New restrictions enforced in Europe as COVID-19 cases surge

Several countries reported record daily case rises this week.

LONDON -- New restrictions have been unveiled across Europe as COVID-19 cases continue to rise on the continent, with several countries reporting record one-day rises in cases this week.

Among the new rules are wider mask mandates, restrictions on social gatherings and curbs to the hospitality industry, just months after the spread of infection was seemingly under control and restrictions were eased.

This weekend four more French cities will have their status switched to a "Maximum Alert Zone."

In Italy, wearing masks is now mandatory in all indoor and outdoor spaces, and the government is attempting to combat the rise in cases by instituting local lockdowns to avoid closing businesses and schools nationwide again.

"The state can't ask citizens to wear masks in their own homes," Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte said at a press conference this week. "But we have a strong recommendation for all citizens: Even in our families we have to be careful."

The German Health Minister Jens Spahn said "the numbers are a worrying jump" as the country recorded over 4,000 daily infections on Wednesday,

"At the moment it's mainly young people getting infected, because they want to party, want to travel and because they feel invulnerable, but they are not," he said.

In the UK, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have the power to set their own lockdown measures. Pubs, bars and restaurants will shut at 6 p.m. local time Friday evening for at least two weeks, with tighter social restrictions also now in force.

In England, proposals for a new lockdown have been speculated in the British media over the past few weeks, but so far the government is dealing with the pandemic by placing local restrictions on social gatherings particularly in the north of the country. Social gatherings of more than six people from different households are now banned.

A state of emergency meanwhile has been declared in Madrid, allowing the central government to enforce another lockdown, after a regional court ruled that the move was unlawful.

ABC News' Clark Bentson, Phoebe Nathanson, Ibtissem Guenfoud and Aicha El Hammar Castano contributed to this report.