Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Div.
  • Andrew Jackson, 1829

    Andrew Jackson, 1829
    Chief Justice John Marshall administers the oath of office to Andrew Jackson on March 4, 1829 Washington, D.C. Jackson is the first president to be inaugurated on the East Portico of the U.S. Capitol, facing the Library of Congress and Supreme Court.
    Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Div.
  • William H. Harrison, 1841

    William H. Harrison, 1841
    A celebratory crowd witnesses the presidential inauguration of William H. Harrison on March 4, 1841 in Washington, D.C. <br><br> Harrison's inauguration took place on a cold winter day, when he delivered a nearly 2-hour long inaugural address without wearing a coat or hat. When he died a month later, many attributed his death to the weather conditions during his inauguration. It is more likely, however, that he succumbed to enteric fever, contracted from drinking contaminated water. The city’s sewage was dumped in a marsh just seven blocks upstream from the White House’s water supply.
    Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Div.
  • James Buchanan, 1857

    James Buchanan, 1857
    James Buchanan’s inauguration, on March 4, 1857, was the first to be captured in a photograph. Architect of the Capitol photographer John Wood recorded the ceremonies, which took place while the U.S. Capitol was still under construction.
    John Wood/Architect of the Capitol/Library of Congress, P&P
  • Abraham Lincoln, 1861

    Abraham Lincoln, 1861
    By 1861, presidential inaugurations had well established proceedings. The outgoing president usually escorted the president-elect in a procession down Pennsylvania Avenue to the Capitol, starting at Willard's Hotel on 14th Street. <br><br> A crowd gathers in front of the still unfinished Capitol building for Abraham Lincoln's first inauguration on March 4, 1861, in Washington, D.C. Lincoln is standing beneath a wood canopy, wearing a white shirt.
    Library of Congress
  • Abraham Lincoln, 1865

    Abraham Lincoln, 1865
    People wait for the start of Abraham Lincoln's second inauguration on a rainy day in Washington, March 4, 1865. According to the Library of Congress, "The crowd includes African American troops who marched in the inaugural parade. In considering the Civil War that had begun in 1861 and was nearing conclusion, Lincoln ended his speech with the famous phrase: 'With malice toward none, with charity for all, ... let us strive on to finish the work we are in, ... to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations."
    Library of Congress
  • Ulysses S. Grant, 1869

    Ulysses S. Grant, 1869
    President Ulysses S. Grant delivers his first inaugural address on the East Portico of the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C., March 20, 1869. <br><br> Outgoing President Andrew Johnson did not attend the inauguration of his successor, Ulysses S. Grant. Johnson's impeachment and Grant's rise within the Republican Party created a mutual dislike between the two men. Both John Adams and John Quincy Adams left Washington early to avoid attending the inaugurations at the end of their terms.
    Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Div.
  • Grover Cleveland, 1885

    Grover Cleveland, 1885
    President Grover Cleveland looks on from the reviewing stand in front of the White House during his first inauguration, March 4, 1885, in Washington, D.C. <br><br> Cleveland is the only U.S. president to serve two non-consecutive presidential terms. After becoming president in 1885, Cleveland lost the 1889 election to Republican candidate Benjamin Harrison, but won the presidency again in 1893.
    Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Div.
  • Benjamin Harrison, 1889

    Benjamin Harrison, 1889
    Under pouring rain, Chief Justice Melville W. Fuller administers the oath of office to Benjamin Harrison on the east portico of the U.S. Capitol on March 4, 1889 in Washington, D.C. Outgoing President Grover Cleveland gallantly holds the umbrella for President-elect Harrison.
    Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Div.
  • William McKinley, 1897

    William McKinley, 1897
    Outgoing President Grover Cleveland, seated, listens as new President William McKinley delivers the inaugural address for his first presidential term from a stand located near the Senate wing of the East Portico of the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C., March 4, 1897. <br><br> McKinley's address was the first to be recorded by a motion picture camera.
    Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Div.
  • Theodore Roosevelt, 1905

    Theodore Roosevelt, 1905
    After the assassination of President William McKinley in 1901, Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as the 26th president in a private ceremony held in New York on Sept. 14, 1901. <br><br> In this photo, Roosevelt gives his inaugural address during his first and only inauguration at the U.S. Capitol, on March 4, 1905, in Washington, D.C.
    Library of Congress/Corbis/VCG via Getty Images
  • William H. Taft, 1909

