What you need to know about the government shutdown showdown

Trump said he would be willing to let a shutdown happen to fund a border wall.

It's been four years since the last federal government shutdown and would be the first time under Republican control of the White House, Senate and House.

Here's what you need to know about a possible government shutdown:

What happens when the government shuts down?

A shutdown occurs when full-year or interim appropriations for federal agencies and programs expire. If additional funding isn’t approved by the president and Congress in time to continue government operations, the government shuts down. Under the Antideficiency Act, agencies are required to stop operating, with some exceptions.

Why might it happen this time?

Lawmakers have until Sept. 30 -- 12 legislative days after their return from August recess -- to pass funding through both chambers of Congress. Otherwise, the government runs out of money on Oct. 1.

A shutdown under Trump would be the first shutdown under unified Republican control of government.

The budget resolution could also become part of the negotiations over raising the nation’s debt ceiling, an issue coming to a head at nearly the same time. The Treasury Department has estimated that sometime in October the government will reach its borrowing limit.

Where does President Trump stand?

President Trump told the crowd at a Phoenix campaign rally on Aug. 22 that he’s willing to “close down our government” in order for his wall on the southern border to be built.

“Let me be very clear to Democrats in Congress who oppose the border wall and stand in the way of border security, you are putting all of America's safety at risk." said Trump.

A “Good Shutdown”

Trump’s message in Phoenix echoes a stance he took when he was unhappy with the last bipartisan spending deal reached in May. The president at that time tweeted: “Our country needs a good ‘shutdown’ in September to fix mess!”

Mulvaney said that if Democrats don’t “behave better”, a shutdown may be inevitable.

What are Congressional Leaders Saying?

“I don’t think a government shutdown is necessary and I don’t think most people want to see a government shutdown,” Ryan said in a press conference in Oregon on August 23. The Speaker has expressed his interest in passing a stopgap measure to give lawmakers more time to fund the government.

What happened during the government shutdown in 2013?

The most recent funding gap started on Oct. 1, 2013, the first day of fiscal year 2014; a 16-day shutdown followed.

During that time, 800,000 federal workers stopped working, school lunch programs were curbed, millions of tourists saw vacations disrupted as national parks closed. Capitol Police officers worked but did not receive a paycheck. Government grants dried up as furloughs at military bases squeezed local charities. Catholic Charities in Biloxi, Miss. reported being flooded with requests for food and assistance.

The Social Security Administration issued a warning that if the shutdown stretched into Day 17, checks would not be sent out. Sixty million Americans would have been impacted, each receiving an average of $280 a week in benefits.

An analysis by the Standard and Poor's ratings agency concluded the shutdown effectively took $24 billion out of the economy. It was the first shutdown to occur in over 17 years. The longest shutdown lasted 21 days during fiscal year 1996.