Uvalde report outlines 'shortcomings and failures' before and during attack
The May 24 mass shooting took the lives of 19 students and two teachers.
Lawmakers in Texas on Sunday unveiled the first detailed investigative report into the May 24 mass shooting at Robb Elementary School, laying out the lapses in preparation, training and judgment in connection with one of the deadliest school shootings in U.S. history.
Their 77-page report, which painted the most complete portrait to date of the massacre, described a series of "shortcomings and failures of the Uvalde Consolidated Independent School District and of various agencies and officers of law enforcement."
But committee members stressed that they do not know whether a faster or more competent response could have saved lives in the face of a gunman bent on firing at the unarmed with a high-powered assault rifle.
Members of a special committee of the Texas state legislature met Sunday with family members of the victims to present their findings and field questions from a community still seeking answers nearly two months after a gunman killed 19 students and two teachers.
Family members of the victims say the anguish of losing their loved ones has been compounded by a failure on the part of state and local leaders to articulate what took police officers nearly 77 minutes to confront and kill the 18-year-old gunman.
Local law enforcement officials who arrived first on the scene "failed to prioritize saving the lives of innocent victims over their own safety," the report found, and larger state and federal agencies that arrived later should have taken over command.
"The void of leadership could have contributed to the loss of life as injured victims waited over an hour for help, and the attacker continued to sporadically fire his weapon," the report found. "We do not know at this time whether responders could have saved more lives by shortening that delay."
The report also highlighted a bevy of "failures of facilities maintenance and advance preparation" on the part of the school district, including insufficient security at points of entry and a "regrettable culture of noncompliance by school personnel who frequently propped doors open and deliberately circumvented locks."
"With hindsight we can say that Robb Elementary did not adequately prepare for the risk of an armed intruder on campus," the report concluded. "Because of these [failures], the attacker fired most of his shots and likely murdered most of his innocent victims before any responder set foot in the building."
Following the report's release Sunday, Uvalde Mayor Don McLaughlin said in a statement that the city will release all body camera footage from the city's police officers taken during the incident. The city has also placed Lt. Mariano Pargas, who was the acting chief of police on the day of the massacre, on administrative leave.
Senior law enforcement and elected officials have repeatedly shared misleading or contradictory information about the police response, testing the community's faith in leadership. Texas Gov. Greg Abbott said he had been "misled" by authorities after conveying inaccurate information to the public days after the shooting -- a blunder that he said left him "livid."
In those first hours, officials painted a picture of heroism and fast action by police -- but in the days and weeks since, that portrait has been turned on its head.
"There are people who deserve answers the most, and those are the families whose lives have been destroyed," Abbott said. "They need answers that are accurate, and it is inexcusable that they may have suffered from any inaccurate information whatsoever."
Last month, at a hearing before a state Senate panel, Texas Department of Public Safety Director Steven McCraw called the police response an "abject failure" and claimed that enough officers and equipment arrived on the scene within three minutes to "neutralize" the shooter.
Lawmakers slammed "the discrepancies and loose threads" presented by officials in the days and weeks after the shooting for fomenting "a loss of trust in government" and presenting an opportunity for the spread of conspiracy theories.
"The fear of a coverup is palpable here, and while most see it as simply part of an intragovernmental 'blame game,' others have made wild accusations that authorities are sweeping some major scandal under the rug," the report read.
In reality, surveillance video of the shooting obtained and published last week by ABC affiliate KVUE and the Austin-American Statesman showed dozens of officers congregating outside the adjoined classrooms where the gunman had fired indiscriminately on students and teachers. The report noted that a total of 376 local, state and federal law enforcement officials responded to the shooting.
Lawmakers had planned to release the surveillance video on Sunday after meeting with the families, but were preempted earlier this week when media outlets broadcast the footage -- enraging some family members of the victims, who said they felt blindsided by how things were handled.
Uvalde:365 is a continuing ABC News series reported from Uvalde and focused on the Texas community and how it forges on in the shadow of tragedy.
During his testimony last month, McCraw reserved his harshest criticism for Uvalde ISD Police Chief Pete Arredondo, who he accused of "[deciding] to place the lives of officers before the lives of children." Arredondo, who has not responded to multiple interview requests from ABC News, told the Texas Tribune last month that he did not know he was the on-scene commander during the shooting.
But according to the lawmakers' report, Arredondo "failed to perform or to transfer to another person the role of incident commander.
"This was an essential duty he had assigned to himself," the report continued. "Yet it was not effectively performed by anyone."
In addition to its scrutiny of law enforcement and school administrators, the committee's report includes new and notable information about the 18-year-old gunman's motive in targeting Robb -- and specifically classroom 111, where lawmakers say he attended the fourth grade.
"The attacker's fourth-grade year at Robb Elementary School was significant to him," the report read. "He discussed bad memories of fourth grade with an acquaintance just weeks beforehand." He had been bullied, though it's not clear when the bullying started, according to the report, which also said that last year, when he was 17, the high school "involuntarily withdrew him, citing poor academic performance and lack of attendance."
The report also included new information about the gunman's correspondence with a young German teen before and during the shooting. According to one exchange quoted in the committee report, after the gunman shot his grandmother in the face, he messaged the teen.
He wrote that he just shot his grandmother in the head and was going to shoot up an elementary school.
According to the committee, she responded in a message she later deleted: "Cool."
ABC News' Alexandra Dukakis, Josh Margolin, Hannah Price and Aaron Katersky contributed to this report.