FBI probes murder of Syrian-American journalist who sought to expose Assad regime abuses

Halla Barakat and her mother Orouba were killed in Turkey in September.

— -- The FBI is probing the murders of Syrian-American journalist and onetime ABC News freelancer Halla Barakat and her mother in Turkey, but Turkish authorities have so far declined U.S. offers to assist in the investigation, ABC News has learned.

Halla, 23, and her mother Orouba, 60 — both of whom were active in the opposition to Bashar al-Assad’s regime in Syria — were strangled and stabbed to death in the apartment they shared in Istanbul in September. Their bodies were doused with a chemical solution that delayed the decomposition of their remains, police said, an indication that the killer could have been a professional.

Halla was born in Raleigh, N.C., and the FBI has legal jurisdiction to investigate the homicide of any American citizen killed overseas. A representative of the Barakat family who had recently met with senior Trump administration officials in Washington, D.C., told ABC News that the FBI’s legal attache in Turkey called the family in the U.S. to inform them that the FBI has opened a case. Without cooperation from local authorities, however, the FBI’s investigative capabilities are limited.

In a letter to a Muslim civil rights group that had been calling for the FBI to investigate their deaths, George Piro, the assistant director of the FBI’s international operations division, wrote that while U.S. government “offered FBI analysis and assistance” to the local authorities, the Turkish National Police “respectfully declined the FBI’s assistance,” though they are sharing some information.

FBI officials did not immediately respond to requests for comment.

Prosecutors are skeptical of his stated motive, however, according to relatives and law enforcement officials, believing the young man was an operative of the Assad regime who had been ordered to assassinate the women.

According to a member of the Barakat family who has spoken to law enforcement officials, police are still searching for the murder weapon as well as a cell phone and documents belonging to Orouba.

In "The Girl Left Behind,” which aired on ABC's "20/20" last year, the Barakats recounted how they had befriended and worked with Mueller. They had also been working to start a charity in Kayla Mueller's honor that would support Syrian women living in refugee camps in Turkey.

The same week as Kayla's death, one of the Barakats' cousins -- whom Orouba was living with when Halla was born -- was shot and killed in Chapel Hill, N.C., along with his young wife and her sister, in what was suspected to be a hate crime against the three Muslim students. Authorities, however, ultimately blamed the killings on a dispute with a neighbor over a parking space. As of September, a trial date had not been set.

Rep. David Price (D-N.C.) called Halla and Orouba’s deaths "a truly heartbreaking development for a family that has already suffered great tragedy in recent years," and he urged the U.S. to pursue justice "in whatever way possible.”

Sen. Thom Tillis (R-N.C.) called on the U.S. government to remain involved in the investigation, noting that evidence could ultimately lead back to the Assad regime.

"The murders of Halla Barakat and her mother Orouba are tragic, and the circumstances are deeply troubling,” Sen. Tillis said in a statement to ABC News. “American authorities should continue to closely monitor the investigation, including the possibility of involvement of the Assad regime, which has an open disdain for life and the freedoms the Barakat family has been pushing for in Syria.”