Presidential Debate: Fact Check and Live Blog

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ABC News is live blogging and fact checking the third and final presidential debate, which is focused on foreign policy, moderated by CBS News anchor Bob Schieffer, and held at Lynn University in Boca Raton, Fla.

Anchored live stream coverage from ABC News Political Director Amy Walter, GMA Weekend anchor Dan Harris and Yahoo! News White House correspondent Olivier Knox kicked of at 8 p.m. ET. Watch it at abcn.ws/live

TV coverage with ABC's Diane Sawyer and George Stephanopoulos kicked off just before the debate starts at 9 p.m. ET.

Fact Check: Romney did suggest post-bankruptcy financing guarantees for auto industry 11:20 p.m. ET

The most contentious moment of the night came during a discussion of the Detroit auto bailout that was begun in the Bush administration and carried on by President Obama.Mitt Romney has long said that he opposed the bailout and he wrote a New York Times Op-Ed in November of 2008 that suggested instead of infusing taxpayer dollars into the industry, it should be taken through a managed bankruptcy.

GM and Chrysler eventually did go through a managed bankruptcy, but only after an infusion of $80 billion taxpayer dollars. The Obama administration's former car czar, Steven Rattner, has said that at the time there was no private money willing to go into the auto industry.

But at Monday's debate Romney softened his anti-bailout rhetoric and said his plan actually did call for government guarantees all along.

Obama said it didn't. And the two sparred over the point.

ROMNEY - My plan to get the industry on its feet when it was in real trouble was not to start writing checks, it was President Bush that wrote the first checks, I disagreed with that. I said these companies need to go through a managed bankruptcy and in that process they can get government help and government guarantees but they need to go thru a bankruptcy to get rid of excess costs and the debt burden that they had built up and fortunately…

OBAMA - Gov Romney, that is not what you said.

ROMNEY - You can take a look at the Op/Ed

OBAMA - Governor Romney you did not say that you would provide governor (sic) help.

ROMNEY - I am still speaking. I said that we would provide guarantees and that was able to allow these companies to go thru bankruptcy to come out of bankruptcy under no circumstances would I do anything other than to help this industry get on its feet (44). And the idea that has been suggested that I would liquidate the industry- of course not. Of course not.

OBAMA - Lets check the record

ROMNEY - That is the height of silliness. I have never said I would liquidate the industry.

OBAMA - Governor, the people of Detroit don't forget. (cross talk)

ROMNEY - I want to keep the industry growing and thriving. That is why I have the kind of commitment to make sure that our industry in this country can compete and be successful.

OBAMA - Look, I think anybody out there can check the record Governor Romney you keep on trying to airbrush history here. You were very clear that you would not provide government assistance to the US auto companies even if they went thru bankruptcy. You said that they could get it in the private market place. That wasn't true They would have gone thru…

ROMNEY -You are wrong Mr President, you are wrong

OBAMA - I am not wrong

ROMNEY - People can look that up, you are right.

OBAMA - People will look it up.

We did. And it turns out that Romney DID in that original Op-Ed , at the very end, say that there should be post-bankruptcy guarantees for financing.

"The federal government should provide guarantees for post-bankruptcy financing and assure car buyers that their warranties are not at risk," he wrote.

It is not clear if such post-bankruptcy guarantees could have freed up pre-bankruptcy financing. And it is not something Romney has advertised on the campaign trail. But it is accurate.

Skip To…

? Fact Check: Romney did suggest post-bankruptcy financing guarantees for auto industry ? Romney's Education Record in Massachusetts ? A Shrinking Navy? ? Was Obama Silent During Iran's Green Revolution? ? Foreign Policy Gives Way to Education? ? Did Romney Say We Should Still Have Troops in Iraq? ? Romney Before the Debate ? Obama Zinger: 1980s Want Their Foreign Policy Back ? Jake Tapper's Comments on Atmosphere at Last Debate ? Boehner Makes Off-Color Joke About His Last Name ? Romney Opts for Quinoa Burger ? Foreign policy crash course: Libya!, Iran!, Israel, more! ? Why Obama should have an edge on foreign policy ? Obama bear hugger invited to debate

Best Gestures of the Debate 10:55 p.m. ET

Image credit: Rick Wilking/AP Photo

The president putting out a hand to his opponent. Romney showing the size of the problem with his hands. Even Obama shaking the hand of a pint-sized Romney grandson. Take a look back at photos of some of the best gestures of this debate and debates past with ABC's slideshow here .

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Romney's Education Record in Massachusetts 10:42 p.m. ET

ROMNEY: I'm so proud of the state that I had a chance to be governor of. We have every two years tests that look at how well our kids are doing. 4th graders and 8th graders are tested in English and Math. While I was governor, I was proud that our 4th graders came out number one of all states in English. And then also in Math. And our 8th graders, number one in English, and also in Math. First time one state had been number one in all four measures. How do we do that? Well, Republicans and Democrats came together on a bipartisan basis to put in place education principles that focused on having great teachers in the class room. [Obama: 10 years earlier]. And that was what allowed us to become the number one state in the nation. [Obama: But that was 10 years before you took office and then you cut education when you came into office]. The first - and we kept our schools number one in the nation, they're still number one today. And the principles that we put into place, we also gave kids not just a graduation exam that determined whether they were up to the skills needed to be able to compete, but also if they graduated in the top quarter of their class, they got a four-year tuition free ride at any Massachusetts public institution of higher learning.

