Scottish Independence Vote Too Close to Call

High turn-out in Scotland's vote for separation.
13:00 | 09/18/14

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Transcript for Scottish Independence Vote Too Close to Call
You can. In truth got a child -- Found a bag -- -- a pivotal day that could Alter the course of the country's history. International hot spots Scotland. Fans of the New York today folks in Scotland deciding their country's future. -- this day is part of the United Kingdom or to become its own independent nation that turnout is said to be high and the vote to close to call. The results likely won't be until tomorrow morning but nearly all of Scotland is waiting. And UK with bated breath we're joined now by ABC news chief foreign. Correspondent -- around outside of politics at -- -- you give us the move their leading into the final hours left for voting any idea of which way this can go. But Michelle this is a historic day for Scotland a day of destiny. -- -- it comes very rarely for any people Scots are deciding today. Their future as you say whether to become an independent nation break away from the United Kingdom. And and really decide their own destiny or stay with. The United Kingdom Wales and England and NORTHERN IRELAND be governed from London. Turnout is said to be very very large we've -- at polling places around this city today and we've seen a lot of people out there voting right now is just too close to call. The last polls have shown a slight lead. For what they call the no vote that that the vote of the people don't want independence that want to stay in the United Kingdom. But it feels over the past several days here that the momentum -- -- -- the whole. Has then. On the yes vote those people want independent they've seen the polls close dramatically over the last several weeks. And they feel that they've they've got it in the back that's. -- the Brookings here are are putting odds on that Scotland will say it's been a part of the United Kingdom but. Where you go pogs. Down the fruit at the polling places there's the most. Energized. A man -- Yeah. Are not only do they wanna get on television but they -- -- this discuss their politics and that. It is something that is really -- this place -- out of course this got very passionate as we see there Terry give me an idea what about the voting behind this very different. What else could be charging in this vote here is that the fact that there are younger people that are allowed to vote this round. Surely it's been very different here thank you very much for the suggestion but -- very different here. Than in America sixteen and seventeen year old. Can vote the thinking is if -- future. They should have a -- They can't have a drink back in this pub but they can help determine the future of Scotland. And one another difference from the United States are no active polls here. No electronic voting its -- paper they'll be counting the ballots one at a time. And so the results shouldn't come until Friday morning. -- practiced on here. What you really get a sense of here though is that the people have had a very passionate. Sometimes sometimes heated argument but one that has remained civil has remained. Basically cheerful even I've been in. Iraq and Gaza and Ukraine this year places where people have their differences and the resolving them with guns -- the Scots are deciding the most they. Basic issue should we stay or should we go. And yet they're doing it as you can tell me in a very civil and decent -- -- -- if they do decide to break away from the UK what's at stake here what. Does the UK lose what does Scotland lose or gain. -- that is the 64000. Dollar question. What happens if Scotland voted yes for independence. No one really knows there are a lot of hopes and a lot of fears. One thing is is for certain for Americans. America's staunchest ally in the world is the United Kingdom it will be torn apart. If Scotland vote for independence it will lose a -- its territory -- lose 8% of its population. Access to oil where this nuclear weapons of the United Kingdom are stored -- it will more important -- all that really. -- really into an internal discussion for the next five years may be longer about what this means on the other hand. The people here believe that it is time for them to find their voice those who are voting for independence. And go forward as an independent nation but the stakes could not be higher not just for the -- But for the people of the United Kingdom as a whole. And for Americans and people around the world and how do you think this could shape David camera and then could -- be out of a job because he left this boat developed to where it's at today. -- it's been fascinating -- to watch this campaign having covered for American presidential campaigns. Arriving here just a few days ago and watching. Both sides stage rallies and and get their vote out I gotta tell you that no vote was not ready for prime time they just work. -- yes -- it -- has been on social media they've honed their argument they know how to appeal to people it seems that the no vote. Those who want to stay in the United Kingdom. Just really weren't ready for a good fight and David Cameron who is the leader the United Kingdom this supposedly the guy who. There's gonna convince the people here to stay part of the United Kingdom. If he loses this vote he's in desperate straits it's hard to see him continuing as the leader of the United Kingdom that fell apart on his watch. Now of course there are also things that Scotland would still like to share including custody of that her majesty the queen. How do we think that might play out. -- that's one of those questions about what happens with the monarch. She is a a beloved figure she's been a queen of the -- for sixty years and more. And part of the discussions is what will happen Scott state and their leaders say they'd like to -- is going. Is that possible with an independent Scotland -- she was queen of the commonwealth nations so some kind of arrangement is undoubtedly possible but there have been signs. From the queen herself and from other members of the royal family. That while they have to walk a very fine line constitutionally. They're supposed to be about politics -- -- to take a position. That sent little signals here -- there that they'd rather not lose Scotland. It would be kind of