Ebola World View: Who Has It and Where

Dr. Martin Salvia, a U.S. resident, contracted the virus in Sierra Leone

— -- intro: Dr. Martin Salia, a physician who was diagnosed with Ebola in Sierra Leone and flown to the United States, is the second Ebola patient to die the U.S.

Salia, 44, arrived at Nebraska Medical Center on Saturday, but was extremely ill and succumbed to the disease two days later. Salia was the third patient to be treated at the Biocontainment Unit at Nebraska Medical Center.

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Two other patients treated at the Omaha medical facility survived. A Liberian man, Thomas Eric Duncan, died at a Dallas hospital.

The total number of Ebola patients treated outside West Africa is at least 20, including 11 U.S. cases -- six of them transported to the U.S. from West Africa. Here is a look at the individuals, starting with the most recent, who have been diagnosed with the virus and how they have been treated around the world.

quicklist: 1category: Ebola World View: Who Has It and Wheretitle: Dr. Craig Allen Spencerurl:text: Dr. Craig Allen Spencer, 33, was the fourth person to be diagnosed with Ebola in the U.S. and the ninth person with the virus to be treated in the U.S.

He was diagnosed with Ebola on Oct. 23 after reporting a fever of 100.3 degrees and gastrointestinal symptoms. Spencer contracted the virus while treating Ebola patients in Guinea at a Doctors Without Borders clinic.

Spencer works as an emergency room doctor at New York Presbyterian Hospital, but hospital officials announced he had not worked with any patients in the U.S. since his return. However, Spencer did visit a bowling alley and restaurant, took a taxi and rode three subway lines the day before his diagnosis, authorities said. Officials quarantined Spencer’s girlfriend and two friends as a precaution.

Spencer was treated in an isolation ward at Bellevue Hospital in New York City and released late last week after being declared virus free.

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quicklist: 2category: Ebola World View: Who Has It and Wheretitle: Amber Vinsonurl:text: Amber Vinson was diagnosed with Ebola on Oct. 15, becoming the second nurse infected with Ebola at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital. Vinson, 29, is among the estimated 70 or so health care workers who had a hand in treating Thomas Eric Duncan before he died.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that Vinson flew on Frontier Airlines Flight 1143 from Cleveland to Dallas-Fort Worth Oct. 13 before reporting to the hospital with a low-grade fever the following day. She was immediately placed into isolation.

Vinson was flown to Emory University Hospital in Atlanta for treatment Oct. 15. Vinson was released from the hospital after no detectable virus was found in her blood as of Oct. 24, according to Emory.

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quicklist: 3category: Ebola World View: Who Has It and Wheretitle: Nina Phamurl:text: Officials announced on Oct. 12 that Nina Pham, a nurse who cared for Ebola patient Thomas Eric Duncan, tested positive for Ebola at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital in Dallas.

She remained in isolation there until Oct. 16, when she was moved to the National Institutes of Health hospital in Bethesda, Maryland.

On Oct. 24, Pham was declared virus free and released from the NIH hospital after five blood tests showed no signs of Ebola infection.

Pham, 26, is the first person to contract Ebola while in the United States. And she became the third person to receive blood products from Dr. Kent Brantly, who made a full recovery after being infected while working with an aid group in Liberia.

Her dog, a King Charles spaniel named Bentley, was not euthanized, Dallas health officials said. Instead, the dog was placed in isolation until health officials determined that he posed no risk.

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quicklist: 4category: Ebola World View: Who Has It and Wheretitle: Thomas Eric Duncanurl:text: Duncan, the first person to be diagnosed with Ebola on U.S. soil, first arrived in the United States at the end of September from Liberia to visit family. On Sept. 26, he made his first visit to Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital in Dallas where he told a nurse he had recently come from West Africa, but was sent home with a course of antibiotics. Two days later he returned to the hospital by ambulance and was put in isolation.

Duncan was treated with the experimental drug brincidofovir, but he died Oct. 8.

None of Duncan's contacts outside the hospital came down with symptoms from the deadly virus, but he is known to have infected at least two of the nurses who cared for him in Dallas.media:26049873

quicklist: 5category: Ebola World View: Who Has It and Wheretitle: Ashoka Mukpourl:text: The freelance cameraman was infected in Liberia while working for NBC News. He was flown to Nebraska on Oct. 6 to receive treatment. He also received blood products from Brantly.

