The ABCs of infertility: Here's how people are getting pregnant in 2019

ABC News' Dr. Ashton shares the latest technology helping women get pregnant.
4:27 | 04/23/19

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Transcript for The ABCs of infertility: Here's how people are getting pregnant in 2019
So here's we should know the basics about infertility there are more options now. For women and for couples including same sex couples than ever before there are many many roads to becoming a parent. I think what's really new and exciting in the area reproductive health right now. He is elected egg freezing and it's really shifting the paradigm from one of infertility. To fertility this is something that a lot of women in their twenties are starting to think about collectively freezing their aegs. And a couple of reasons for that number one the science and technology. Is now well studied well proven it's safe it's effective. And it's going more mainstream that means. The cost is coming down think of this like you buy an insurance policy this is an insurance policy for you or reproductive health. And it's not just for women who want to pursue a professional career or higher education. This is because there are unexpected and sometimes. Compromising circumstances that occur in people's lives women should know about it they should also be talking to their health care providers about. Their fertility in a pro active way so that. 101520. Years down the road they're not dealing with infertility you know an embryo adoption is an emerging trend just because so many couples have. Frozen embryos. And let's say they've used two of them they have two children and they don't want to use the remaining embryos but they don't want it. Throw them away. So they're donating them two. Infertility centers so that other couples can adopt these frozen embryos OK the basics of. Ivey asked you basically need to take a woman's eggs retrieve them from her ovaries. And take a man's sperm and then and embryology us we'll take a sperm and fertilize one egg. In a lab setting one sad. Embryo is created in a lab setting we typically wait till it gets to a certain stage you know five to ten days stage. It's examined under a microscope once the embryology says this looks good it's gingerly and delicately and sterile Lee. Placed inside the woman's uterus and then we wait a couple of weeks to see with some hormonal support if it. Progresses and evolves into a normal viable pregnancy the cost is a massive factor for couples it could be anywhere from twelve to 171000. Dollars per cycle. And many many women will need more than one cycle. To result in a viable pregnancy the good news is that. Most of the time IVF can be successful is just a matter of when and how long how much you know donor egg and uterine surrogate C thanks to some celebrities you know they've come public. I think the issue of donor egg as we talk about celebrities that everyone needs to know is that when we hear these cases of these fifty year old celebrities who were having babies. Almost a 100% of the time they are getting pregnant with the donor and you can get pregnant at any age but not with your own neck. Women Ken conceive using their partner's sperm or they can pick sperm from a sperm bank. And donor egg which comes from a woman in under the age of thirty and she can and carried out pregnancy uterine surrogate C. Is illegal in some states in this country it tends to be very expensive. What's nice about uterine surrogate is that a lot of times the adoptive parents get to participate with the entire pregnancy they. Get to attend the birth. They're really intimately involved. With their surrogate and again a lot of legal hurdles that people have to go through here very very important everything is legally documented so there are no future issues down the road. But just station house or Agassi is isn't a wonderful wonderful gift for a lot of couples. I think it's very important whenever we talk about fertility and fertility. To include. Foster parenting and adoption as well biology is often times the least of what makes someone a parent and that connection that love that passion. I'm for raising a child. Can exist regardless of biology there are so many options now for couples and it's really and incredibly exciting.

This transcript has been automatically generated and may not be 100% accurate.

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