"I don't endorse that, but I've seen this being used and also recommended on activist websites and pamphlets and so on," Jordt told ABC News, noting that while neither milk nor antacid should make the burning worse, they're not sterile.
Most experts suggest washing the eyes with water or saline rather than milk, a spokeswoman for ACEP told ABC News. Remove contact lenses immediately. Since the spray is not designed to damage the eyes, people almost always recover without permanent damage to eyesight, she added.
People who are pepper sprayed in the face should flush their eyes in a water fountain or by scooping handfuls of water up into open eyes, physicians for the ACEP recommended. Afterwards they should wash their entire face with a gentle, non-oil based soap and place an ice pack wrapped in a towel over their face and eyes to cool the burning sensation.
As for the rest of the body, the UC Berkeley Campus Police Department recommended removing clothes and washing with cool water and a mild detergent for at least 15 minutes. Avoid salves and greasy ointments because they trap the capsicum particles on the skin prolonging the pain, the department's website warned.