FICO vs. VantageScore: The Credit Score Rivalry Heats Up

VantageScore is making headway into the credit score market dominated by FICO.

— -- VantageScore is making headway into the credit score market dominated by FICO, says the firm behind the upstart measure of credit-worthiness.

Nearly one billion VantageScores were generated in 2014 -- a 600% increase -- says VantageScore Solutions LLC, a creation of the nation's three credit bureaus. The number of banks using the scores increased by 24 percent.

The VantageScore was created in 2006 by Equifax, Experian and TransUnion as a competitor to the FICO score. The FICO score uses credit bureau data, but was invented and controlled by Fair Isaac Corporation, a separate firm.

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FICO remains the industry standard. FICO scores are used in "more than 90% of lending decisions," and by 90 of the top 100 largest U.S. financial institutions, FICO says on its website.

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Barrett Burns, president and CEO of VantageScore Solutions LLC, says it's good to have multiple sources for credit scores.

“With this surge in market adoption, the consumer finance industry, including the largest banks in the country, clearly have voted for choice in the marketplace and are taking advantage of the transformative differentiators offered by the VantageScore model,” Burns said.

VantageScore says its scores use a broader set of criteria that allows an additional 30-35 million consumers to be scored, giving that group better access to America's credit system.

"Among those consumers conventionally unscoreable, 10 million are attractive loan candidates, with scores of 600 and above on the VantageScore 3.0 scale range of 300-850," the firm says.

One of the most common credit score misconceptions is that you have only one score; in reality, you have several dozen credit scores. Consumers in fact have multiple FICO scores, which can vary based on which credit bureau is used to supply the data used in the scoring formula. In addition, many financial institutions make adjustments to scoring formulas so they are more specific to their credit business. For example, an auto lender might more heavily weigh auto payment history.

For a consumer who is monitoring their credit scores to check their progress as they build or rebuild credit, it’s helpful to compare the same score over time for consistency. You should also review your credit report from each of the three major credit reporting agencies, since the data in your credit reports are what your credit scores are based on. You can get your credit reports for free once a year under federal law.

Any opinions expressed in this column are solely those of the author.