Iraq, 5 Years On: Key Facts and Figures

ABC News digest of key country statistics five years after the Iraq invasion.


NEW YORK, March 18, 2008 — -- U.S. Troop Levels

Current U.S. troop levels (as of 3/6/2008): 159,000

Trained Iraqi security forces: 425,345

Source: Brookings Institute, Defense Department


U.S. military deaths: 3,980 (Defense Department)

Non-Iraq civilians killed since May 2003: 504 (Brookings Institute)

Journalists killed in Iraq, including media workers such as drivers and interpreters: 174 (Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

U.S. troops wounded in action since March 2003: 29,275 (Defense Department)

Iraqi civilians: 81,964- 89,448 (Iraq Body Count)


Cost for Operation Iraqi Freedom: $406.2 billion

Average monthly spending in Iraq: $9.2 billion

Source: CRS Report for Congress, The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11

Oil Production

Average daily oil production:

Source: Department of Defense

Oil revenue export in 2007: $41 billion

Oil revenue from exports (since June 2003): $125.3 billion

Attacks on Iraqi oil and gas pipelines, installations and personnel since 2003: 466

Source: Department of Defense, Brookings Institute


Source: Department of Defense

Unemployment and underemployment

Health Care



Prewar: Hours of daily electricity nationwide (estimated) 4-8

Feb. 26, 2008: Hours of daily electricity nationwide: 9.7

Prewar: Hours of daily electricity in Baghdad (estimated): 16 to 24

Feb. 26, 2008: Hours of daily electricity in Baghdad: 7.5

Source: Brookings Institute, Defense Department

Internet Subscribers

Prewar: 4,500 (estimated)

April 2007: 261,000

Source: Brookings Institute


Prewar: 833,000

March 13, 2007: 1,111,000

Prewar cell phones: 80,000

Jan. 30, 2008: 10,000,000

Source: Brookings Institute, The Associated Press


Prewar: 12.9 million people had potable water

Jan. 20, 2008: 20.4 million people have potable water

Source: AP, Brookings Institute


Prewar: 6.2 million people served

Jan. 20, 2008: 11.3 million people served

Source: AP

Internal Refugees

Number of internally displaced persons as of April 2007: 1,907,384

Source: Brookings Institute, U.N. High Commission on Refugees

Iraqi Refugees

More than 4.6 million Iraqis have been displaced, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

(Note: Not all Iraqi refugees fled because of the current war)

Iraqi refugees abroad: 2.2 million to 2.4 million

Iraqi refugees in Syria: 1.4 million to 1.5 million

Iraqi refugees in Jordan: 700,000 to 750,000

Iraqi refugees in Egypt, Lebanon, Iran: 175,000 to 200,000

Iraqi refugees in Gulf states: 200,000

Source: Brookings Institute, UNHCR


Primary enrollment in 2007: 46 percent UNICEF, Ministry of Education

Iraq's Children

ABC News Live

ABC News Live

24/7 coverage of breaking news and live events