Mukpo was released from the biocontainment unit at the Nebraska Medical Center on Oct. 21. media:26184243

quicklist: 7category: Ebola World View: Who Has It and Wheretitle: Dr. Rick Sacraurl:text: Dr. Rick Sacra, a doctor and missionary working for the organization Serving in Mission, was diagnosed with Ebola. He was treating patients in the maternity ward of the ELWA Hospital in Monrovia, Liberia. He was not treating Ebola patients.

Sacra, 51, was flown to the Nebraska Medical Center in early September and was the first to receive a blood transfusion from Brantly. Sacra made a full recovery and was discharged in late September. Though fully recovered, his immune system was weakened. He was admitted to a Massachusetts hospital later with a respiratory infection but has since been released. media: 25755960

quicklist: 8category: Ebola World View: Who Has It and Wheretitle: Nancy Writebolurl:text: Nancy Writebol, 59, worked for the aid group SIM in Liberia, and was infected around the same time Dr. Kent Brantly was. She was flown to Emory for treatment a few days after Brantly and also received a dose of the experimental drug ZMapp.

Like Brantly, she received supportive therapy while at Emory, a form of treatment that supports the patient's immune system as they battle the virus. She was discharged from the hospital after testing negative for Ebola in late August.media: 25230180

Brantly was given the first dose of ZMapp before being flown back to Emory University Hospital in Atlanta for treatment. He has made a full recovery and was discharged from the hospital in August. Since then, he has given blood products on at least three occasions, including a donation to Nina Pham, the nurse who was infected in Dallas.media: 24807044

quicklist: 10category: Ebola World View: Who Has It and Wheretitle: Spainurl:text: There have been three cases of Ebola on Spanish soil, including two Spanish priests who died after being flown to a hospital in Madrid for treatment. Both contracted the virus in West Africa while working with patients there.

Teresa Romero, a nurse's aide who cared for both priests, became the first person to contract Ebola outside West Africa the first week of October. On Oct. 21, she was declared virus-free. She was discharged on Nov. 5.

As a result of her diagnosis, Romero's dog was euthanized and her husband was placed in quarantine.


quicklist: 11category: Ebola World View: Who Has It and Wheretitle: Germanyurl:text: An unknown German patient who was a 53-year-old United Nations employee who had been working in Liberia died Oct. 14, the Associated Press reported.

Germany has had two other cases of Ebola: A Senegalese man who was released from a Hamburg hospital earlier this month and a Ugandan man who was treated in a hospital in Frankfurt.media: 26185406

quicklist: 12category: Ebola World View: Who Has It and Wheretitle: Britainurl:text: British nurse William Pooley is the only known person to be treated for Ebola in Britain. He contracted the virus in Sierra Leone in September and was flown back to the U.K. where he made a full recovery.

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quicklist: 13category: Ebola World View: Who Has It and Wheretitle: Franceurl:text: An unidentified French nurse was infected in September while treating patients in Liberia. The volunteer for Doctors Without Borders was flown home and, according to a statement from the French health ministry, has made a full recovery. As part of her treatment, the nurse was given Avigan, an influenza drug, according to its maker, Toyama Chemical Co. Ltd., a unit of Fujifilm Holdings Corp.media: 26185461

quicklist: 14category: Ebola World View: Who Has It and Wheretitle: Norwayurl:text: An unidentified Norwegian woman who was infected in Sierra Leone received one of the last known doses of ZMapp earlier this month, according to Norwegian health officials. The drug is one of at least 10 medications and three vaccines in development for Ebola. But there is currently no known cure or treatment.media: 26185320

quicklist: 15category: Ebola World View: Who Has It and Wheretitle: West Africaurl:text: The latest WHO statistics list 14,413 confirmed Ebola cases, with 5,177 deaths in West Africa. The countries hardest hit by the outbreak are Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea. The country of Mali is also struggling to contain an outbreak. The agency has said the numbers and death rate will spike as high as 10,000 new cases per month by December if the response to the crisis isn't stepped up soon. media:23145849

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