supremacist group.

CLICK HERE to read about the Ross Unit's investigation of the Better Business Bureau, and CLICK HERE to watch the 20/20 report

The ABC News investigation also showed how two small Los Angeles businesses, with an ABC News producer and camera present, were told by BBB telemarketers that their C grades could be raised to an A plus if they paid to join the BBB. Terri Hartman, the manager of Liz's Antique Hardware, says she was told only a payment could change her grade, which was based on one old complaint that had already been resolved. After Hartman paid the $565 membership fee the next business day her C grade was replaced with an A plus and the one complaint was wiped off the record.

"The only way I was going to get that A was to give her my credit card number," said Hartman. "I feel it's not on the up and up and I feel that the Better Business Bureau deserves a C minus based on their own rating system."

In another case, Carmen Tellez, the owner of a company that provides clowns for parties, says she was also told she had to pay to raise her C minus grade, based on a two-year old complaint that she said had already been resolved. The C minus became an A plus the very next day after she provided her credit card for the $395 membership charge.

"If I'm paying for a grade, how is the customer supposed to trust the Better Business Bureau?" asked Tellez.

Mitchell declined to be interviewed for the 20/20 report and was unable to be reached for comment on the National BBB's decision to investigate his chapter. At the time of the 20/20 report, the head of the national BBB, Steve Cox, characterized the L.A. examples documented by ABC News as "anomalies" and said they were simply mistakes made by sales representatives."That's an inaccurate statement that business people are able to buy A's," Cox said. "We have more than 500,000 non-accredited businesses who have A ratings," Cox added.

CLICK HERE to follow the ABC News Investigative Team's coverage on Twitter.

CLICK HERE to follow the ABC News Investigative Team and Brian Ross on Facebook and join in on the discussion.

Click Here for the Blotter Homepage.

The Los Angeles-area Better Business Bureau is by far the largest of the 108 BBB chapters in the U.S. and brings in the most revenue from membership fees. According to its 2009 tax filing, the L.A. BBB raked in over $6.2 million in accreditation fees in 2008 and paid longtime CEO Mitchell an annual salary of $409,490. Mitchell devised the letter grade system to replace the previous \"satisfactory/unsatisfactory\" BBB rating, and has been using it in Southern California for the past five years. His system was adopted nationwide by the Better Business Bureau in January 2009. In a deposition for a lawsuit in which the L.A. BBB was sued over its grading system, Mitchell testified that his office employed over 30 sales representatives who earned a 45 percent commission for selling first year memberships to business owners.

However, the letter grade system has led to considerable friction in the L.A. business community, with some claiming the BBB was in the business of selling grades for cash. As reported by 20/20, a group of Los Angeles business owners, determined to prove that the accreditation system was a sham, paid $425 apiece to buy BBB memberships for a number of fictitious firms, including one for a non-existent company called Hamas, named after the Middle East terror group. The bogus company listed L.A. BBB CEO Bill Mitchell as its president and gave a non-existent address for its headquarters. The L.A. BBB awarded a membership and an A minus rating to a non-existent sushi restaurant in Santa Ana, California and an A plus to a bogus firm named after Stormfront, a white supremacist group.

CLICK HERE to read about the Ross Unit's investigation of the Better Business Bureau, and CLICK HERE to watch the 20/20 report

The ABC News investigation also showed how two small Los Angeles businesses, with an ABC News producer and camera present, were told by BBB telemarketers that their C grades could be raised to an A plus if they paid to join the BBB. Terri Hartman, the manager of Liz's Antique Hardware, says she was told only a payment could change her grade, which was based on one old complaint that had already been resolved. After Hartman paid the $565 membership fee the next business day her C grade was replaced with an A plus and the one complaint was wiped off the record.

