The Clean Water Act regulates bodies of water in the United States, including permits for any entity that will release chemicals into bodies of water or are responsible for cleaning up pollution and oil spills. Part of that law includes a definition of which bodies of water are regulated by the federal government, which has led to legal disputes about how the government should define what qualifies as a "Water of the United States."
In 2015, the Obama administration finalized a rule that would place smaller streams and other areas where water flows into rivers or lakes under federal jurisdiction, meaning the government would regulate runoff into that water. That rule was delayed by legal challenges and postponed by the Trump administration last year.
"I was in Salt Lake City, Utah last year, as an example, and I was standing outside a subdivision that was being built in Salt Lake and I was with an Army Corps of Engineers representative who looked at an ephemeral drainage ditch that was part of this subdivision being built and he pointed to it and said 'Scott, that is a water of the United States.' And I said 'well it's not going to be anymore,'" Pruitt said Thursday in a meeting with the Nebraska governor and groups who have advocated for changes to the WOTUS rule.
Pruitt tweeted Thursday night that the administration stopped that rule and proposed a "much more reasonable" version.
"Farmers, ranchers, landowners, and other stakeholders are counting on EPA to listen to their input when it comes to defining 'waters of the United States,'" Pruitt said in a statement. "Today, we are taking an important step toward issuing a new WOTUS definition and answering President Trump’s call to ensure that our waters are kept free from pollution, while promoting economic growth, minimizing regulatory uncertainty, and showing due regard for the roles of the federal government and the states under the statutory framework of the Clean Water Act."
The Associated Press reported Friday that the new rule could threaten programs intended to protect wetlands by offering credits to developers who pledge to protect the wetlands.
The EPA did not provide specific information about the new definition but it will be published for public comment after it is reviewed by the White House Office of Management and Budget.