“The Iranian regime openly advocates another Holocaust and it seeks the means to achieve it,” Pence said while speaking at the Munich Security Conference on Saturday.
That deal, signed by the Obama administration in 2015 along with leaders from the U.K., France, Russia, China and Germany, offered Iran relief from economic sanctions in exchange for restricting its nuclear program. Trump announced that the U.S. would withdraw from the deal in 2018.
Along with accusations of state-sponsored terrorism, Pence blasted Iran during his week in Europe for anti-Semitism, going as far as to compare the country to Nazi Germany.
Pence visited Auschwitz on Friday, a former concentration camp in Nazi Germany-occupied Poland, and said he was “deeply moved.” As the vice president left Poland en route to Germany, he reflected on the trip, noting the importance of honoring Holocaust victims, and saying that ant-Semitism needed to be universally condemned.
Traveling to Munich to deliver his second international address, Pence condemned the Iranian regime for spewing the same “vile anti-Semitic hatred” that animated the Nazis in Europe.
During his Munich remarks, the vice president said Iran had “supported terrorist proxies and militias, Hezbollah and Hamas; exported missiles; fueled conflicts in Syria and Yemen; plotted terrorist attacks on European soil; and openly advocated the destruction of the State of Israel.”
Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif responded to Pence's accusation of anti-Semitism by calling them "laughable," according to Reuters.
Pence said that he had frank discussions with world leaders during his trip, but stopped short of suggesting any European nations had to immediately answer U.S. calls to withdraw from the Iran nuclear deal.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who met with Pence, seemed to break with the U.S. on the issue.
During remarks on the subject, Merkel emphasized a need for global diplomacy and praised the Iran nuclear deal.
“The only question that stands between us on this issue is: do we help our common cause, our common aim of containing the damaging or difficult development of Iran, by withdrawing from the one remaining agreement?" she said to the Associated Press. "Or do we help it more by keeping the small anchor we have in order maybe to exert pressure in other areas?"