\"The only way I was going to get that A was to give her my credit card number,\" said Hartman. \"I feel it's not on the up and up and I feel that the Better Business Bureau deserves a C minus based on their own rating system.\"

In another case, Carmen Tellez, the owner of a company that provides clowns for parties, says she was also told she had to pay to raise her C minus grade, based on a two-year old complaint that she said had already been resolved. The C minus became an A plus the very next day after she provided her credit card for the $395 membership charge.

\"If I'm paying for a grade, how is the customer supposed to trust the Better Business Bureau?\" asked Tellez.

Mitchell declined to be interviewed for the 20/20 report and was unable to be reached for comment on the National BBB's decision to investigate his chapter. At the time of the 20/20 report, the head of the national BBB, Steve Cox, characterized the L.A. examples documented by ABC News as \"anomalies\" and said they were simply mistakes made by sales representatives.\"That's an inaccurate statement that business people are able to buy A's,\" Cox said. \"We have more than 500,000 non-accredited businesses who have A ratings,\" Cox added.

CLICK HERE to follow the ABC News Investigative Team's coverage on Twitter.

CLICK HERE to follow the ABC News Investigative Team and Brian Ross on Facebook and join in on the discussion.

Click Here for the Blotter Homepage.

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all she wrote in Pennsylvania","articleContents":{"dateLine":"","authors":[{"displayName":"Geoffrey Skelley","headshot":"https://s.abcnews.com/images/538/GEOFFREY-SKELLEY-abc-gmh-12152023_1702667577474_hpEmbed_1x1_240.jpg","link":"https://abcnews.go.com/author/geoffrey_skelley","url":"https://abcnews.go.com/author/geoffrey_skelley","unit":null,"bureau":null,"linkTracking":{}},{"displayName":"Kaleigh Rogers","headshot":"https://s.abcnews.com/images/538/KALEIGH-ROGERS-abc-gmh-12152023_1702668561922_hpEmbed_1x1_240.jpg","link":"https://abcnews.go.com/author/kaleigh_rogers","url":"https://abcnews.go.com/author/kaleigh_rogers","unit":null,"bureau":null,"linkTracking":{}},{"displayName":"Monica 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Here’s a recap of what happened tonight in Pennsylvania:","idAttr":""},{"type":"paragraph","id":1,"content":"In the solidly blue 12th District, ABC News reports progressive Democratic Rep. Summer Lee is projected to defeat Edgewood Borough Council member Bhavini Patel by about 20 percentage points, with 99 percent of the expected vote reporting. Lee’s win is an early indication that The Squad’s criticisms of Israel won’t necessarily weigh members down in the primaries to come this summer.","idAttr":""},{"type":"ad","provider":"teads","position":"incontentTeads","id":2,"devices":["desktop","mobile","tablet"],"kvps":{}},{"type":"paragraph","id":3,"content":"Meanwhile, in the 10th District, former news anchor Janelle Stelson is projected to win the Democratic primary with 44 percent against a field of five other candidates and 99 percent of the expected vote, ABC News reports. She’ll face Republican Rep. Scott Perry, a former chair of the hard-right House Freedom Caucus, in a slightly GOP-leaning seat that may be competitive.","idAttr":""},{"type":"paragraph","id":4,"content":"In the 1st District, another seat that could be in play, Republican Rep. Brian Fitzpatrick held off a challenge from the right in anti-abortion activist Mark Houck, leading by 26 points at this point with 91 percent of the expected vote. ABC News reports that Fitzpatrick is projected to win that race. Fitzpatrick will now face off against Democrat Ashley Ehasz, whom he defeated by 10 points in 2022, but it may very well be a closer race in this swingy district this time around.","idAttr":""},{"type":"paragraph","id":5,"content":"And