How to vote via absentee ballot in 2020 election on Nov. 3

Due to COVID-19, some states have expanded voting by mail as an option.

There are only five states still requiring an excuse beyond COVID-19 concerns to request an absentee/mail ballot: Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee and Texas.

Before you can register to vote by mail, first make sure you're registered to vote in your state. (See state-by-state voter registration deadlines here.)

Next, for those interested in voting by mail, check the full guide below for information on your state's rules and the deadlines to apply for a mail-in ballot either in person or by mail.

Alabama

Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received five days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received five days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Alabama
  • Citizens must provide a reason for voting absentee.

    COVID-19 Voting Guidelines: Any Alabama resident concerned about COVID-19 may apply for an absentee ballot for the upcoming municipal elections, according to guidance issued by the Alabama secretary of state.

    Other Excuses: You will be absent from the county on Election Day. You are ill or have a physical disability that prevents a trip to the polling place. You are a registered Alabama voter who is temporarily living outside the county (such as a member of the armed forces, a voter employed outside of the United States, a college student, or a spouse or child of such a person). You are an appointed election officer or poll watcher at a polling place other than your regular polling place. You work a required shift -- 10 hours or more -- that coincides with polling hours. You are a caregiver for a family member who is confined to the home. You are incarcerated but otherwise eligible to vote.

    Alaska

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received 10 days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received 10 days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Alaska
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Arizona

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received 11 days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received 11 days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Arizona
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Arkansas

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received one day before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received seven days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Arkansas
  • Citizens must provide a reason for voting absentee.

    COVID-19 Voting Guidelines: All voters in Arkansas may vote by mail using an absentee ballot if they have health concerns due to COVID-19, according to a statement by the governor. Check your state's website for latest guidance.

    Other Excuses:

    You will be unavoidably absent from your polling site on Election Day. You will be unable to attend your polling site on Election Day due to illness or physical disability. You are a member of the U.S. armed forces, merchant marines or the spouse of a dependent family member. You are a U.S. citizen whose permanent residence is in Arkansas, but who is temporarily living outside the United States.

    California

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: On Election Day
  • By Mail: Received seven days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in California
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    COVID-19 Voting Guidelines: For the Nov. 3 general election, every registered voter will receive a ballot in the mail by executive order.

    Colorado

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: N/A
  • By Mail: If you need to change where your ballot is mailed, submit address change at least eight days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Colorado
  • Citizens vote by mail in all elections.

    Connecticut

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: N/A
  • By Mail: Received one day before Election Day, but we recommend applying at least seven days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Connecticut
  • Citizens must provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Excuses:
    You will be absent from town during all the hours of voting
    You have an illness that prevents you from voting in person
    You have a physical disability that prevents you from voting in person
    You are on active duty within the U.S. military
    Your religious tenets forbid secular (non-religious) activity on Election Day
    You are required to perform duties as a primary, referendum or election official at a polling place other than your own during all the hours of voting on Election Day

    Delaware

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received four days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received four days before Election Day
  • Online: Received four days before Election Day
  • Citizens must provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Excuses:
    You are in the public service of the United States or the state of Delaware and are unable to come to the polls
    Your business or occupation prevents you from coming to the polls, including if your occupation is the care of a family member who is at home due to illness, disability or injury
    You are a student who is away at college or university
    You are incarcerated but otherwise eligible to vote
    You are on vacation
    The tenets or teachings of your religion prevent you from coming to the polls
    You are experiencing a temporary or permanent illness or physical disability

    District of Columbia

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: N/A
  • By Mail: Received seven days before Election Day
  • Online: Received seven days before Election Day
  • Due to the pandemic, Washington, D.C., is automatically mailing ballots to all voters. Ballots must be postmarked by Nov. 3 and received by Nov. 13. You can also drop off your ballot in person at a vote center or ballot drop box by Nov. 3.

    Florida

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received 10 days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received 10 days before Election Day
  • Online: Received 10 days before Election Day
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    COVID-19 Voting Guidelines: As a reminder, voters may designate someone else to pick up their ballot for them. Refer to the Florida Department of Elections website for instructions on how to complete this process.

