Anthem Hack: What You Need to Do to Protect Yourself

PHOTO: The Anthem logo at the companys corporate headquarters is seen in this Dec. 3, 2014 file photo in Indianapolis.PlayDarron Cummings/AP Photo
WATCH Anthem Health Insurance Confirms Cyber Attack

Entrusting a company with something as personal as a social security number and then learning it was possibly stolen by hackers is a terrifying reality that as many as 80 million people are currently grappling with following the attack on Anthem Inc.

The country's second largest health insurer said Wednesday that its computers were hacked and data including "names, birthdays, medical IDs/social security numbers, street addresses, email addresses and employment information, including income data," may have been exposed.

Anthem immediately notified its members and the FBI of the "very sophisticated external cyber attack." The company also said it will provide credit monitoring and identity protection services free of charge to those affected.

"Hacks like this are unfortunately commonplace," Robert Siciliano, an online safety expert to Intel Security, told ABC News. "The fact that it involves social security numbers makes the consumer at a greater risk, since a social can't be changed forever."

Siciliano said he recommends everyone -- not just those affected by the hack -- immediately ask the three nationwide credit bureaus to freeze their information so new lines of credit can not be opened unless a users thaws their credit.

A small fee may apply in some cases, however Siciliano said instituting a freeze is a vital layer of protection that gives consumers "complete control" over their credit.

William Pelgrin, CEO of Center for Internet Security, also underscored the importance of getting a credit freeze and advised consumers to be vigilant of their bank accounts -- even months after the hack when you may think you're safe.

"Check your bank, credit card and other account statements for any unusual activity," he said. "The criminals might not try to access your account for several months or more, attempting to avoid detection during the time of high profile attention to the breach."

For more information on how to get a credit freeze, check out this checklist from the Federal Trade Commission.