over in Eastern Pennsylvania, three Republicans squared off tonight for the opportunity to run against — and potentially unseat — three-term Democratic Rep. Susan Wild in the 7th District. But it was state Rep. Brian Mackenzie who came out on top and is projected to win according to reporting by ABC News. He’s currently leading with 42 percent of the vote, and 85 percent of the expected vote reporting, perhaps in part thanks to the nearly half a million dollars spent on his behalf by the Koch Brothers’ PAC. Mackenzie and Wild will now be gearing up for a tight race that is set to be one of the most competitive House races in the nation, so expect a lot of attention — and money — to be paid to Lehigh Valley.","idAttr":""},{"type":"paragraph","id":6,"content":"Neither candidate faced primary opposition in the U.S. Senate contest today, meaning that Democratic Sen. Bob Casey Jr. and former hedge fund CEO Dave McCormick will face off in November. In the open-seat race for state attorney general, former state Auditor Eugene DePasquale is projected to win a five-way Democratic primary, while York County District Attorney Dave Sunday is projected to handily win the Republican nomination, according to ABC News. In the contest for auditor general, state Rep. Malcolm Kenyatta is projected to defeat Lehigh County Controller Mark Pinsley in the Democratic primary and face incumbent Republican Tim DeFoor in the fall, according to the AP. And the race for state treasurer saw a bit of a surprise in the Democratic primary, as the AP projected that substance abuse and mental health counselor Erin McClelland will defeat state Rep. Ryan Bizzarro despite Bizzarro’s endorsement from the state party and sizable fundraising edge. McClelland will face incumbent Republican Stacy Garrity in November.","idAttr":""},{"type":"ad","provider":"yieldmo","position":"incontentYieldmo","id":7,"devices":["mobile"],"kvps":{}},{"type":"paragraph","id":8,"content":"Finally, in notable races for the state House and Senate, we watched Democratic primaries in the Philadelphia and Pittsburgh areas — which will set up key contests this fall, as Democrats fight to hold onto their narrow, one-vote majority in the state House and flip the Senate to secure a state government trifecta. Incumbents mostly fended off challenges from more progressive candidates in these races, notably Rep. Amen Brown in West Philadelphia, and Rep. Abigail Salisbury, who won against a Summer Lee-backed candidate, Ashley Comans.","idAttr":""},{"type":"paragraph","id":9,"content":"—Geoffrey Skelley, Kaleigh Rogers, Monica Potts, 538","idAttr":""},{"type":"ad","provider":"teads","position":"incontentTeads2","id":10,"devices":["desktop","tablet"],"kvps":{}},{"type":"inline","idx":11,"id":"1"}],"inlines":[{"id":"109556868-1","type":"image","imageSrc":"https://s.abcnews.com/images/538/pa-primary-2-ap-gmh-240423_1713883712280_hpEmbed_3x2_992.jpg","imageAlt":"PHOTO: Voting booths are set up at a polling place in Newtown, Pa., Apr. 23, 2024. ","caption":"Voting booths are set up at a polling place in Newtown, Pa., Apr. 23, 2024. 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That was a losing strategy in 2022, and we may see more competitive statewide races as a result this fall.","idAttr":""},{"type":"paragraph","id":1,"content":"The 1st District race I noted earlier is a good example: Anti-abortion Republicans suffered a notable loss with Houck's decisive defeat in favor of incumbent Fitzpatrick, one of the most moderate Republicans in the U.S. House. So far, abortion has been a winning issue for Democrats, and it’s likely to be a defining issue in the race this fall — so Republicans are likely glad Fitzpatrick prevailed in this purple district.","idAttr":""},{"type":"ad","provider":"teads","position":"incontentTeads","id":2,"devices":["desktop","mobile","tablet"],"kvps":{}},{"type":"paragraph","id":3,"content":"—Monica