Trapped Palestinians in Gaza Desperate to Leave

Blocked borders keep many desperate Palestinians trapped in Gaza.

ByABC News
December 10, 2009, 8:37 AM

JERUSALEM, Dec. 10, 2009 — -- Half of the Gaza Strip's 1.5 million people would leave if they could, according to one poll.

But obtaining a permit to cross into Israel or Egypt is getting harder every day. In better times tens of thousands of Palestinians entered Israel to work. But today just a few dozen get out.

Since the Islamic militants from Hamas took control of Gaza in 2007 Israel has tightened its blockade of the crowded coastal territory. Israeli officials say Hamas rule of Gaza has created the need for tighter security restrictions. But ordinary Palestinians are caught between the two sides and students seeking education abroad, businessmen meeting their Israeli partners, or people simply wishing to see relatives in the West Bank find it almost impossible to get out.

Even Palestinians needing urgent medical treatment in Israel's hospitals are finding it more difficult to obtain travel permits from the Israeli authorities.

According to Israel's Physicians For Human Rights the number of medical permits being granted has fallen dramatically, and even tougher screening means that almost 40 percent of Palestinians with permits miss their medical appointments.

Amiram Gill, the group's director of advocacy, told ABC News Thursday: "Israeli policy has changed. Everything else has stayed the same inside Gaza, in terms of the number of sick people and the lack of treatment facilities. Israel is making it harder for people to leave."

Some reports say Palestinians are even trying to bribe local doctors in return for fake medical records. Gill said his group was aware of isolated cases but said the odds are stacked against those who try it.

"Once the person gets to the Israeli checkpoint the screening process is so thorough and detailed, someone faking an illness would almost certainly be discovered," he said.

But some Palestinians who do get out don't return. Israel's defense ministry claims that this year of the 7,000 Palestinians who got out, some 500 have never gone back. Most make their way to the Palestinian-controlled areas of the West Bank and "disappear" in search of work.