    William H. Taft, 1909
    A stereo card image depicts President William H. Taft and first lady Helen Taft greeting the crowd from their carriage on their way to the White House from the U.S. Capitol, after his inauguration on March 4, 1909, in Washington, D.C. Mrs. Taft was the first spouse of a president to ride in her husband’s inaugural parade. <br><br> Stereo cards were popular photography modes of the era. The two superposed stereoscopic images would give a three-dimensional effect when viewed with a stereoscope or special spectacles.
    Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Div.
  • Warren G. Harding, 1921

    Warren G. Harding, 1921
    Warren G. Harding was the first president to ride to his inauguration on a motor car, a Packard Twin 6 supplied by the Republican National Committee. <br><br> President Woodrow Wilson, President-elect Warren G. Harding, Philander Knox and Joseph Cannon rode the Packard to Harding's inauguration at the U.S. Capitol on March 4, 1921, in Washington, D.C., making the automobile the official and ceremonial mode of presidential transport.
    Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Div.
  • Calvin Coolidge, 1925

    Calvin Coolidge, 1925
    Microphones are lined up in front of President Calvin Coolidge as he is sworn in for his second presidential term by William H. Taft, chief justice of the Supreme Court and former president, on March 4, 1925, in Washington, D.C. his was the first inauguration to be broadcast nationally over radio waves.
    Topical Press Agency/Getty Images
  • Herbert Hoover, 1929

    Herbert Hoover, 1929
    President-elect Herbert Hoover and his wife, Lou Henry Hoover, depart on their way to the presidential inauguration on March 4, 1929, in Washington, D.C. <br><br> Herbert Hoover's inauguration was the first recorded by the press for a newsreel.
    Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Div.
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1933

    Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1933
    President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt, Eleanor Roosevelt and Franklin D. Roosevelt are photographed by the press outside White House before Roosevelt's first inauguration on March 4, 1933 in Washington, D.C. <br><br> The March 4 date for presidential inaugurations was set in 1793 to allow enough time for attendees to travel to Washington in winter using the methods of transportation of the time. This date was changed to Jan. 20 with the 20th Amendment to the Constitution in 1933. President Roosevelt’s second inauguration, in 1937, was the first one to take place on Jan. 20.
    Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Div.
  • Harry S. Truman, 1949

    Harry S. Truman, 1949
    A family watches President Harry S. Truman’s image on television during his presidential inauguration at the U.S. Capitol on Jan. 20, 1949, in Washington, D.C. <br><br> President Harry S. Truman was the first to deliver his inaugural address to a televised audience.
    Photoquest/Getty Images
  • Harry S. Truman, 1949

    Harry S. Truman, 1949
    Midshipmen of the U.S. Naval Academy march up Pennsylvania Avenue during the inaugural parade for President Harry S. Truman, Jan. 20, 1949. The U.S. Capitol is visible in the background.
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1953

    Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1953
    President Dwight D. Eisenhower, center, smiles in amusement as he is being lassoed by trick roper Montie Montana during the president's first inaugural parade, viewed from a stand in front of the White House in Washington D.C., Jan. 20, 1953.
  • John F. Kennedy, 1961

    John F. Kennedy, 1961
    President John F. Kennedy watches the Inaugural Parade from the reviewing stand on Pennsylvania Avenue on Jan. 20, 1961, in Washington, D.C. <br><br> While campaign for the presidency, Kennedy pledged "to get this country moving again," and offered voters a new generation of leadership. He spoke his famous words, "ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country" during his inaugural address.
    John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum
  • John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 1961

    John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 1961
    President John F. Kennedy and first lady Jacqueline Kennedy arrive at the National Guard Armory for one of President Kennedy's Inaugural Balls held on Jan. 20, 1961, in Washington, D.C. This was the first inauguration celebrated with five balls.
    Abbie Rowe/White House/John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum
  • Lyndon B. Johnson, 1963

