This, paired with stay-at-home orders, masking and social distancing, means there are fewer cases of the flu this year than ever before. Doctors are noticing less clinic visits and hospital admissions for the flu and pharmacies are filling fewer prescriptions for the antiviral medications physicians prescribe for influenza. Data analysts at Walgreens have tracked sales of antiviral medications for flu over the past seven years to estimate flu activity across the U.S. and 2020 has had significantly lower sales than in 2019.
Flu activity, or incidence of flu cases, in November 2020 was approximately 91% lower than in November 2019, according to the data.
Analysts mapped the data, which they call the Walgreens Flu Index, to show via color coordination how heavily each state has been affected by the flu. A time-lapse of the map from the 2019-2020 flu season to the 2020-2021 season shows a dramatic shift from mostly red-colored states (which means high flu activity) to mostly green-colored states (which means low flu activity).
"I've definitely seen less flu this year," Dr. Simone Wildes, an infectious disease physician at South Shore Health, told ABC News. "Masks are key for this change, but another reason [for decreased flu] is ... we really pushed for a really big campaign this year to get people out to get vaccinated [against the flu] and I think people really heeded our recommendation to take the flu shot this year."
"I think it is probably because of the precautions we are taking for COVID-19 and also because of flu shots," Dr. Krutika Kuppalli, vice chair of the Infectious Disease Society of America, said.
Walgreens has also seen an "unprecedented demand … for flu shots this season," Dr. Kevin Ban, the chief medical officer at Walgreens, said in a written statement to ABC News. "We've seen double-digit growth in demand for flu shots this year."
But even as the CDC reports that "flu vaccine coverage has increased for both children and adults over the past flu season," a great part of the U.S. population has yet to be vaccinated.
"Especially in communities of color, there has been a lot of vaccine hesitancy, so a lot of them don't get the flu vaccine," Wildes said.
But together as a nation, we are moving to address health disparities highlighted during the pandemic.
Clinicians "try to engage different disenfranchised communities and patients that we know are at higher risk," Kuppalli said. "We work on engaging them to understand their concerns when it comes to vaccines."
This year, Walgreens also "implemented the safety precautions needed to administer vaccines in a COVID environment, and rolled out off-site clinics in churches and community centers to ensure access to care for underserved communities," Ban said.
Remember, it's not too late to get your flu shot this year. And even as the COVID-19 vaccines start rolling out across the country, Wildes said we "absolutely have to continue all of the safety measures" implemented during the pandemic to continue protecting ourselves from both the flu and the novel coronavirus.
Shiela Beroukhim Afrahimi, M.D., is an internal medicine resident at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center in Torrance, California, and a contributor to the ABC News Medical Unit.