What Congress Has Included In Its Massive Spending and Tax Bills

The items include tightening visa restrictions and funding for 9/11 responders.

— -- Before it adjourns for the year, Congress is poised to pass a pair of massive spending bills that would lift a 40-year ban on crude oil exports, require visas for foreigners who traveled to Syria and other countries and authorize funding for 9/11 responders.

Here are some notable items the bills contain:

9/11 HEALTH BILL: The omnibus reauthorizes $8 billion for 9/11 first responder healthcare and victim compensation -– funding the health program until 2090 and the victim compensation fund for another five years. The deal also requires an audit of the health program every five years and caps funding for the health program for the first 10 years. Advocates are calling it a “big victory” because it includes full funding and avoids cuts to compensation awards.

LIFTS BAN ON CRUDE OIL EXPORTS: On the heels of the Obama administration’s climate push, this omnibus provision is a big win for Republicans. The measure lifts 40-year ban on exporting most U.S. crude oil exports. One expert predicted crude export revenue could bring in upward of $15 billion by 2017. Democrats, in exchange, received a five-year extension of renewable energy tax breaks.

SLEDDING ON CAPITOL HILL? Lawmakers have slipped language into the omnibus bill asking Capitol Police to permit sledding on Capitol Hill. Officers have previously turned away Washington families and children from sledding down the capital's most notable hill.

Negotiators dropped many partisan demands in order to reach a deal:

PUERTO RICO AID: The indebted U.S. territory had pleaded for Congress to include a provision allowing Puerto Rico to declare Chapter 9 bankruptcy in the omnibus – but no dice. The White House had previously called on Congress to create a special class of bankruptcy available only to U.S. territories. Members of both parties have taken issue with elements of the bills.

GUN VIOLENCE RESEARCH: Despite an 11th-hour effort from House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, D-California, Democrats were unable to roll back a federal funding ban on gun violence research, a demand after recent shootings in San Bernardino, California, and Colorado Springs.

Many Republicans are expected to oppose the spending increase, and had also hoped for more policy concessions from Democrats.

Leaders in both parties defended the deal, saying both sides compromised to reach an agreement.

The House will take up the tax extender bill Thursday, and vote on the spending bill Friday.