Gina Haspel has been tapped to replace Pompeo in the Cabinet-level version of musical chairs, and her elevation to be Pompeo's replacement as CIA director has prompted questions about her role in the use of torture at a so-called CIA black site.
Both Pompeo and Haspel will have to be confirmed to their new roles by the Senate.
Concerns over ties to anti-Muslim group
They cited the now-former congressman's support from ACT for America, a group the SPLC calls "the largest anti-Muslim group in America."
In light of Trump's announcement of Pompeo's new role, which, if confirmed, would make him the fourth in the presidential line of succession, the SPLC said that Trump is "playing right into the hands of the radical anti-Muslim movement in the U.S. and abroad."
"At a time when we’re seeing hate groups have unprecedented access to the White House, Pompeo's ties to anti-Muslim hate groups are extremely alarming. This new position gives anti-Muslim extremists another ally in a high place," said Heidi Beirch, the director of the SPLC's Intelligence Project.
"Pompeo will now be responsible for shaping American foreign policy that will likely have harmful effects on Muslim Americans and Muslims across the world," Beirich said in a statement released Tuesday.
"These appointments have the potential to harm our nation’s image and our relations with key players in the international community," he said.
Pompeo faced two questions about the topic during his CIA confirmation hearing in January 2017, to which he responded that he planned to continue and grow the agency's relationships with Muslim partners.
He was also asked if he would commit to being an advocate for all of the members of the CIA, including Muslim men and women, and Pompeo replied that he would.
Challenges about climate change
When asked during the last confirmation hearing if he believed NASA's findings of climate change being caused by human activities, Pompeo demurred.
"I frankly as the director of CIA would prefer today not to get into the details of climate debate and science. It seems my role is going to be so different and unique from that. It is going to be to work alongside warriors, keeping Americans safe," Pompeo said at the time.
Now, however, if confirmed as the country's top diplomat, Pompeo would have a leading role in international treaties and accords relating to climate change, among other topics.
Environmental groups, like the grassroots climate change activists 350.org, have expressed concerns about both his perceived lack of belief in the science of the issue and his ties to the Republican megadonor Koch brothers.
"We’ve gone from Exxon’s CEO [Tillerson] to the Koch brothers’ most loyal lapdog. Pompeo received over a million oil and gas dollars during his political career, has deep ties to the Kochs, and is a climate denier to the core," said May Boeve, the executive director of 350.org, in a statement on Tuesday.