    Lyndon B. Johnson, 1963
    Judge Sarah T. Hughes administers the oath of office to Lyndon Johnson aboard Air Force One on Nov. 22, 1963 in Dallas, Texas after President John F. Kennedy's assassination. <br><br> President Johnson did not win when he ran for president in 1968 and was never inaugurated in the U.S. Capitol.
    Keystone-France/Gamma-Keystone via Getty Images
  • Richard M. Nixon, 1969

    Richard M. Nixon, 1969
    U.S. Army soldiers stand guard during President Richard Nixon's inaugural parade, Jan. 20, 1969, in Washington, D.C. Nixon was inaugurated during the Vietnam War and there were organized protests at an inaugural ceremony, with demonstrators tossing projectiles at Nixon during the parade. At his second inauguration, another large anti-war protest was held. There was a suffrage march demanding the right to vote for women on Pennsylvania Avenue the day before Woodrow Wilson was inaugurated in 1913.
    David Fenton/Getty Images
  • Gerald R. Ford, 1974

    Gerald R. Ford, 1974
    Gerald R. Ford takes the oath of office as the 38th president of the United States, administered by Chief Justice Warren Burger, as his wife, Betty Ford, stands at his side, in the East Room of the White House, Aug. 9, 1974. Ford was sworn in after President Nixon resigned following the Watergate scandal. “I assume the presidency under extraordinary circumstances. This is an hour of history that troubles our minds and hurts our hearts,” said Ford.
  • Jimmy Carter, 1977

    Jimmy Carter, 1977
    President Jimmy Carter and first lady Rosalynn Carter walk from the Capitol to the White House during his inauguration parade, Jan. 20, 1977. Carter kept his inaugural address short, just under 15 minutes, but then walked a mile-and-a-half from the Capitol to the White House, the first president to do so. He also began the tradition of staying at the Blair House, across the street from the White House, the night before inauguration.
    Corbis via Getty Images
  • Ronald Reagan, 1981

    Ronald Reagan, 1981
    On Jan. 20, 1981, Ronald Reagan became the first president inaugurated on the West Terrace of the U.S. Capitol, in front of the National Mall, in Washington, D.C. For his second inauguration in 1985, the swearing in took place inside the rotunda of the U.S. Capitol due to inclement weather. The inaugural parade was also cancelled.
    Diana Walker/The LIFE Images Collection via Getty Images
  • George H. W. Bush, 1989

    George H. W. Bush, 1989
    During his inaugural address at the U.S Capitol on Jan. 20, 1989, Georg H.W. Bush promised “a kinder and gentler nation.” Despite only serving one term, Bush attended the inauguration of his successor, Bill Clinton.
    Ron Edmonds/AP
  • Bill Clinton, 1997

    Bill Clinton, 1997
    Clinton’s second inauguration was the first to be livestreamed on the internet. At his first inauguration in 1992, Maya Angelou recited a poem for the occasion, the first since Robert Frost took the podium at John F. Kennedy’s swearing in.
    Tim Clary/AFP via Getty Images
  • George W. Bush, 2005

    George W. Bush, 2005
    George W. Bush was sworn in for a second term, Jan. 20, 2005 – the first inauguration held since the Sept. 11th attacks. During his speech, he spoke about human rights being the guiding principle of U.S. foreign policy, saying, “Today, America speaks anew to the peoples of the world: All who live in tyranny and hopelessness can know: The United States will not ignore your oppression, or excuse your oppressors. When you stand for your liberty, we will stand with you.”
    Chuck Kennedy/Tribune News Service via Getty Images
  • Barack H. Obama, 2009

    Barack H. Obama, 2009
    Barack Obama became the 44th and the first Black president of the United States, on Jan. 20, 2009. Crowds stretched from the Capitol to beyond the Washington monument, as the inaugural committee opened the entire length of the National Mall to public viewing for the first time. Before a record-breaking crowd, Obama was sworn in using the same bible as President Abraham Lincoln.
    Win McNamee/Getty Images
  • Donald J. Trump, 2017

    Donald J. Trump, 2017
    On Jan. 20, 2017, Donald Trump was sworn in, becoming the first person without any prior political or military experience to hold the nation’s highest office. In his short speech, dark in tone and similar to his campaign rallies, he promised to end what he called “American carnage.”
    Win Mcnamee/AP