    Georgia

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received four days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received four days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Georgia
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Hawaii

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: N/A
  • By Mail: If you need to change where your ballot is mailed, submit address change at least 7 days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Hawaii
  • Citizens vote by mail in all elections.

    COVID-19 Voting Guidelines: Starting with the primary election on Aug. 8: All properly registered voters will automatically receive a mail ballot packet approximately 18 days prior to the election.

    Idaho

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received 11 days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received 11 days before Election Day
  • Online: Received 11 days before Election Day
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Illinois

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received one day before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received five days before Election Day
  • Online: Received five days before Election Day
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Indiana

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received 12 days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received 12 days before Election Day
  • Online: Received 12 days before Election Day
  • Citizens must provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Excuses:
    You have a specific, reasonable expectation that you will be absent from the county on Election Day during the entire 12 hours that the polls are open (6 a.m. until 6 p.m.)
    You have a disability
    You are at least 65 years of age
    You will have official election duties outside of your voting precinct
    You are scheduled to work at your regular place of employment during the entire 12 hours that the polls are open
    You will be confined due to illness or injury or you will be caring for an individual confined due to illness or injury during the entire 12 hours that the polls are open
    You are prevented from voting because of a religious discipline or religious holiday during the entire 12 hours that the polls are open
    You are a participant in the state's address confidentiality program
    You are a serious sex offender as defined in Indiana Code 35-42-4-14(a)
    You are a member of the military or a public safety officer
    You are prevented from voting due to the unavailability of transportation to the polls
    You are eligible under the relevant provisions of state law to vote at your place of previous registration

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received one day before Election Day unless the polls open at noon; If the polls open at noon, you may cast an absentee ballot at the county auditor's office from 8 a.m. to 11 a.m. on Election Day
  • By Mail: Received 10 days before Election Day for the general election
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Iowa
  • Citizens do not need to prove a reason for voting absentee.

    Kansas

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received seven days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received seven days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Kansas
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Kentucky

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received seven days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received seven days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Kentucky
  • Citizens must provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Excuses:
    You are advanced in age, disabled or ill
    You are military personnel or their dependent, or an overseas citizen
    You are a student who temporarily resides outside the county
    You are a voter who temporarily resides outside of Kentucky and who maintains eligibility to vote in Kentucky, such as a "snowbird"
    You are incarcerated, but not yet convicted of a crime
    You are employed outside of the county all hours the polling place is open
    You are a program participant in the Department of State's Address Confidentiality Program

    You can vote by absentee ballot in-person in Kentucky if:
    You will be out of the county on Election Day
    You are advanced in age, disabled or ill
    You are a military personnel, their dependent or an overseas citizen
    You are a military personnel confined to base and learn of your confinement within seven days or less of an election
    You are a student or resident who temporarily resides outside of the county
    You are a voter or the spouse of a voter who has surgery scheduled that will require hospitalization on Election Day
    You are a pregnant woman in third trimester
    You are a precinct election officer appointed to serve in precinct other than his own, an alternate precinct election officer, County Board of Elections’ members or staff, deputy county clerk or State Board of Elections’ staff

    Louisiana

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received by 4:30 p.m., four days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received by 4:30 p.m., four days before Election Day
  • Online: Received by 4:30 p.m., four days before Election Day
  • Citizens must provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Excuses:
    You are a student or teacher located and living outside of your parish of registration or the spouse/dependent thereof
    You are 65 years of age or older
    You are a minister, priest, rabbi or other member of the clergy assigned outside of your parish of registration, or the spouse/dependent thereof
    You are or expect to be temporarily outside the territorial limits of the state or absent from your parish of registration during the early voting period and on Election Day
    You moved your residence to another parish more than 100 miles from the parish seat of your former residence after the voter registration books closed (the books close 30 days prior to Election Day)
    You are involuntarily confined in an institution for mental treatment outside your parish of registration and you are not interdicted and not judicially declared incompetent
    You expect to be hospitalized on Election Day and did not have knowledge until after the time for early voting had expired; you were hospitalized during the time for early voting and you expect to be hospitalized on Election Day; or you were either hospitalized or restricted to bed by your physician during early voting and on Election Day
    You work or expect to be offshore working and expect to be out of your precinct of registration both during the early voting period and on Election Day because of your employment or occupation
    You are incarcerated in an institution inside or outside of your parish of registration and you are not serving time for a felony conviction
    You are a program participant in the Department of State's Address Confidentiality Program
    You will be sequestered on the day of Election Day
    You are the secretary of state, an employee of the secretary of state or an employee of the registrar of voters

