Miscarriage and stillbirth: Everything to know

Miscarriage -- the loss of a pregnancy in any trimester -- is a common occurrence that affects countless women but remains a taboo topic in our culture.
6:09 | 10/14/19

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Transcript for Miscarriage and stillbirth: Everything to know
Today we're talking about a topic that most people. Whisper about. Miscarriages. As an OBG lamb in a tell you really what you need to know about this issue physically also emotionally the miscarriage refers to. A failure. Or end of a pregnancy. In any trimester so typically. We consider a third trimester miscarriage as a still weren't and a miscarriage occurring in the first and second trimester. You know that is the late terminology. We don't know exactly how common miscarriages are bad in OB GY and we typically tell. Women that if they're pregnant enough time as most women can or will suffer a miscarriage a lot of times even before they even know. That their pregnancy rates. There are quoted that hover around 20%. 25%. Sometimes even higher. There are a lot of factors that go into. Determining a woman's risk for having a miscarriage but in general and isolated. Cingular miscarriage is incredibly common age can always be a factor we used to think that the majority of age responsibility. Fell on the woman but now we know that there are effects on the paternal promise homes. As the man ages as well that may or may not increase the risk of pregnancy loss but in general we have to remember at that age is one very important factor when you talk about fertility sometimes a miscarriage will produce no symptoms sometimes they're called spontaneous abortions. Sometimes are called incomplete abortions meaning. Their heart beat stops in hero but the pregnancy stays in the uterus and then needs to be evacuated surgically. Or sometimes medically by health care professionals sometimes we refer to. It threatens miscarriage as a threatened abortion which means there may be leading. But there's still a heartbeat and we don't totally understand what causes it. But we do know that sometimes women will have no symptoms at all other times there can be spotting their can be heavy bleeding there can be cramping I think the first thing. For a women if they are told that they. Had a miscarriage is to take a minute. And really kind of process that as much as possible. From an emotional or psychological standpoint there's rarely. A time pressure to act or do anything unless the woman is bleeding excessively or hemorrhaging. With a miscarriage which can occasionally happen otherwise all other scenarios there is time. To think. Greens processed the information initially as best. As possible and then make you're decision about how you want to proceed if we're talking about a first trimester miscarriage. Basically the options given to women are to do nothing and wait for it to pass on its own. Or to undergo surgical. Evacuation which is called a suction DNC or dilation and securitized. Usually we don't give medication in the first trimester. To evacuate the pregnancy. Surgical. Termination or surgical procedure known as a suction DNC is much more control its schedule to. The woman is under light sedation so it doesn't feel any pain it takes literally minutes. And then there's very minimal cramping and bleeding afterwards but it's an individual Choi is. And every woman has to decide with. Her physician which one is right for her still birth is really not a medical term it's only public term. For usually a third trimester field to mine. In terms of how common a third trimester loss or silver or entry human fetal demise is this I aided. Statistic is 1% they are thought to be over 20000. Still births in the country every year. Those numbers. May be a little bit in question what's not in question is bad silver hand and do happen. Sometimes there are known risk factors sometimes they happen. I don't know an explanation. It's. That is individual case by case there are rarely Annie medical reasons for a woman to wait sometimes there may be. But the vast majority of women are told when their emotionally and physically ready. That will differ woman to woman but. There usually is no reason why a woman can't try to conceive. After getting maybe one period after a miscarriage sometimes it happens on its dollar literally the following month. I think for women who have suffered a miscarriage. Who. On some level blame themselves. Or. Feel like it makes them less of a one man or that it's a fault or flaw. In them a all I can say as an OB GY and is that's not true it's not your fault. It doesn't make you fly added. And it certainly doesn't he -- less of a woman. I think that we need to start. Kind of expanding. Our sensitivity. It when it comes to this and a big part of that is that's how we look at pregnancy in this country which is that. You know it's just a lays the Hollywood pregnancy. And it's so easy and then couples get this perfect baby and that's not reality. And for the people who suffer miscarriage. It seems that everywhere they turn their looking at that Hollywood pregnancy or they're seeing. Women who have. Seemingly no issue with fertility. But I think it's important to remember that optics are rarely reality.

This transcript has been automatically generated and may not be 100% accurate.

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