a bad thing after 300 years and so a lot of that state. For -- but what happens with -- is yet to be determined just like on a more practical level. What happens with the British pound a very solid currency. No one really knows the Scott think they'll keep but the British statement the English say no way and so that remains to be determined should Scotland -- independence. It there are a lot of questions there will need to be haggled over. In an atmosphere if Scotland chooses independence that will undoubtedly be full of heartbreak joy hope. Acrimony bitterness going to be a very emotional and difficult process. -- all the above. There are no brands ABC news -- -- veteran correspondent thank you Larry model from Edinburgh by the people. Thank you and for more on the history that led up to today's vote I wanna bring in doctor Chris McGann professor of history at Fordham University. Thank you very much for joining us so the big question how -- -- -- Scotland. And -- UK as a whole get that get here where we are today. Well I think there are some much older -- some historical factors that. A sense of British ness within the United Kingdom has waxed and waned over the last 300 years is very high for example during the first and Second World War is. However over the last thirty years a sense of protectionists have a common British identity rather than English or Scottish identity. Has really waned and most recently of course -- after 2011 the Scottish National Party. -- very well organized -- a very simple message and what they've done is to push for. Independence and this is against a -- a conservative government in Westminster that never polled well in Scotland and is deeply deeply unpopular there. So what has been the edge here do you think it what's the crux of this it is is -- that sense of upon me that Scotland wants is it that they have felt forgotten over years separated from London and the rest of England. Yeah big government at the United Kingdom highs since 1999 given the Scots a great deal of devolved power they've given them their own parliament -- assembly and they have a modicum of power within Scotland. How over the Scottish National Party has wanted to push that further for complete independence. And they -- the targeted their message very specifically. And they refer to themselves as voting fourteen Scotland and -- juxtapose that team Scotland vs -- Westminster and Westminster as I say is deeply unpopular so. The -- to have a measure of independence of autonomy now what they're pushing for is full independence of course the problem without. Is and what is that going to look like and the yes campaign have provided very few specific details. And of course opinions had reached all the way over here across the pond Bill Clinton weighed into the debate yesterday. Urging Scottish people to vote no on independence he emphasized the importance. Of the UK staying unified during a time of instability in Europe how would this split -- -- the rest of the EU. But the EU cause real problems here that and it's what's been referred to -- that aspiration no ripple effect that if the Scots or even at the Scots don't get independence. This has emboldened other will be my coal regions are micro states into pushing for independence and Catalonia in what is now Spain comes to mind to the Spanish government is deeply concerned about this so. The European union high as something of a headache on its hands here -- -- the Scots vote for independence what to do with the Scotts that the Scots want to join the European Union. In the European Union doesn't have any clear mechanism for that to happen if they make an exception -- how to make an exception for. Dozens perhaps other small regions throughout Europe and I can be of the -- nightmare for the EU. And you know over the years and decades we've heard about complaints and criticism about the royal family in the monarch he but it doesn't seem to be the case. In this instance -- Scotland does decide. To be an independent nation it seems that they still would like. To have the queen very much part of that independent nation. That's probe whether they like it or not if they vote for independence. Full independence will not come to the 24 of march 2060. At least that's what they're saying. The queen will remain eyes. Queen of Scots so -- not unlike -- -- part of the Commonwealth of Nations but also with the queen as their head of state it would take a subsequent to a second referendum in future. To actually remove the monarchy and for Scotland to become republic. Give me an idea how this boats. Impacts business as a whole whether it goes one way or the other the Royal Bank of Scotland. And -- two of the country's biggest employers have said that they will relocate their headquarters. -- Scotland votes for independence. That's right businesses don't like uncertainty and there is a tremendous amount of uncertainty if Scotland votes for independence for example as we -- in your report there is no. The consensus on what currency the -- will even use so in. Business leaders banks and so forth have -- come out. Strongly against any independence vote simply because of the uncertainty of it all so businesses are really kind of running scared. And that it and if the Scots do. Succeed in there in their drive for independence. All right and one last question you are here watching all of this unfold I'm sure you have friends and family. How is it watching this occur this vote. From a far. Well I I think in many respects it's a very positive thing that this is raw democracy in action we're seeing it play out before us. And it's very good spirit I only know of one -- conference a -- confrontation at one of the polls this morning. Having said -- Someone in Scotland -- -- nearly half the population Scotland's going to wake up tomorrow morning to be sorely disappointed. Doctor Chris again from Fordham University thank you for joining content for your expertise on this. And of course as we mentioned that vote. The hours are still in place and the decision tomorrow morning you can keep up with this story just download ABC news -- Nstar. This story for those exclusive updates on the go. You've been watching -- -- national hot spot I'm Michelle -- in New York.

This transcript has been automatically generated and may not be 100% accurate.

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