    Maine

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received three business days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received three business days before Election Day
  • Online: Received three business days before Election Day
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Maryland

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received seven days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received seven days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Maryland
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Massachusetts

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received by noon, one day before Election Day, but we recommend applying at least seven days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received by noon, one day before Election Day, but we recommend applying at least seven days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Massachusetts
  • Citizens must provide a reason for voting absentee.

    In addition to absentee voting, Massachusetts has early voting by mail available with the following deadlines:

  • In Person: Received by noon, two business days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received by noon, two business days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Massachusetts
  • COVID-19 Voting Guidelines: A recent bill has clarified that voters taking precautions related to COVID-19 are qualified to vote by absentee ballot. Multiple special elections have been postponed: voters should check the Secretary of State's COVID-19 page for details. Local elections may be postponed by towns: voters should check with their town clerk for details.

    Michigan

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received one day before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received four days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Michigan
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Minnesota

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received one day before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received one day before Election Day, but we recommend applying at least seven days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Minnesota
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Mississippi

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: No specific deadline. We recommend requesting your ballot at least seven days before Election Day
  • By Mail: No specific deadline. We recommend requesting your ballot at least seven days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Mississippi
  • Citizens must provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Excuses:
    You will be away from your county on Election Day for any reason
    You are a student, teacher or administrator at a school whose studies or employment there necessitates your absence from your county on Election Day; or you are the spouse or dependent thereof
    You have a temporary or permanent physical disability that renders you unable to vote in person without substantial hardship
    You are the parent, spouse or dependent of a person with a temporary or permanent physical disability who is hospitalized outside of their county of residence or more than 50 miles away, and you (the parent, spouse or dependent) will be with that person on Election Day
    You are 65 years of age or older
    You will be unable to vote in person because you are required to be at work on Election Day during the times at which the polls will be open
    You are a member, spouse or dependent of the congressional delegation
    You are a disabled war veteran (or spouse or dependent of such a person) in a hospital
    You are a member (or spouse or dependent of such a person) of the Merchant Marine or American Red Cross

    Missouri

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received one day before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received 13 days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Missouri
  • Editor’s Note: This story has been corrected to clarify that there can be differences between absentee voting and "mail-in voting" and "by-mail voting" in some states. We regret the error. Please check for the latest information on how to vote in your state in FiveThirtyEight's updated map here.

    Citizens must provide a reason for voting absentee.

    COVID-19 Voting Guidelines: For all 2020 elections, any registered Missouri voter can apply for a mail-in ballot and vote by mail because of a bill the governor signed which only applies to elections this year. Note: Generally Missouri mail-in ballot voters will be required to submit a notarized statement with their ballot, however, in limited instances, including for voters who have contracted or are at-risk of contracting COVID-19 because of specific health concerns, a voter may cast a mail-in ballot without notarization. For mail-in ballot applications where the individual is a new resident, intrastate new resident or interstate former resident, the application must be signed in the presence of a notary.

    Other Excuses for Absentee Ballot:
    You will be absent from your voting jurisdiction on Election Day
    You are incapacitated or confined due to illness or physical disability, or primarily responsible for caring for a person who is incapacitated or confined due to illness or disability
    You are restricted by religious belief or practice
    You are employed as or by an Election Day authority at a location other than your polling place
    You are incarcerated, but have retained all your voting qualifications
    You are a program participant in the Department of State's Address Confidentiality Program

    Montana

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received one day before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received by noon, one day before before Election Day, but we recommend applying at least seven days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Montana
  • Citizens do not need to prove a reason for voting absentee.

    Nebraska

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received 11 days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received 11 days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Nebraska
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Nevada

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received 14 days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received 14 days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Nevada
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    New Hampshire

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: No specific deadline
  • By Mail: No specific deadline. We recommend requesting your ballot at least seven days before Election Day.
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in New Hampshire
  • Citizens must provide a reason for voting absentee.