Potts, 538","idAttr":""}],"inlines":[],"headline":"Final thought: I agree with Meredith","id":"109556226","linkText":"","pageType":"SinglePage","subHead":"","hasConnatix":true},"featuredVideo":null,"featuredImage":null,"dateModified":"2024-04-24T03:00:29Z","datePublished":"2024-04-24T03:00:41Z","renderingHints":[],"contentFlag":null,"wordCount":119,"readTime":"1 min read","config":{"showAds":true,"showComments":true,"showSponsoredLinks":true},"displayAdKeyValues":{"tag":"abcnews/538","objid":"109556226","pgn":"538","pgtyp":"story","lang":"en","sp":"abcnews","programmatic":"true","bundleId":"com.abcnews"},"metadata":{"timestamp":"2024-04-24T03:00:41Z","dateModified":"2024-04-24T03:00:29Z","sourceLine":"ABC News","title":"Final thought: I agree with Meredith","description":"","canonicalUrl":"https://abcnews.go.com","noIndexNoFollow":false},"canonical":"https://abcnews.go.com/538/live-updates/pennsylvania-primaries-2024/final-thought-i-agree-with-meredith-109556226?id=109523463","articleUrl":"https://abcnews.go.com","section":"538","announcementType":"","tracking":{"word_count":119,"media_on_page":"","article_id":"109523463","article_headline":"Pennsylvania primaries 2024: Lee and Fitzpatrick survive, matchups set for November","content_type":"liveblog post","position_number":-1,"global.TagID":"aclick_news06a","liveblog.post_headline":"Final thought: I agree with Meredith","liveblog.post_id":"109556226","by_line":"Monica Potts"},"inlines":[],"date":{"date":"2024-04-24T03:00:41Z","preFormat":"MMM DD, h:mm A z","postFormat":"MMM DD, h:mm A z","useShort":false,"text":"2024-04-24T03:00:41Z","threshold":4,"thresholdType":"hours"},"relativeDate":{"date":"2024-04-24T03:00:41Z","preFormat":"relative","postFormat":"MMM DD, h:mm A z","useShort":false,"text":"2024-04-24T03:00:41Z","threshold":4,"thresholdType":"hours"},"shareURLs":{"fb":"https://www.facebook.com/sharer.php?u=https://abcnews.go.com/538/live-updates/pennsylvania-primaries-2024/final-thought-i-agree-with-meredith-109556226?id=109523463","fbLabel":"Share to Facebook","fbAppId":"4942312939","twitter":"http://twitter.com/intent/tweet?text=Final thought: I agree with Meredith - ABC News - https://abcnews.go.com/538/live-updates/pennsylvania-primaries-2024/final-thought-i-agree-with-meredith-109556226?id=109523463&via=ABC","twitterLabel":"Share to Twitter","twitterAmpLabel":"Final thought: I agree with Meredith - ABC News via @ABC -","email":"mailto:?subject=Final%20thought:%20I%20agree%20with%20Meredith&body=https%3A%2F%2Fabcnews.go.com%2F538%2Flive-updates%2Fpennsylvania-primaries-2024%2Ffinal-thought-i-agree-with-meredith-109556226%3Fid%3D109523463","emailLabel":"Email this article","emailType":"customemail","canonical":"https://abcnews.go.com/538/live-updates/pennsylvania-primaries-2024/final-thought-i-agree-with-meredith-109556226?id=109523463","shortLink":"https://abcnews.go.com/538/live-updates/pennsylvania-primaries-2024/final-thought-i-agree-with-meredith-109556226?id=109523463"}},{"id":"109555921","authors":[{"name":"Meredith Conroy","metaDescription":"Meredith Conroy is on ABC News. 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To “learn from loss” is to change tack after certain efforts proved failed. The failed effort in 2022 was when the GOP nominated Doug Mastriano for the governor's race, who proved to be too extreme for the state. 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And in perhaps the surprise of the night, the AP has projected Erin McClelland as the winner in the Democratic primary for state treasurer. McClelland overcame what seemed like a prohibitive fundraising deficit to best the party’s preferred pick, state Rep. Ryan Bizzarro.","idAttr":""},{"type":"paragraph","id":1,"content":"And with that, we're about ready to wrap up! 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