CDC monitoring 6 measles outbreaks across country; 314 cases already reported in 2019

PHOTO: A vial of the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine is pictured at the International Community Health Services clinic in Seattle, March 20, 2019. PlayLindsey Wasson/Reuters, FILE
WATCH Measles outbreak: Unvaccinated minors banned from public places in 1 New York county

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is currently monitoring six measles outbreaks around the country.

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A whopping 314 reported cases of measles have been confirmed as of March 21 compared to 374 cases confirmed in all of 2018, according to the CDC.

New York's Rockland County issued an unprecedented state of emergency Tuesday banning unvaccinated minors from public places after 153 cases of measles have been confirmed there so far.

2019 Measles Outbreaks ABC NEWS
2019 Measles Outbreaks

Health officials in New York City have reported 181 cases there as of Wednesday, while Washington state has seen 74 cases as of Friday.

Much of the measles cases in New York have been concentrated among children of Orthodox Jewish families, many of whom attend religious schools where the vaccination rates are below 95 percent, which is the threshold considered necessary to maintain immunity among the community, known as herd immunity, according to Kaiser Health News.

PHOTO: A vial of the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine is pictured at the International Community Health Services clinic in Seattle, March 20, 2019. Lindsey Wasson/Reuters, FILE
A vial of the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine is pictured at the International Community Health Services clinic in Seattle, March 20, 2019.

An outbreak in Texas has resulted in 14 confirmed cases as of Thursday, and the state of Illinois has reported six cases in 2019 so far.

A new bill in California, where seven cases of measles have been confirmed in 2019, would require every vaccination exemption for school-age children to be approved by the state Department of Health, the San Francisco Chronicle reported.

PHOTO: Lead medical assistant Fengmei Lin holds a box of measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine vials at the International Community Health Services clinic in Seattle, March 20, 2019. Lindsey Wasson/Reuters, FILE
Lead medical assistant Fengmei Lin holds a box of measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine vials at the International Community Health Services clinic in Seattle, March 20, 2019.

In addition, the CDC has confirmed measles cases in Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Kentucky, Michigan, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey and Oregon.

Measles cases have increased in recent years in part because of fears fanned by anti-vaccine activists, according to Kaiser Health News.

Before people began being vaccinated in the early 1960s, four million people were infected every year, win about 50,000 hospitalizations and 500 deaths annually, Kaiser Health News reported. The measles vaccine is 97 percent effective, according to health officials.

ABC News' Darren Reynolds contributed to this report.