    COVID-19 Voting Guidelines: For the 2020 primary and general elections, any New Hampshire voter can apply for an absentee ballot and vote by mail.

    Other Excuses:
    You will be absent on the day of any state election from the county, city or town in which you are registered to vote
    You are unable appear in public on Election Day because of your observance of a religious commitment
    You are unable to vote in person by reason of physical disability
    You are unable to vote in person by reason of military service
    You are unable to appear at any time during polling hours at your polling place because an employment obligation (including the care of children or infirm adults, with or without compensation) requires you to remain physically at work or to be in transit to or from work from the time the polls open until after the time the polls close

    New Jersey

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received by 3 p.m., the day before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received seven days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in New Jersey
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    New Mexico

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received five days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received five days before Election Day
  • Online: Received five days before Election Day
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    New York

    On August 21, New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo signed sweeping election reforms that will make it easier for New Yorkers to vote in November.

    Ballots with a postmark demonstrating that they were mailed on or before Election Day will be counted if received by November 10. This legislation gives voters the right to request an absentee ballot due to risk of illness to themselves or others.

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received by the Board of Elections without a postmark on the day after the Election
  • By Mail: Postmarked day of the Election, if received by Nov. 10
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in New York
  • Citizens can request an absentee ballot due to risk of illness, including COVID-19.

    Excuses:
    Absent from your county or, if a resident of New York City, absent from New York City, on Election Day
    Unable to appear at the polls due to illness or physical disability or because you are the primary caregiver of one or more individuals who are ill or physically disabled
    A resident or patient of a Veterans Health Administration Hospital
    Detained in jail awaiting grand jury action or confined in prison after conviction for an offense other than a felony

    North Carolina

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received seven days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received seven days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in North Carolina
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    North Dakota

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: No specific deadline
  • By Mail: No specific deadline, we recommend requesting your ballot at least seven days before Election Day
  • Online: No specific deadline
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Ohio

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received by noon, three days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received by noon, three days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Ohio
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Oklahoma

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received six days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received six days before Election Day
  • Online: Received six days before Election Day.
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Oregon

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: N/A
  • By Mail: If you need to change where your ballot is mailed, submit address change at least five days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Oregon
  • Citizens vote by mail in all elections.

    Pennsylvania

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received seven days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received seven days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Pennsylvania
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Rhode Island

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received by 4 p.m., 21 days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received by 4 p.m., 21 days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Rhode Island
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    South Carolina

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received four days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received four days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in South Carolina
  • Citizens must provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Excuses:
    You may vote by absentee ballot in South Carolina if you will be away from the county of your residence on Election Day and one of the following:
    You are a student away at college (or a spouse or dependent residing with the student)
    You are serving with the American Red Cross or with the United Service Organization and are attached to and serving with the armed forces (or a spouse or dependent residing with such a person)
    You are a government employee (or a spouse or dependent residing with such a person)
    You are on vacation
    You live overseas

    You may vote by absentee ballot in South Carolina whether or not you will be away from the county of your residence if:
    You are physically disabled
    Your job prevents you from voting
    You are a certified poll watcher, poll manager or county election official and you will be working on Election Day
    You are attending to sick or physically disabled persons
    You have been admitted to the hospital as an emergency patient on day of election or at least four days prior to Election Day
    There has been a death or funeral in your family within three days before Election Day
    You are on jury duty in state or federal court on Election Day
    You are 65 or older
    You are confined to a jail or pre-trial facility pending disposition of arrest or trial
    You are a member of the armed forces or Merchant Marines (or a spouse or dependent residing with such a person)

    South Dakota

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: One day before Election Day, but we recommend applying at least seven days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received one day before Election Day, but we recommend applying at least seven days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in South Dakota
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Tennessee

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received seven days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received seven days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Tennessee
  • Citizens must provide a reason for voting absentee.

    COVID-19 Voting Guidelines: You must have an excuse to vote absentee by-mail in the general election. See valid excuses here, such as if you're age 60 or older, you're hospitalized, ill, physically disabled or have underlying medical or health conditions which make you more susceptible to contracting COVID-19 or at greater risk as proven by your physician, or you are the caretaker of a person who fits this criteria.

