Sept. 14, 2011 -- As New Mexico debates the pros and cons of letting illegal immigrants obtain a driver's license, the state's Republican Gov. Susana Martinez confirmed Wednesday, that her grandparents came to the United States illegally.
"I know they arrived without documents, especially my father's father," said Martinez in an interview to KLUZ-TV, the local Spanish-language affiliate of Albuquerque Univision.
The revelations about the governor's grandparents come at a time when several states have moved to pass laws that crack down on illegal immigrants.
Martinez has come out strongly for a repeal of the law that allows illegal immigrants the chance to get a driver's license. Currently people in New Mexico are not required to produce a Social Security number when applying for a driver's license.
Martinez is pressing the issue as a national security priority, but some critics believe that repealing the law will damage communities in New Mexico.
"I feel like the motivation behind the governor's attempt to deny driver's licenses to illegal immigrants is primarily to make it harder for immigrant families to live in the state," said Peter Simpson, who is the executive director for the New Mexico office of the ACLU.
Illegal immigrants make up approximately 4.3 percent of the New Mexico population and the state ranks 10th in the percentage of people who are undocumented, according to a study done by the Pew Hispanic Center in 2010.
New Mexico and Washington are the only two states that do not check for immigration status as part of the driver's license application process. Critics of the old law say that New Mexico's policies are making it easier for immigrants or other criminals to slip by undetected.
"It essentially makes people who are violating our immigration laws invisible," said Ira Mehlman, spokesman for the Federation for American Immigration Reform.
A New Mexico grand jury last month indicted three people for helping more than 60 Chinese illegal immigrants living in New York obtain New Mexico driver's licenses for $1,500.
Gov. Martinez cited the incident as an example of where the state's leniency was leading to fraudulent activity.
"We have long known of fraud and abuse in our driver's license system and these latest indictments make it clear that we must address the problem," said Martinez in a statement on her website.
Still some say that false driver's licenses don't pose a serious risk to national security. Simpson points out that several of the 9-11 hijackers were here in America on legal visas.
Last week District Court Judge Sarah Singleton temporarily blocked a plan by the governor to randomly check and verify thousands of driver's licenses. The case is being challenged on Constitutional grounds by four state legislators and one woman who argue that the plan unfairly targets Latinos.
The new program would require the randomly selected to schedule an in-person appointment to verify their local status. Any randomly selected person who doesn't show up for the appointment would have their driver's license canceled.
Bad Economy: Illegal Immigrants Scapegoated?
Getting a driver's license is one way for illegal immigrants to gain access to the jobs pool in this country. Having access to a car is critical for anyone who commutes to work and supports a family - illegal immigrants rely on them to get by.
Politicians at the state level have sold measures to curb illegal immigration as a public safety issue, but some at the national level have come out against illegal immigration as a way of solving our country's jobs crisis.
Keep Conservatives United, a group supporting Republican Presidential Candidate Michele Bachmann, came out swinging, sharply criticizing Texas Republican Gov. Rick Perry for his support of a statewide version of the Dream Act, a Texas bill that allows foreign-born children to pay for in-state tuition.
"Illegals take jobs," says the person in the radio ad.
Alabama Tea Party Congressman Mo Brooks gave a brief floor speech on Thursday with a suggestion to evict illegal aliens as a way to "immediately open up millions of jobs for unemployed Americans."
But experts in favor of immigrant labor don't believe that illegals are responsible for a sour economy and point to the fact that illegal aliens contribute to the local and federal tax base when they work and aren't eligible for most entitlements.
"I think by blaming them for draining resources is usually misguided," said Carolyn Brown, a professor who specializes in immigration issues at American University.
Other experts argue that illegal immigrants do drain public resources as undocumented children are allowed to attend public school and even undocumented adults can take advantage of emergency medical services.
"If you're cutting services for people who desperately need it and spending money on illegal aliens that's a very valid question - is this the best appropriation of limited public resources?" Mehlman asked.