Transcript for Photos Reveal the Harsh Reality of Extreme Poverty Around the World
At first we want to bring in our special guest for the day Bob Woodruff who. Bob you've been covering this story for some time you've been looking into and it's great to have you with us on Rambis it's great to be here and it's been a pretty remarkable story you know I sat down with two very heroic people. Who teamed up to create the book. Living on a dollar a day -- you know that one out of six people live in extreme poverty. Sadly for those that do not come face to face starvation and suffering on his daily basis. This number is sadly suggest a statistic that's -- Pulitzer Prize winner. -- Byron Thomas in his Ariel who authored the book travel the world the put human faces to the word poverty. Take a look with the interview that made it. What does it mean to. I have extreme poverty. Well extreme poverty means that you are so -- -- it's actually very difficult to live and if there's a change -- weather if you lose a farm animal. If someone in your family gets ill all of a sudden you're -- until the -- of life and death. And as a result a lot of the people in the world to live in extreme poverty. Simply -- for the books is living on a dollar a day is that accurate some people who live in an extreme poverty yes they live on less than a dollar a day. Others may have two dollars a day but they have a family of six it doesn't really matter they're still extreme poverty and how many numbers it's were -- about one point two billion people which is one in every six people on this planet people need this book they've got to take a look at these pictures. -- -- -- -- Taking these pictures. -- when you see this I think here. -- so stunned he wanted to do something was the most stunning place who oversaw -- -- bare hands. With with his -- -- -- smoke that basically I was wearing masks so that I -- -- it's. Where is sifting through all computers and electronic waste from the list -- 1000 that they couldn't find little medals are some that you. To sell for a dollar. And kids have a huge amount of influence on people. Caring about this. People can relate too -- the children because they can see the children. In a -- conditions and -- they can also see him smiling and laughing and some pictures. And I think that act Canada emotionally helps people understand intimate connection. What are the worst things that you saw -- terms of how people tried to survive. Prostitution -- with us where a woman's eyes for actually -- from hepatitis are being forced half sacks. Who and the other was a child that was being SARS up. This by Hamas -- so that she could bend on the streets to feed and other children if she was two years old and she only weighed nine pounds in -- mother's -- -- -- so horrible that she couldn't -- did anything else that she -- -- Women and children are -- the worst. Poorest of the 460%. Are women and children and then in the year of times -- of numbers that. There's a majority of particular parties. That believe that poverty is caused by not lazy yes but they're just not working as hard as those that are -- It's just an out right. -- to believe that most of the people who were desperately poor in the world. Actually work very very hard particularly women I've traveled the world I've never found the lazy woman went on to indeed you do story about. Child labor in. The coal mines these kids -- not escape he couldn't get -- -- these are kids that had. Been working in these mines war. Since there -- nine years old. And there's literally three feet tall there was no regulations whatsoever they had child labor laws were passed back in 1952 never been enforced well. Some people say the only way to get to those -- is actually pulling out of environment entirely just simply save him grabbed and taken to school because you're absolutely right. In a lot of countries these laws are not enforced. Terms of poverty say India is the worst country. India has almost a third of the world's poor. And if you add. Nigeria. Bangladesh China. And Democratic Republic of the Congo. You're looking at two thirds of the world's poor and those five countries alone -- over two to Bucharest Romania and we saw the people living in the sewers. This including children because they're essentially they favor had to go -- that analysts to live that these products also are now. Aniston wears because they have -- -- -- children and then -- really had no support. And so they kind of data as soon -- there's heating accidentally -- keep warm. I know we're seeing huge separation between the poor and the rich extremely wealthy person in India is -- bill today. What is that a billion dollar home and in a country where not far away. People have nothing to -- it's the most expensive -- anyone owns on this planet and you wonder about how someone can build. Himself a place like that when people down the street here. Starving to death certainly the rich have gotten richer -- in last thirty years. Presently there are 1445. Billionaires on this planet. A third of them live in the United States -- take the 85 richest people on this planet. They -- net worth equal to. Half the world's population I was going to miss -- gates and Buffett donated what after their wealth of -- the promise. That's their promise and and certainly bill and Melinda Gates have done an incredible job. Warren -- probably in most generous man on the planet. So we have some great role models is an improving and Obama spent a lot of progress made in the last 3035 years United Nations is now made this a priority. Thirty years ago. 40000 children used to die each day from preventable diseases. Today that numbers about -- us. Some extremely powerful pictures there Bob it's hard look at. Yes I have to say in this book is it's about it's about pictures and that's the most important thing you know we live. In this world. They live -- that world and we never are in contact each other and you can just see that image I think that's what gives us the power to finally people. Wanna do something wake up see it I thought it was really interesting -- buyer the photojournalist. Her comment that she wants to focus on children. And when you see children smiling through that extreme poverty it's. I had very mixed emotions seeing it because on the one hand you think how grateful must we be for the things that we have. And they're still a smile on these children's faces in spite of all of this well -- made it breaks your heart. I mean some -- so many of us who have children just listen. When a kid is born. There's nothing they do that's different if they're born there and the smallest -- what our kids do. It may be the case the somebody who's older do different they pursue different things and maybe what does that mean one deserves poverty and when does not. But you want to talk about the quality about what is exactly the same for no one look at a child and you see. What could be. What could happen to us and we just happen to be warm -- different ways they are the most innocent people they exist they should never be. In this kind of situation and you've traveled the world you've seen this in so many different places I'm curious to know from your experience -- Bob. Where did you see the biggest need. I think in the world I think absolutely places in major conflict -- and depends how you define conflict conflict during war zones any kind of uprisings yes. But the sad thing is even after all the conflicts are over. This kind of poverty still exists and it's got to get fixed by moving something completely different -- -- that society. And -- -- little one of the major reasons that that millions of children and women die of hunger every -- that they simply don't have access to jobs or farmland or food.
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