    Other Excuses:
    You will be outside the county of registration during the early voting period and all day on Election Day
    You or your spouse are enrolled as a full-time student in an accredited college or university but outside the county of registration
    You will be unable to vote in person due to service as a juror for a federal or state court
    You are 60 years of age or older
    You have a physical disability and an inaccessible polling place
    You are hospitalized, ill or physically disabled and because of such condition, cannot vote in person
    You are the caretaker of a person who is hospitalized, ill, or disabled
    You are a candidate for office in the election
    You serve as an Election Day official or as a member or employee of Election Day commission
    You will be observing a religious holiday which prevents you from voting in person during the early voting period and on Election Day
    You or your spouse possess a valid commercial drivers license or Transportation Worker Identification Credential and you certify that you will be working outside the state or county of registration during the early voting period and all day on Election Day
    You are a member of the military or an overseas citizen
    a licensed physician has filed a statement with the county election commission stating that, in the physician's judgment, you are medically unable to vote in person. The statement must be filed not less than five days before Election Day and signed under the penalty of perjury
    You reside in a licensed facility providing relatively permanent domiciliary care, other than a penal institution, outside the voter's county of residence
    If you are one of the last two, you can apply to be a permanent absentee voter

    Texas

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received 11 days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received 11 days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Texas
  • Citizens must provide a reason for voting absentee.

    COVID-19 Voting Guidelines: Early voting for the general election has been extended. It will begin on Oct. 13 and run through Oct. 30.

    Excuses:
    You are 65 years or older
    You are disabled
    You will be out of the county on Election Day and during the period for early voting by personal appearance You are confined in jail, but otherwise eligible, or certified for participation in the address confidentiality program

    Utah

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: N/A
  • By Mail: If you need to change where your ballot is mailed, submit address change at least seven days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Utah
  • Citizens vote by mail in all elections.

    Vermont

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received one day before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received one day before Election Day, but we recommend applying at least seven days before Election Day
  • Online: Received one day before Election Day
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Virginia

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received seven days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received seven days before Election Day
  • Online: Received seven days before Election Day
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Washington

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: N/A
  • By Mail: No specific deadline, but we recommend applying at least seven days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Washington
  • Citizens vote by mail in all elections.

    West Virginia

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received six days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received six days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in West Virginia
  • Citizens must provide a reason for voting absentee.

    COVID-19 Voting Guidelines: All West Virginia voters will be able to cite concerns related to the COVID-19 pandemic as reason to request an absentee ballot for the November general election, according to Secretary of State Mac Warner.

    Other Excuses:
    All registered West Virginia voters may vote by absentee ballot in person during the period of early voting. You may vote by absentee ballot by mail in West Virginia if:
    You will be absent from the county during both the early voting period and Election Day because of personal or business travel or attendance at a college, university or other place of education or training
    employment that makes voting in person impossible because of the hours worked and distance from the county seat
    You are confined to a specific location and prevented from voting in person due to an illness, injury, other medical reason, physical disability or advanced age
    You are incarcerated or detained in jail or a home on Election Day, but not under conviction of any felony, of treason or of bribery (including any period of probation or parole)
    You are a participant in the Address Confidentiality Program (ACP) with the Office of the Secretary of State
    The county absentee voting office and your polling place are inaccessible to you due to your physical disability

    Wisconsin

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received five days before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received five days before Election Day
  • Online: Received five days before Election Day
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Wyoming

    Deadline to apply:

  • In Person: Received one day before Election Day
  • By Mail: Received one day before Election Day, but we recommend applying at least seven days before Election Day
  • Online: N/A
  • Click here for more information on registering to vote in Wyoming
  • Citizens do not need to provide a reason for voting absentee.

    Visit iamavoter.com to check your voter registration status and to receive important election information.

    Editor’s Note: This story has been corrected to clarify that there can be differences between absentee voting and "mail-in voting" and "by-mail voting" in some states. We regret the error. Please check for the latest information on how to vote in your state in FiveThirtyEight's updated map here.