Sept. 16, 2008 -- The redness, puffiness and abundant mucus that you suffer when you have a cold or the flu should automatically grant you a free pass to stay under the covers until you feel rosy again.
Unfortunately, work, family, and other responsibilities may mean that you must get up and face the world -- no matter what that face looks like.
"Just feeling bad can make you feel not so attractive," said Dr. Ronald Turner, a cold and flu expert and professor of pediatrics at the University of Virginia.
And a Rudolph-red nose on top of the fatigue, aches and stress of being sick hardly helps the way a person looks.
Fortunately, experts say that after lots of rest and fluids, there are a few simple things you can do to look more refreshed.
"When you do have the rough night, you wake up in the morning and you look like hell," said Matin Maulawizada, a New York-based makeup artist whose work has been published in various magazines, including Vogue, Vanity Fair and Cosmopolitan. "At least they can make themselves look better and feel energetic."
A healthy looking face needs a healthy canvas. Unfortunately, the skin can be hit hardest during an illness, looking dry and scaly and even pocked with cold sores.
A cold or flu, medications and dry air are just a few of the things that can strip skin of moisture. And dull, dry skin can emphasize the fatigue that comes with a cold or flu.
In addition to dry skin, the most obvious sign that you are not feeling -- or looking -- your best are the red areas around the nose and eyes, exacerbated by rubbing with fingers or tissues.
"These are prime areas for cold sores and chapped skin when you are sick," said Carmindy, a New York-based makeup artist and resident makeup guru on TLC's show "What Not to Wear." "Also eyes can get red and runny."
A rich moisturizer can help restore some of that water to the skin and soothe redness and itching, creating a more vital, energized look, she said.
Soothing irritated areas also helps to create a smooth canvas for a concealer that can hide the redness.
Maulawizada said that a slightly dry concealer with a lot of coverage, a cream formula for example, will last longer after it is patted over the red areas around the eyes and nose.
"You want the skin surface to look pretty," Maulawizada said. "When you look at the mirror, you'll feel 100 percent better."
Color in the Cheeks
But there is one area on the face where a bit of color makes a big difference when you are sick -- in a good way.
"If you don't want makeup makeup, you can do blush," Maulawizada said.
A healthy flush of pink in a shade that appears naturally in your skin can help you look fresh and awake.
"Take your index finger, press it, and see how red it is," Maulawizada said. "That's like a good gauge of color. These are the reds that are in your skin."
Lighter-skinned women look best in sheer fuchsias or bright pinks, Maulawizada suggested, while women with darker skin tones should choose a raspberry color.
The Eyes Have It
But no matter how rosy the face, puffy, baggy eyes can signal illness from a mile away.
"The skin [around the eyes] is thinner, and the tissue underneath is more loosely attached," Turner said. "There is more room for fluids to accumulate."
Constricting the blood vessels under the skin can help to counteract the fluids sloshing around in the face due to congestion.
Cold cucumbers are a posh way to go, but any type of cold compress applied to the eye area will help to constrict blood vessels under the delicate skin to reduce swelling and redness.
Cold tea bags are another popular option to reduce puffiness around the eyes. The astringent tannins and the caffeine can help to shrink swollen tissues and tighten the skin.
Keep It Clean
When working with makeup, which comes in close contact with the mucous areas of the face, a little prevention goes a long way towards preventing germs from spreading.
Using disposable sponge applicators and mascara wands as well as cotton swabs helps makeup stay clean.
When you have a cold or flu, makeup brushes should be cleaned after use with a disinfecting brush cleaner to keep germs from spreading. Antibacterial dishwashing liquid will work as well, Maulawizada said.
Less Is More
Looking refreshed when you have a cold or flu is difficult, and what you choose not to put on your face matters almost as much as what you do put on.
"You want to stay away from dark shades that can make you look worn down, super shimmer that can accentuate dryness and pinky shades of eye shadows that can make your eyes look red and itchy," said Carmindy, who recently collaborated with cosmetics company Sally Hansen to create Sally Hansen Natural Beauty Inspired by Carmindy.
Instead, choose sheer, neutral colors like gray or brown. If the eyes are watery, avoid eye makeup, but if it is necessary, Maulawizada recommended a bit of eyeliner smudged into the top lashes and a coat of waterproof mascara to brighten the eyes and help make the face look awake.
One of Maulawizada's big breaks in the fashion industry was doing makeup for a model with a bad cold. Because they were on location on a small island, there were no other models. Maulawizada recalled that the model had cold sores on her upper lip, very dark circles under her eyes, and was perspiring so much that her face couldn't handle too much makeup.
But Maulawizada said he used concealer to cover flaws, a bit of bronzer, and some blush on her face.
"We did the liner trick with waterproof mascara on the top lashes," Maulawizada said. "She didn't look sick. We fixed her up and she looked beautiful."