OBAMA: That happened before you came into office, Governor.

ROMNEY: No, that was actually mine, Mr. President. You got that fact wrong.

ABC's John R. Parkinson and Jason Ryan report:

Romney served as governor of Massachusetts from 2003 to 2007. It is true that Massachusetts led these areas in Math and English scores for the National Assessment of Educational Progress during different periods of Romney's tenure as governor. The scores remain above the national average.

So how much did Romney have to do with these numbers? When Obama says these achievements were the result of reforms that happened 10 years before Romney took office, he is referencing a 1993 state law that led to the creation of the state accountability system, which became the Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System. It also authorized charter schools and invested more money in local school districts with the goal of improving standards for Massachusetts students, and it apparently worked. Trends show statewide results improved in the years leading into Romney's term but did not reach the reach the top of the rankings until Romney took office as governor. Here is a table from the National Center for Education Statistics showing data from 1990 to 2011.

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'Walmart Moms' Not Enthusiastic About Foreign Policy Debate 10:30 p.m. ET

ABC's Elizabeth Hartfield has been monitoring the sentiment of a focus group of "Walmart moms" in Orlando. She finds they are not responding in any real, enthusiastic ways to this debate. Obama and Romney are both getting solid marks, above the line, but there were no high spikes on the dials for either candidate in the first 30 minutes.

One notable minute within the first 30 minutes came during Obama and Romney's argument about keeping troops in Iraq. The response on the dials reiterated how unpopular the Iraq war was/remains. Romney gets a dip when Obama accuses him of advocating to keep troops in Iraq, and when Obama refutes this idea, his numbers climb up.

It appears as though Walmart moms get notably more engaged when the discussion turns to domestic policy and the U.S. military.

    1. Dials climb consistently as Romney talks about his track record on education as Gov of MA; start to drop as Obama interrupts him.
    2. Dials dip slightly when Romney invites people to take a look at details on website, but begin to climb a little when he says he'll get rid of Obamacare; more when he talks about giving Medicaid to states.
    3. Moms respond positively to Obama noting that Romney's math doesn't work and that he wants to spend $2 trillion that the military isn't asking for.
    4. They like it when Romney talks about Republicans and Democrats working together to balance his MA budget; they like it when Obama talks about teachers. This has been consistent throughout the three presidential debates. Women respond very well to Romney's cooperation in Massachusetts, and they respond well when either candidate talks about hiring more teachers.
    5. #1 job of POTUS is protecting the safety of American people-a strong line when both Barack Obama and Mitt Romney say it.

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A Shrinking Navy? 10:23 p.m. ET


ROMNEY: Our Navy is old - excuse me, our Navy is smaller now than at any time since 1917. The Navy said they needed 313 ships to carry out their mission. We're now at under 285. We're headed down to the low 200s if we go through a sequestration. That's unacceptable to me.

The Washington Post gave this claim three Pinocchios.

ABC's Luis Martinez has the facts:

There are currently 285 ships in the Navy's fleet.

A report by Naval History and Heritage Command provides a look at the decrease in the number of Navy ships over the past 50 years since the peak during World War Two.

According to this study in 1916 the U. S. Navy had 245 ships. From that date on until 2003 the Navy maintained more than 300 ships in the fleet. The number of ships in the fleet fell to its lowest point in 2006 when there were 278 ships in the fleet. Since then the number of ships has increased to the current 285.

Beginning in 2011 the US Navy began adding two new submarines a year instead of the one a year it had been buying. The Navy is expected to add two Virginia Class attack submarines a year through fiscal year 2016. Romney aides have said he would like to see three new Virginia attack submarines added per year.

Obama replied:

"But I think Governor Romney maybe hasn't spent enough time looking at how our military works. You mentioned the Navy, for example, and that we have fewer ships than we did in 1916. Well, Governor, we also have fewer horses and bayonets, because the nature of our military's changed. We have these things called aircraft carriers, where planes land on them. We have these ships that go underwater, nuclear submarines.

And so the question is not a game of Battleship, where we're counting slips. It's what are our capabilities. And so when I sit down with the Secretary of the Navy and the Joint Chiefs of Staff, we determine how are we going to be best able to meet all of our defense needs in a way that also keeps faith with our troops, that also makes sure that our veterans have the kind of support that they need when they come home.

And that is not reflected in the kind of budget that you're putting forward because it just doesn't work.

And ABC's Luis Martinez adds that yes, the U.S. military - both the Army and Marines still use bayonets.

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Fact or Fiction: Obama's Apology Tour
10:17 p.m. ET

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