Transcript for Nov. 9, 1988: 50th anniversary of Kristallnacht
There have been ceremonies around the world today to mark the night on which the Nazi holocaust began on November the ninth 1938. Nazi storm troopers attacked Jewish homes businesses and synagogues. Throughout Germany and occupied Austria the Germans call the Kristall knocked. Crystal night. So named for the broken glass left in the streets the next morning that was the beginning of the systematic terror which led to the murders of six million Jews. ABC's David ensor is in west Germany today. In Frankfurt synagogue chancellor Helmut Kohl lent his nation in a gesture of pennant was it remains a cause of deep shame said Cole and a host Germans kept silence before. Chancellor you are lying one protester shouted when Cole went on to praise German Jewish relations since the war. Some Jews are bitter it called for his visit with President Reagan three years ago to the Pittsburgh cemetery where some Nazi SS men are buried in the lynch will be at the Steve but most news today were remembering that night of horror half a century ago. Crystal Knox was a mixture of method and madness smashed shop windows killings. First deportations to camps burning synagogues. Unmistakable signs of what the Nazis planned to do. To this day all over Germany there are the ruins of synagogues abandoned paddle off. But today and you synagogue opened in the little town of darn stuff. Paid for by the town to replace the three burned down here in 1938. Jews whose families fled from here came from around the world to remember. Really emotional. We left displaced fifty years ago. With the family. And we have returned. There are only a 130 Jews left in the town for the Holocaust there were 3000. More than a place of worship for Jews the new synagogue is a symbol of German atonement. David ensor ABC news Darmstadt.
This transcript has been automatically generated and may not be 100% accurate.