How the presidential transition between Trump and Biden will work

There are just two months to get an incoming president White House-ready.

That Secret Service enhancement typically begins with the director or a designee meeting with the president-elect, vice president-elect and sometimes their families to cover any questions and concerns. Part of this meeting involves a briefing focused on what they may face, including everything from intensive media scrutiny to threats from terror organizations. These briefings are highly sensitive due to the impact of Secret Service protection on family members; Secret Service protection includes 24-hour staffing, monitoring and tracking.

The president-elect and his team must also undergo a myriad of briefings about every facet of the nation’s policy and operations. This includes the President’s Daily Briefing (PDB), which becomes available to the president-elect, and background briefings on covert actions. The PDB and covert briefings are led by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, the Central Intelligence Agency, the National Security Agency, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Department of Homeland Security and the State Department, and help bring the incoming administration up to speed on the world’s political dynamics, potential threats and other details a president needs to know to keep the nation safe.

In an interview for the Center for Presidential Transition’s podcast, Michael Morell, the former acting and deputy director of the CIA and President George W. Bush’s daily intelligence briefer, said the briefings are important “because on Inauguration Day, these covert actions will become the new president’s.” For most incoming administrations, this is when the real weight of the presidency sinks in. While a campaign can be full of rhetoric and bombast, the issues occurring in the world often temper talking points.

While the physical security is increasing and intelligence briefings are taking place, under the Presidential Transition Act, the president-elect is also given assistance from the General Services Administration (GSA) as they prepare to assume office. The GSA helps with much of the logistics of an incoming administration, including identifying transitional office space and selecting a moving company to help move the incoming president into the White House, and pays for expenses that are incurred during a presidential transition.

An incoming administration also forms a transition team, which must help identify candidates for around 4,000 political appointment positions, of which about 1,200 require Senate confirmation, according to the Center for Presidential Transition. The details of these positions are listed in what is commonly called the Plum Book, which is published by the GSA. The book also lays out the name of all the employees holding those positions in the current administration.

Meanwhile, the president-elect typically also has a meeting with the current president at the White House, while the First Lady greets the incoming First Lady. Part of this meeting is formalities, the other is for logistics. The president-elect and spouse receive a tour of the White House and are asked a myriad of questions related to White House decor, functions, likes and dislikes. While they do that, staff members of the current and incoming administration are talking and meeting to try to create as seamless a transfer as possible.

The next time the president-elect typically sees the White House is on Inauguration Day where, in a 12-hour marathon, the White House staff will move the current president out and new president in, with a occupancy time of 12:01 p.m.

Donald J. Mihalek is an ABC News contributor, retired senior Secret Service agent and regional field training instructor who served during two presidential transitions. He was also a police officer and in the US Coast Guard. Opinions expressed in this piece do not reflect those of ABC News.

This report was featured in the Monday, Nov. 9, 2020, episode of “Start Here,” ABC News’ daily news podcast.

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