Writing to Vanity Fair magazine after he was included in their 2018 New Establishment List, Christopher Steele called on the media to "speak unpalatable truths to power" and to hold the government of the United States to account.
Writing to editor Radhika Jones in an email seen by ABC News, he said: "In these strange and troubling times, it is hard to speak unpalatable truths to power, but I believe we all still have a duty to do so. I salute those on your list, and otherwise, who have had the courage to speak out over the last year, often at great personal cost.
"At a time when governance is so distorted and one-sided, as I believe it currently is in the United States, the media has a key role to play in holding it accountable," he added.
The 35-page document, known as the "Steele dossier," is a collection of memos of raw intelligence.
Included in the dossier are allegations that the president had cooperated with Russia for years, and that the Russians held compromising material on him that could subject him to blackmail.
The dossier contains unverified claims that the president, then a reality television star, engaged in a sexual encounter with prostitutes during a 2013 trip to Moscow.
Steele was a longstanding intelligence officer for the British Secret Intelligence Service, known informally by its former name as MI6, and the U.K.'s equivalent of the CIA, where he was head of the Russia desk.
He retired from the service in 2009 to start his own private intelligence firm called Orbis Business Intelligence.
In 2016, he was hired by U.S. political research firm Fusion GPS to investigate alleged links between the Trump campaign and Moscow.